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Opening Up Education M.S. Vijay Kumar, MIT Toru Iiyoshi, Knowledge Media Lab, Carnegie Foundation Educause Webcast Oct 17, 2008
A Collaborative Publication Project • “How can we advance teaching and learning by taking full advantage of open education?” • A hardcover book + free online distribution with Creative Commons • 30 chapters by 38 prominent leaders and visionaries (Foreword by John Seely Brown) • Lessons learned and visions of the future from: OKI, IMS, CNI, Sakai, Moodle, ETUDES, iCampus, VUE, Mellon Foundation, OCW, Connexions, OLI, MERLOT, OpenLearn, SOFIA, Creative Commons, LAMS, Hewlett Foundation, CASTL, VKP, ISSOTL, Open University, Carnegie Foundation, and more The Carnegie Foundation’s Book on Open Education (Winter 2008, MIT Press)
Opening Up Education: Key Dimensions • The educational value proposition and implications of open education initiatives • The micro and macro factors that would accelerate these initiatives towards having a larger impact on education • The means and mechanism for iteratively and continuously improving the quality of teaching and learning through effective development and sharing of educational innovations and pedagogical knowledge
Understanding and Promoting the Impact of Open Education: Big Questions • How can we enable and encourage learners and educators to productively participate in open education? • What does open education mean as an agency for change both in formal and informal education? • How can niche learning communities take advantage of open educational tools, resources, and knowledge of practice? • What support needs to be provided?
Open Technology Open Content Open Knowledge Opening Up Education: A Framework Section Editor: Flora McMartin Richard Baraniuk Tom Carey Catherine Casserly Gerard Hanley Diane Harley Andy Lane Anne Margulies Shigeru Miyagawa Marshall Smith Candace Thille David Wiley Section Editor: Owen McGrath Trent Batson David Kahle M. S. Vijay Kumar Stuart Lee Steve Lerman Phil Long Clifford Lynch Christopher Mackie Neeru Paharia Edward Walker Section Editor: Cheryl Richardson Randy Bass Dan Bernstein Barbara Cambridge James Dalziel Bernadine Chuck Fong Richard Gale Mary Huber Pat Hutchings Toru Iiyoshi Diana Laurillard Marilyn Lombardi Diana Oblinger
The iLab Vision • Order of magnitude more lab experiences • More lab time to users/researchers • More sophisticated labs available • Communities of scholars created around iLabs sharing educational & research content Campus network Internet Client Service Broker University Databases Lab Server
AcceleratingGlobal Movement HigherEducation
Making a Difference – Educator Use Professor Richard Hall LaTrobe University in Melbourne, Australia, now teaching information systems, beginning microprocessors, and advanced computer-aided software engineering. OCW saved him “an enormous amount of time and stress.” “I was delighted by the way the material is so coherently presented. It is truly inspiring to see this level of excellence.”
Making a Difference – Student Use Kunle Adejumo, Engineering student at Ahmadu Bello Universityin Zaria, Nigeria “Last semester, I had a course in metallurgical engineering. I didn’t have notes, so I went to OCW. I downloaded a course outline on this, and also some review questions, and these helped me gain a deeper understanding of the material.”
OER Value Proposition Open high quality digitized educational content, tools and communities Available anytime, anywhere for free Localizable and re-mixable Allows for collective improvement and feedback Alternate way to learn: Accelerate/deepen learning Scaling excellence
Opportunities and Challengesin Open Knowledge Sharing • Ability of learning technologies to be integrated together into an educational infrastructure. • Easier sharing of applications and content among institutions that can be a catalyst for cooperative and commercial development. • Lower long term cost of software ownership, as well as increased stability and reliability for example through replacement/upgrading of single components, rather than entire systems,. • Making tacit and local knowledge of effective teaching and learning visible and useful to others (both globally and locally) . • The commons must serve both as a repository and a seedbed. Open knowledge is not simply about making new pedagogical work available. It is about creating the conditions in which ever better ideas and models can come forward.
Recommendation #1 Investigate the Transformative Potential and Ecological Transitions • Does open education shed new light on the persistent, hard problems of education with respect to access and quality, and perhaps offer new solutions? • Does it provide a fresh new look at the practice of education, necessitated by that flatness and fortunes expected of the new global dynamics of mobility and emerging economies? • What new pathways does open education offer to improve education as a whole?
Change Education’s Culture and Policy Recommendation #2 • What fresh perspective on resources and relationships does open education demand? • What would be a good model(s) for building receptivity to open educational resources at many levels through effective professional and leadership development? • How can we help educational institutions allocate resources towards building support necessary capacity for faculty and students in fully utilizing open educational resources?
Is Education Ready for Opening Up Education? • Inertial Frames • Scarcity vs. Abundance • Pundit-Pupil vs. Peer-Peer • Outdated premises (Historical Evolution) • Enabling Structures • Sense Making • Ordering the digital disorder • Teacher education • Facilitative infrastructure (Technical; Organizational; Financial) • Accountability and Accreditation
Make Open Education Solutions Sustainable Recommendation #3 • Programmatic and technical integration • How can we tightly integrate open education efforts with educational program priorities? • Synthesis and synergy • How can we look beyond institutional and other boundaries and connect efforts among many settings, and seek complementarities and productive combinations? • Governance • How can open education initiatives take advantage of both widely distributed nature and collectivity in leading their efforts?
Influences • Collectivity • Participatory, Collaborative practices for developing and sharing educational materials • Social Software, networks….. • Virtual Environments: Second Life. • Remix • Design • Agency • Sustainability • Enablers: Open & Community Source; Creative Commons Open Architecture; Interoperability (OKI; eFrameworks.)
Make Practice and Knowledge Visible and Shareable Recommendation #4 • How can we facilitate community inquiry and discourse, making diverse pedagogical know-how visible and transferable in intellectually engaging and rewarding ways? • How can we help educators and educational institutions build their intellectual and technical capacity to create and share quality educational knowledge, and transform “tacit knowledge” into “commonly usable knowledge”?
Web 2.0 Niche CoP, Social learning about T&L All of these are freely available to the public! http://commons.carnegiefoundation.org
A Circle of Knowledge Building and Sharing:Promoting the Scholarship of Teaching & Learning
Recommendation #5 Build the Commons through the Collectivity Culture • What kind of mechanisms do we need to devise to harvest, accumulate, and distribute locally created educational assets, pedagogical innovations, and wisdom of practice in a way that can be reused effectively in different local contexts? (e.g., “Education Concierge”) • To foster the spawning and sharing of new ideas and models for innovative learning and teaching, what conditions need to be created through the collectivity culture? • How can we create a vast network of educational knowledge-bases that inspires and helps to inform future efforts?
Three Dramatic Improvements in Education By openly sharing educational tools, resources, and knowledge, we could: • increase quality of tools and resources; • promote more effective use; and • advance individual and collective (and local and global) knowledge of teaching and learning.
Open Education Vision Elements • Blended Learning • Intelligently combine the physical and the virtual • Integrate conventional pedagogy with net-learning to deliver quality • (relevant) educational opportunities • Boundary-less Education • Beyond geo-political • Across Disciplines • Thematic Education • Research-Education/Learning
Related Online Resources: MIT Press: http://mitpress.mit.edu/catalog/item/default.asp?ttype=2&tid=11309 Book Release WebEvent: http://commons.carnegiefoundation.org/openingupeducation/ Opening Up Education Discussion Forum: http://commons.carnegiefoundation.org/openingupeducation