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CRIMINAL LAW: Case of the Drowning Girl. AGENDA. Recap lesson discussing Good Samaritan legislation Overview of Homicide Crimes “The Case of the Drowning Girl” (Mini-Trial and Jury Deliberations) Debrief Assignment. FIRST DEGREE MURDER.

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Presentation Transcript
agenda
AGENDA
  • Recap lesson discussing Good Samaritan legislation
  • Overview of Homicide Crimes
  • “The Case of the Drowning Girl” (Mini-Trial and Jury Deliberations)
  • Debrief
  • Assignment
first degree murder
FIRST DEGREE MURDER
  • Definition: A person commits the crime of murder in the first degree when, with a premeditated intentto cause the death of another person, he or she causes the death of such person or of a third person.
    • Premeditated means thought over beforehand. When a person, after any deliberation, forms an intent to take human life, the killing may follow immediately after the formation of the settled purpose and it will still be premeditated. Premeditation must involve more than a moment in point of time. The law requires some time, however long or short, in which a design to kill is deliberately formed. (WPIC 26.01.01)
  • Example: I obtain poison and plan to kill another person with it.
first degree manslaughter
FIRST DEGREE MANSLAUGHTER
  • Definition: A person commits the crime of manslaughter in the first degree when he or she recklessly causes the death of another person.
    • A reckless person is aware of and disregards a substantial risk that harm will result.
  • Example: I get into a knife fight (not planned) and stab the other person and they die.
second degree manslaughter
SECOND DEGREE MANSLAUGHTER
  • Definition: A person commits the crime of manslaughter in the second degree when, with criminal negligence, he or she causes the death of another person.
    • A negligent person is unaware of the risk but should have been. Negligence is an objective standard, which is judged from the viewpoint of a reasonable person in the position of the defendant.
  • Example: I am playing with a gun with a friend, thinking it’s not loaded, and shoot and kill one of them.
good samaritan law
GOOD SAMARITAN LAW

Any person, between the ages of 18 and 60 and who is healthy-abled (not disabled), at the scene of an emergency who knows that another person is exposed to, or has suffered, grave physical harm shall, to the extent that he or she can do so without danger or peril to himself or herself or to others, give reasonable assistance to the exposed person.  At a minimum, reasonable assistance includes calling 911 for those who have access to a phone.  Any person violating the provisions of this section shall be guilty of a petty misdemeanor and shall be subject to community service or a fine of not more than five hundred dollars ($500), or both. Punishment or fines shall be imposed based on the circumstances of the emergency.

mini trial the case of the drowning girl
MINI TRIAL: The Case of the Drowning Girl
  • Divide into “Juries”
  • Opening
  • Testimony
  • Closing
  • Jury deliberations
verdicts
VERDICTS
  • Eric(a) would not be liable of first-degree murder, unless she had gone out to the lake with previous intent to drown Jill.
  • Eric(a) would be liable of first-degree manslaughterif she pushed Jill into the water with some awareness that Jill would drown (e.g., knew Jill couldn’t swim).
  • Eric(a) would be liable of second-degree manslaughterif she didn’t necessarily know that Jill would drown (e.g., didn’t know Jill couldn’t swim), but reasonably should have known that Jill drowning was a risk of pushing her.
  • Based on the law passed in this class, Eric(a) could be charged under the Good Samaritan law.
assignments
ASSIGNMENTS
  • Homework assigned at the bottom of the jury instructions:
    • Read the full “The Case of … The Drowning Girl”
    • For each person in the case, answer whether any of them should be criminally liable, for which crime, and why.
    • Due MONDAY (25 Feb 08) at the beginning of class
  • Journal Assignment:
    • Two paragraphs on a current legal topic of your choosing, due MONDAY (25 Feb 08) at the beginning of class.
possible journal topic
Possible Journal Topic

“Bill proposes "scarlet letter" for DUIs: bright-yellow license plates”

Seattle Times, Feb. 12, 2008

OLYMPIA — Sen. Mike Carrell wants everyone on the road to know who's been caught driving drunk. He's sponsoring a bill that would require people convicted of drunken driving to put fluorescent-yellow license plates on their cars for one year — once their driving privileges have been restored.

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