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Roadmap Alignment Information Exchange Framework (IEF). September 2012 Presented by: Mike Abramson President, Advanced Systems Management Group Co-chair OMG C4I Domain Task Force Chair Information Exchange Framework (IEF). Information Exchange Framework (IEF).

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Roadmap Alignment Information Exchange Framework (IEF)

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roadmap alignment information exchange framework ief

Roadmap AlignmentInformation Exchange Framework (IEF)

September 2012

Presented by: Mike Abramson

President, Advanced Systems Management Group

Co-chair OMG C4I Domain Task Force

Chair Information Exchange Framework (IEF)

information exchange framework ief
Information Exchange Framework (IEF)
  • A little History (IEF is and evolution not a revolution)
  • IEF Objectives
  • Alignment with ISE Roadmap
  • Challenges
the starting point multi national data sharing effort 1992 2000
The Starting Point (Multi-National Data Sharing effort 1992-2000)

Larger Group

of National and

International Partners

Accomplishment: Demonstration of Common Data Model and

Exchange Mechanisms

Other Government



Private Volunteer



Complex Information and Service Domains




Other Allies

Reach back to National Domain


Stage complex information holdings into the coalition, while enforcing information security policy and SOPs

Establish the ability to support multiple communities of interest with different information needs



Army Tactical

Command and Control

System (ATCCIS)

Other Levels of


evolution of a concept
Evolution of a Concept
  • Allied nation seeking to develop data interoperability
    • Data replication around a common data model
    • Data Exchange Mechanism (DEM) and Message Exchange Mechanism (MEM)
    • US, UK, Germany, Spain, Canada, ….
    • Generic Hub 1, 2 & 3; LC2IEDM; C2IEDM
    • International Testing
  • Absorbed by the Multilateral Interoperability Programme (MIP) in 2001
    • Ongoing Program with 25+ participating members
    • Data Exchange Mechanism (DEM: Binary Data Exchange)
    • JC3IEDM , MIP Information Model (MIM)
    • MIP Exchange XSD
    • STANDAG 5525
  • Shared Operational Picture Exchange Services (SOPES: C4I DTF)
    • Policy Driven Information Sharing
    • 3 Core Elements
      • SOPES Information Exchange Data Model (IEDM) V1.0 (2010)
      • SOPES Information Exchange Mechanism (IEM)
      • SOPES Policy Management Service (PMS)
omg gets involved
OMG Gets Involved
  • US Delegation to MIP sponsored the development of the Shared Operational Picture Exchange Services (SOPES) Information Exchange Data Model (IEDM)
    • Goal: The use of the JC3IEDM as a commercial Standard by OGDs and NGOs
    • Reusable data patterns for developing JC3IEDM information sharing
    • Support for filtering and redaction
  • SOPES moves to MARS PTF (2006)
    • During the socialization of SOPES it was identified that many domains have the same challenges and requirements (Not only a C4I Problem: see past presentations)
    • IEM and PMS form the basis for the Information Exchange Framework (IEF)
    • Elements
      • Information Exchange Policy Vocabulary (IEPV) - Revised submission Aug 2012
        • Limited to Information Packaging Requirements Specification
      • Information Exchange Policy Enforcement Service(s);
        • Renamed Information Exchange Policy-based Packaging Service(s) to reflect the correct scope of the Service(s)
        • Current RFP
      • Several additional services on the IEF roadmap
sopes iedm specification
SOPES IEDM Specification


  • 16 Situation Awareness Domains
  • 192 Defined Data Patterns
  • 271 Wrappers and Corresponding JC3IEDM Entities
  • SOPES IEDM supports selective information sharing from and common information store
  • SOPES IEDM provides data patterns that support tear-lines, redaction and transformation
  • SOPES IEDM provides greater flexibility and agility

Transactional Packages

  • Action (46)
  • Capability (6)
  • Context (13)
  • ControlFeature (6)
  • Facility (22)
  • GeographicFeature (5)
  • Holding (2)
  • Location (22)
  • Materiel (9)
  • MeteorologicalFeature (2)
  • ObjectItem (11)
  • ObjectType (7)
  • Organisation (19)
  • Person (7)
  • Plans & Orders (12)
  • Report (2)

Modeling approach documented in Annex A of the specification

JC3IEDM/SOPES Offers a rich set of Operational planning and Situational Awareness (SA) semantics

