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Hazard Communication and Global Harmonization. Hazard Communication. It is what OSHA calls your “Right to Know” system. It is a way for your employer to let you know the physical and health hazards associated with the materials you are using to complete your work.

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hazard communication
Hazard Communication

It is what OSHA calls your “Right to Know” system.

It is a way for your employer to let you know the physical and health hazards associated with the materials you are using to complete your work.

It is found in Section 1910.1200 of the OSHA standards for both construction and general industry.

hazard communication1
Hazard Communication

Your company must have a written Hazard Communication Program and that program must be made available to you.

Your company must have a list of all materials/chemicals/products that present physical or health hazards to you.

Safety Data Sheets for each of these materials/chemicals/products must be made available to you.

hazard communication2
Hazard Communication

Do you know the hazards associated with the materials/chemicals/products you use on your job?

Do you know where to get a copy of your company’s Hazard Communication Program?

Do you know where the Safety Data Sheets for your company are kept?

hazard communication and global harmonization1
Hazard CommunicationandGlobal Harmonization

Why the change?

Many of the materials/chemicals/products you use in your job are manufactured all over the world.

Adopting the GHS will help reduce confusion by standardizing hazard classifications, labels, and safety data sheets.

OSHA believes employees have the “Right to Understand” not just the “Right to Know”.

what has changed
What has changed?

All manufacturing companies will now have to classify the hazards of their products using a standard set of categories. This will result in more consistent and easier to read and understand labels.

Labels will contain more information, but also more specific information regarding the material/chemical/product.

what has changed1
What has changed?

Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS) will now be called Safety Data Sheets (SDS).

SDS will be updated with new information.

SDS will be standardized and include 16 required sections in a standard order.

new product labels
New Product Labels
  • New product labels must now include the following information:
    • Product Identifier: The name of the product
    • Supplier Information: The name of the manufacturer
    • A Signal Word: Danger, Warning, Etc.
    • One or More Pictograms: A standard symbol used to convey hazard information
    • Hazard Statement(s): A statement assigned to hazard class and category such as “Fatal if Swallowed”
    • Precautionary Statement(s): Statements used to minimize or prevent effects or exposure such as “Do not eat, drink, or smoke while using”
safety data sheets
Safety Data Sheets

Section 1, Identification includes product identifier; manufacturer or distributor name, address, phone number; emergency phone number; recommended use; restrictions on use.

Section 2, Hazard(s) identification includes all hazards regarding the chemical; required label elements-signal words, hazard statements, precautionary statements.

safety data sheets1
Safety Data Sheets

Section 3, Composition/information on ingredients includes information on chemical ingredients; trade secret claims.

Section 4, First-aid measures includes important symptoms/ effects, acute, delayed; required treatment.

Section 5, Fire-fighting measures lists suitable extinguishing techniques, equipment; chemical hazards from fire.

safety data sheets2
Safety Data Sheets

Section 6, Accidental release measures lists emergency procedures; protective equipment; proper methods of containment and cleanup.

Section 7, Handling and storage lists precautions for safe handling and storage, including incompatibilities.

Section 8, Exposure controls/personal protection lists OSHA's Permissible Exposure Limits (PELs); Threshold Limit Values (TLVs); appropriate engineering controls; personal protective equipment (PPE).

safety data sheets3
Safety Data Sheets

Section 9, Physical and chemical properties lists the chemical's characteristics.

Section 10, Stability and reactivity lists chemical stability and possibility of hazardous reactions.

Section 11, Toxicological information includes routes of exposure; related symptoms, acute and chronic effects; numerical measures of toxicity.

safety data sheets4
Safety Data Sheets

Section 12, Ecological information*

Section 13, Disposal considerations*

Section 14, Transport information*

Section 15, Regulatory information*

Section 16, Other information, includes the date of preparation or last revision.

safety data sheets5
Safety Data Sheets

*Note: Since other Agencies regulate this information, OSHA will not be enforcing Sections 12 through 15(29 CFR 1910.1200(g)(2)).


1. OSHA believes employees have the “Right to ________________”

the hazards of chemicals / materials in your workplace.

2. The Safety Data Sheet format requires ______ sections.

3. is the pictogram for a ____________ hazard.

4. is the pictogram for a ____________ hazard.

5. Section 4 of SDS provides information on _____________.

6. Section ______ of SDS provides information on toxicological


7. Signal Words such as “_________” or “________” must be on label.

8. Section ______ of SDS provides information on the exposure

controls and protection methods.