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  1. International Organization for Standardization

  2. Standards Development Workshop by Alain Samne Technical Group ManagerEngineering, Machinery and EnergyTPM for ISO/TC 67 Doha (QA), 2006-04-03/04

  3. An introduction to the ISO Global Village of standardization • Facing increasing demands and trade • So where does ISO fit into all this? • How about a ‘regional’ ISO • Examples of standards in the real-world • ISO and Innovation

  4. Facing increasing demands and trade

  5. An increasing demand for International Standards • Globalization of trade in products and services • Global supply chain • Delocalization of procurement and investment • Public demand for consumer and environmental protection • International solidarity to face terrorism, epidemics and natural disasters and climate change • Pervasive information and communication technologies In support of a sustainable world development

  6. A new political framework fortechnical harmonization • WTO: TBT and SPS, and GATS (services) agreements • Developments of bi- and multi-lateral trade agreements • Good regulatory practices (GRPs), public governance and reference to consensus-based standards • Global companies and their global specifications • Major emerging economies: China, India, Brazil, Russia… • Increasing impact of NGOs

  7. World Trade Report 2005 Six essential elements for International Standards defined in 2nd Triennial Review of TBT Agreement, 2000 (Annex 4): Transparency – easily accessible information Openness – non-discriminatory Impartiality and consensus – fair practices Effectiveness and relevance – market demand Coherence – no overlap Development dimension – technical assistance to participate = the ISO system is fully compliant Exploring the links between trade, standards and the WTO

  8. Non-tariff barriers affecting market access

  9. Some objectives A positive contribution to globalization Developing International Standards for voluntary application with the aim of: • Facilitating exchange of goods and services among the people of all countries • Improving communication and collaboration in all spheres of activity • Supporting the smooth and equitable growth of trade for a safe and sustainable development • Reducing the digital divide • Associating all stakeholders through transparent and democratic mechanisms based on national contribution and international networking

  10. So where does ISO fit into all this?

  11. ISO in a Nutshell • A non-governmental organization (NGO) established in 1947 • Worldwide federation of national standards bodies (NSB) • Decentralized structure • Largest of the 3 apex international standards organizations (ISO, IEC, ITU) • Develops voluntary consensus-based standards and other deliverables • Maintains development-partnerships with other standards development organisations (e.g.: CEN, OECD, OIML…)

  12. The ISO system At 15 February 2006 156 national members • IT tools • Standards development procedures • Consensus building • Dissemination 177 active TCs 3000 technical bodies 50 000 experts Central Secretariatin Geneva 150 staff

  13. ISO Membership • Member body (‘full member’)The national body "most representative of standardization in its country". Entitled to participate and exercise full voting rights on any technical committee and policy committee of ISO. • Correspondent memberAn organization in a country which does not yet have a fully-developed national standards activity. Do not take an active part, but are entitled to be kept informed about work of interest to them.intended to be held for a limited duration and is reviewed by the ISO Council not later than five years after the date of registration with ISO • Subscriber memberFor countries with very small economies. Pay reduced membership fees that nevertheless allow them to maintain contact with international standardization.

  14. Some statistics … Some Statistics Organizations • Full members (member body) 99 • Correspondent members 46 • Subscriber members 10 • A-Liaison organizations 495 • Developing country members 121 Involvement • ISO members with secretariats 40 (12) • ISO members with convenorship 50 (17) • ISO members also ‘P’ members 97 • ISO members also ‘O’ members 125

  15. Statistics (2) Groups • Technical Committees 178 • Subcommittees 514 • Working Groups 2111 Individuals (may have multiple roles) • Chairmen 631 • Secretaries 459 • Convenors 1538

  16. Distribution of ISO members per continent At 15 February 2006 MB distribution per continent MB+MC+MS distribution per continent 28 42 30 17 37 38 42 17 3 4 Oceania Europe Americas Total: 102 Total: 156 Africa Asia

  17. % of standards published vs. processing time(start-to-finish – 2001 compared with 2005) Last update: 2006-01-01 2001 2005

  18. ISO Key mission statement To be the leading value adding platform and partner for the production of global and market relevant International Standards covering products, services, good conformity assessment, management and organizational practices

  19. ISO’s added value • Recognized experience in international consensus building • Brand name, ethics and wide recognition • Diversified scope, broad range of deliverablesand cross-sector consistency • Strong national membership base, ensuring adequate consensus, dissemination of deliverables and market feedback for their maintenance and development