ief objectives words have changed with the times the intent has not

Information Exchange Framework

Exchange Mechanisms and Services

Policy Management

Information Models

IEF Objectives (words have changed with the times the intent has not)
  • Information Sharing and Safeguarding (ISS) Services based on open standards and architectures
  • Standards based process, using architecture (modelled), to translate Information sharing and safeguarding policy into executable and machine enforceable rules
  • Separation of policies (business rules and instructions) from Software Applications/Services to promote flexibility, agility and extensibility
  • Platform Independent Solution Specifications
  • Flexible and agile lifecycle for ISS agreements
  • Capture and maintenance of institutional knowledge and the ability to share the knowledge with mission partners
  • Mechanisms (Services) for enforcing the Policy Specifications
  • Policy Management
    • Policy Development (Architecture Models)
    • Policy Administration in operations
  • Domain Specific Information Models
    • Data or Domain Model
    • Policy Model
iepv objectives rfp 1
IEPV Objectives (RFP #1)
  • Formal Vocabulary for specifying the rules for aggregating instance data to meet the semantic requirements of an information exchange agreement.
  • Integrate data aggregation and information protection at the generation point for the data.
    • Based on reusable data patterns
    • Architecture Models
  • Specify the rules for:
    • Aggregation of instance data from multiple sources
    • Filter/Redact data to meet agreement requirements
    • Transform Data from source to agreed domains
    • Tagging Data Aggregates
    • Format data to community specifications and standards
  • Direct Support for MDA
  • Simple Extensible Notations
  • Capture and maintenance of institutional knowledge and the ability to share the knowledge with mission partners
iepps objectives rfp 2
IEPPS Objectives (RFP #2)
  • A specification for a mechanism/service with the capacity to enforces the policies define by IEPV version 1
  • Define APIs for
    • Information Store
    • Policy Management
    • User Applications
    • Logging Functions/Services
    • Security Functions/Services
  • Operational Use Cases
  • Support for:
    • Request – Response
    • Publish – Subscribe
    • Event Driven (multicast, broadcast, peer-to-peer)
mars ief early concepts
MARS IEF Early Concepts
  • Three Primary RFPs
    • Policy Vocabulary
    • Policy Enforcement
    • Policy Management
  • Serve multiple domain
    • C4I
    • Finance
    • Health
    • Other
  • Domain Specific Information
    • Information Model
    • Information Semantics
    • Information Policy Instances aligned to the to the domain model and semantics
ief key concepts
IEF Key Concepts
  • Reusable Information Patterns Describing the rules for:
    • Information Sharing Contract
    • Message
    • Semantic
    • Data Transactional Patterns
      • Data Aggregation and Marshalling
      • Data Transformation
      • Domain Filters (Static and Dynamic (alterable at Runtime)
    • Semantic Guards (protected Semantic Patterns)
  • Simple Extensible Notations
  • Transformable into Executable Rules (MDA Process)
  • UML Profile for IEPV
  • Direct Alignment to Architecture Frameworks
  • Open Standards / Open Architecture / Open Source
iepv iepps objectives
IEPV/IEPPS Objectives
  • Focus on information content and Rules rather than mechanisms for discovery and distribution
  • Align information sharing and safeguarding to architecture
  • Separate business rules from the software services that enforce them, providing:
    • increased flexibility, adaptability and agility
    • Increased the retention of institutional knowledge and Memory
    • Increase traceability and audit-ability of information sharing and protection solutions
  • Provide Information Sharing and Safeguarding Policy Enforcement Support for multiple communities (NIEM, Hl7, EDXL, XBRL, CAP, MIP, …)
  • Enable Model Driven Architecture (MDA) services for Information Sharing and Safeguarding
  • Enable the use of reusable data and information patterns
iepv products
IEPV Products
  • Content and Packaging Policy Vocabulary Models
    • Data Patterns for the aggregation of information content
    • Patterns for aggregation/collation of message content
      • Message
      • Digest
      • Information packages
      • Information payloads
      • Attachments
  • UML Profile for Modelling Packaging Policies
  • Domain Model for the storage of the Policy Models
  • OWL Representation
and t he ief continues to evolve
And the IEF continues to evolve

Not identified as an IEF Element but needed for IEF to Work

Original IEF Elements

IEF additions as of December 2011

IEF policy areas

latest list of policy enforcement services
Latest List of Policy Enforcement Services
  • Current IEF Focus
    • Policy-based Packaging Services (IEPPS)
      • Focussed on packaging data  Information  Messages in a manner that is:
        • Context Sensitive
        • Transformed for Use
        • Redacted for Release
    • IEPV Elements (current IEPV Focus)
      • Vocabulary Model (Visual Ontology Model (VOM))
      • UML Profile for IEPV (PSM)
      • Domain Model for IEPV Policy
      • OWL Representation (PSM)
  • Future IEF or related standards efforts
    • Policy-based Authorization Services (IEPAS)
    • Policy-based Information Release Services (IEIRS)


    • Policy-based Security Services (IEPSS)
    • Policy Based Credentialing Services (IEPCS)
    • Policy-based Identity Services (IEPIS)
    • Policy-based Distribution Services (IEPDS)
      • UML Profile for DDS / DDS (definitely a target)
      • But there are others
  • Proposes future PSMs:
  • SAML
  • Ponder
  • Other
  • Each will Require:
  • Policy Vocabulary
  • UML Profile Linked to AF
  • Language PSMs
  • Enforcement Service Specification
policy rule life cycle policy based packaging
Policy/Rule Life-cycle (Policy-based Packaging)

Post Mission Analysis

Source Requirement

Legislation/International Agreement

Government Policy


Agency Policy

Operating Procedures

Service Level Agreements



Architecture Driven Transformation

AF Domain Model


Change Recommendations

Testing, Validation and Certification

Architecture Framework



Policy Management


Policy Enforcement Point

Policy Decision/Enforcement Point



positioning the iepps
Positioning the IEPPS

Enforce IEPPS Policies

Exchange Semantics,

Syntax, Structure,


Metadata and Message Publishing

Enforce Access

and Distribution


Enforce IEPPS Policies









Shared Middleware or Registry/Repository Infrastructure

Security Services

Identity, Credentials and Access Services

IEPV Decision and Enforcement Point

Policy Management


mda for ief

Architecture and Engineering Domain

Operational Domain

ief iepv iepps a lignment to ise capabilities
IEF (IEPV / IEPPS) Alignment to ISE Capabilities

IEPV / IEPPS enables the specification and enforcement of aggregation and dissemination rules for the publishing of discovery data.



IEPV / IEPPS enables the specification and enforcement of aggregate and dissemination rules for identity information tailored to the needs of the individual services.

Security \ Encryption

IEPV Policies can include instructions directing datasets to be encryptedduring construction or as a final step before release. The policies can identify type of encryption to be performed. However the IEPPS will require an interface to the encryption services.


IEPPS service specification is expected to enable federated / distributed operation; each IEPPS can instantiate a specialized set of policies that will enable the storage, transformation, forwarding, … of received information.


IEPPS specifies the requirement for logging during the aggregation and publishing processed at various levels to support auditing. The MDA process evolving out of the IEPV can provide full traceability from operation (rules and instructions) back through architecture to originating policy.


IEPV specifies the rules for aggregating (including filtering, redaction and transformation) of data to support information sharing agreements; Policy decisions and enforcement are performed by the IEPPS or equivalent reasoning or reasoning service.


IEPV specifies the aggregation, structuring and formatting policies to support messaging services; IEPPS or equivalent service deliver formatted messages to the messaging or dissemination services.


The data patterns defined in IEPV can be used to breakdown and message to its base components and then reassembled using a separate pattern to translate it domain and structure for a separate format. The same process can be used to redact information when crossing domains.

IEPPS can be interfaced for various forms of data store. The policies in the IEPPS can be used to transform received messages from semantic in transit to the semantics of the information system store.



Only as data sharing applies.

IEPV provides a modeling approach (UML Profile) that can enable MDA transformation to convert model elements into machine enforceable rules and instructions. The approach provide full traceability between policy and strategy and operational rules and instructions.


IEPV vocabulary provides for the marking of data and data composites during the aggregation process. The vocabulary also be used to develop metadata for section headers, message headers and discovery information.


IEPV provides the vocabulary to support the modeling of transformations in the aggregation and de-aggregation (marshaling) processes. Structural transformation is performed by moving data elements from one pattern to another defined in the policies instantiated in and instance of the IEPPS.


The IEPPS will have and interface to directory services.




looking down the road
Looking down the Road


COTS Tools


Service Models

Shared Architecture

SOPES Profile

UPDM 2.0

UPDM 3.0 / UAF

SOPES v1.0



DODAF Conformant Model




MIM Packaging Policy Model

MIM Policy Model

This strategy would also test NIEM, ISE, IEF, UPDM standards in the evolution of a complex domain and a large international community – Multilateral Interoperability Program (MIP).



MIP Information Model


MIM Data Model

take away
  • IEF has a strong alignment with ISE capability objectives
  • IEF is focused on aligning standards and community specifications to deliver capability
  • IEF seeks to exploit architecture (modeling) in order to:
    • Expedite the development, testing and deployment of IE Policy & Capability
    • Adapt to changing IE needs
    • Retain institutional memory
  • The goal should be not only be the development of new standards but also the alignment of existing capability
  • Need opportunities to test, demonstrate and pilot IEF concepts and standards
questions and answers


Questions and Answers

Information Exchange Framework


March 2011

Mike Abramson,

President Advanced Systems Management Group (ASMG) Ltd.

Co-Chair C4I DTF

Co-Chair Emergency Management SIG

Chair IEF WG

265 Carling Ave, Suite 630, Ottawa, Ontario, K1S2E1

Fax: 613-231-2556

Phone: 613-567-7097 x222


a little history
A little History

OMG C4I DTF RFI Summer/Fall 2001

iepv alignment to updm 2 0
IEPV Alignment to UPDM 2.0





{DODAF Alias = “ActivityResourceOverlap”}

<SOPES 1.0>


{OperationalExchangeKind = InformationExchange}

<SOPES 1.0>


<SOPES 1.0>







{framework – “MODAF 1.2”}





<SOPES 1.0>


<SOPES 1.0>









{DODAF Alias = “Information”}

<SOPES 1.0>


<SOPES 1.0>





{DODAF Alias = “Information”



{DODAF Alias = “Information”