  20. ISO’s added value (cont.) • Extensive networking, at both international and regional levels • Ability to provide International Standards to assist in the implementation and harmonization of regulations • Leadership for the production of standards and guides for conformity assessment • Leadership in the use of IT tools for the production and dissemination of standards

  21. Management systems standards Quality Management Systems (QMS) ISO 9000 series ISO 29001 – Oil and Gas sector-specific Environmental Management Systems (EMS) ISO 14000 series

  22. World total number of ISO 9001:2000 certificates

  23. World total number of ISO 14001 certificates

  24. Future ISO 26000 Guidance on social responsibility (SR) What it should be: • Description of the principles of SR, definition of SR concepts, issues concerning SR (SR core context) • Guidance to help all-types of organizations and businesses to understand, develop and implement suitable SR practices • Compatible with inter-governmental instruments, including international labour standards What it will not be: • A management systems standard • A set of certifiable requirements • A duplication of ILO and other international (C)SR initiatives Target publication date: Q3 2008

  25. Conformity assessment, metrology and testing • WTO and international acceptance of tests and certificates • Reconciling facilitation of trade and progress in quality, security, health, consumer and environmental protection • International recognition and acceptance to be based on confidence and good practices (GP) • The way forward: implementing the ISO/IEC Standards and Guides, with a double level of consensus, amongst countries and across stakeholders

  26. How about a ‘regional’ ISO

  27. Regional standards bodies Major functions • Facilitation of intra-regional trade through the harmonization of standards (removal of technical barriers to trade) • Coordination of policies towards standardization and related fields between the members (in the region, but also towards international standards bodies) • Forum for the exchange of views and experiences • (in some regions:) Development of regional standards (in addition to and/or on the basis of International Standards)

  28. International StandardsRegional cooperation • Over 200 free trade agreements in operation in the world: opportunity and threat for International Standards • Promotes the adoption of, and reference to, International Standards in technical regulations • Increases links between standardization and conformity assessment (ISO 17025) • Global relevance of International Standards

  29. Regional standards bodies

  30. Regional standards bodies • ACCSQ (ASEAN Consultative Committee for Standards and Quality) • AIDMO (Arab Industrial Development and Mining Organization) • ARSO (African Regional Organization for Standardization) • CEN (European Committee for Standardization) • COPANT (Pan-American Standards Commission) • EASC (Euro-Asian Council for Standardization, Metrology and Certification) • PASC (Pacific Area Standards Congress)

  31. The World Standards Cooperation (WSC) The leading international standardization organizations collaborate to meet the challenges of converging technologies Multi-discipline and cross sector For electrotechnology For telecommunications

  32. Future collaborative arrangementsPSDO PSDO = Partner Standards Development Organization Answering current sector-recognized standards • Publication and commercial arrangements currently being discussed with the candidate SDOs of ASTM and IEEE (in consultation with ANSI) Specific modalities of implementation are being developed and evaluated • Derivative work • Normative referencing • Joint development…

  33. Some challenges ahead… • Limited resources – time, experts, funding, knowledge management • Corporate buy-in of big-picture benefits as opposed to short-term investments • ‘True’ international participation – good intentions are not always good enough • Project leaders – Experts in their field but not necessarily in standardization • Corporate insistence to reference a single set of international standards (e.g.: BP’s ETP, Shell’s DEP…)

  34. …and in the ‘energy’ sector… ISO technical committees cover many ‘energy’ (and related) sectors including: • TC 27 – Coal • TC 28 – Petroleum Products • TC 67 – Materials, equipment & offshore structures for the PPNGI • TC 85 – Nuclear energy • TC 180 – Solar energy • TC 193 – Natural gas • TC 197 – Hydrogen energy • TC 203 – Technical energy Visit the ISO Online website for additional information on the above ISO Technical Committees

  35. Examples of standards in the real-world

  36. Order and variety seduction • An enterprise can stock fewer types of parts used for a greater range of applications.

  37. Market and society transactions • Suppliers can base the development of their products and services on specifications that have acceptance in their sectors.

  38. Conformity, testing and metrology • Laboratories and certification bodies use internationally agreed criteria to check that products, materials, services or people meet specifications of a standard.

  39. Standards in the real world – Examples For everyone In the Oil and Gas sector • ISO/CS’s monthly information magazine • An excellent resource for business, industry, consumer and government • Facilitates communication in all spheres

  40. More information… • ISO Annual Report • ISO in Brief

  41. Conclusion !! The ISO system contributes to positive globalization and sustainable development

  42. ISO and Innovation • A short video clip… ISO Innovation 2005.exe

  43. Thank you for your attention !