Dealing with Differences Personality Types for Team Building One Day Training Tara Vandana HR and Organisational Development Directorate. Overview. Introductions Purpose of the Day Expectations, Hopes and Fears Ground Rules Housekeeping Structure of the Day. Objectives.
for Team Building
One Day Training
HR and Organisational Development Directorate
By the end of the day you will ..
1875 - 1968
Theory of Pyschological Types 1923’
Personality Inventory 1942
60 Years of Research!
preferences but all are
valuable & normal
How we channel Energy
How we take in Information
How we make decisions
Our lifestyle (orientation to external world)
Good development is not about achieving balance…
… but developing excellence in our preferences
The questionnaire is used to sort your preferences into “type” or categories .
Each of us is capable of using all parts of our personality but the questionnaire forces us to make a choice. . .
E: A preference for focusing on the outer world of people and surroundings
I: A preference to focus on the inner world
What is your ideal weekend break?
Trainer A reported that when there was silence
in groups he was teaching he became
uncomfortable because he saw it as dead time
– this came as a great surprise to trainer B
who saw silent time as very much alive
Which trainer would you say has a preference
for introversion and which trainer has a
preference for extroversion?
If you are low on energy how do you recharge
People who prefer Extraversion… “type” or categories .
Focus their energy and attention outwardly
Are interested in the world of people and things
Receive energy from interacting with people and from taking action
People who prefer introversion…
Focus their energy and attention inwardly
Are interested in the world of thoughts and reflections
Receive energy from within themselvesE & I Recap
We all live in both worlds (use both preferences) but not equally well or easily
Given the choice which do you prefer? “type” or categories .
Extraversion or IntroversionHow clear are you about your preference?E ? IClear Moderate Slight Slight Moderate Clear
This scale shows the type of information we
prefer to pay attention to
S: is a preference for using information from the here and now and from experience
N: is a preference for meaning and associations of information and patterns
Sensing types trust their five senses
to discern what is actually there
Intuition looks at the big picture
through association, patterns
Photographer A and B are both taking a photo outside a window. Photographer A wants to capture the detail of what’s outside the window, so zooms in to capture the specific detail of the trees and cars. Photographer B wants to capture the entire view outside the window so zooms out to capture the sky and ground
Which photographer would you say has a preference
for sensing and which has a
preference for intuition?
Now think about your favourite bar, coffee shop
Turn to the person next to you and tell them about the place
Both methods of gathering information are very important:
Sensing types sees the trees “type” or categories .
Intuitive types see the forestS – N Summary
We all use both preferences in taking in Information but not equally well or as easily
When taking in information are you more comfortable with? “type” or categories .
Sensing or IntuitionHow clear are you about your preference?S ? N Moderate Slight Slight Moderate Clear
This scale shows how we prefer to make
decisions or form conclusions
T: thinking people tend to weigh up all the provable evidence and make decisions based on objective analysis. They seek truth/justice.
F: Feeling people make decisions based on personal feeling and values. They seek harmony from decision.
Both processes are based on reason. We use both of them, but not equally well or easily
A friend asks two colleagues the same question: ‘what’s going on at work at the moment?’. Colleague A started talking about the tasks involved in her work. Colleague B started talking about relationships at work.
Which colleague would you say has a preference for thinking and which colleague has a preference for feeling?
With your neighbour I would like you to discuss what you say if your friend rang you up to say her house had been burgled. You have 3 minutes.
Thinking types tend to try and solve the
problem or encourage their friend into problem
solving mode, try to establish facts, weight up
pros and cons, step out of the situation for
Feeling types tend to listen and empathise, help the
person express their feelings, be supportive, step into
the situation with the friend
When making decision are you more? “type” or categories .
Thinking or FeelingHow clear are you about your preference?T ? FClear Moderate Slight Slight Moderate Clear
The J-P scale indicates our preference for how we like to orient ourselves to the outside world
J: . People with a judging preference like to make decisions, come to closure, then move ahead
P: Perceiving people like to leave things open to possibilities
Like to make plans and follow them “type” or categories .
Prefer to get things settled and finished
Prefer environments with structure
Enjoy being decisive and organising others
Handle deadlines and time limits well
Don’t like surprises - have a contingency
Plan ahead to avoid last minute rushes
Adapt well to changing situations and like to respond resourcefully
Prefer to leave things open and are flexible
May not like making decisions, even when pressed - leave options open for more info.
High tolerance for surprises - adjust to arising situations
Feel energised by last-minute pressuresJ P
Think about these two statements:
Task set “type” or categories .
DeadlineJ - P
When given a choice are you more .. “type” or categories .
Judging or PerceivingHow clear are you about your preference?J ? PClear Moderate Slight Slight Moderate Clear
E or I
S or N
T or F
J or P
eg ESTP, INTJ, ENFP, INTJ etc
The MBTI information is to create new insight “type” or categories .
Not to fit you in a box or pigeon hole
You are driving along a country road and a dear runs out in front of you and you hit it. What do you do?
Go and stand at the flipchart next to the
statement that you feel you are drawn to
Discuss in a group why you placed yourself where you did
Bring up pertinent facts
Face realities of current situation
Apply experience to solving problems
Focus on what needs attention now
S’s can benefit from the natural inclination of N’s to…
Bring up new possibilities
Anticipate future trends
Apply insight to solving problems
Focus on Long-term goalsApplying the MBTI to the real world... Usefulness of opposite types for teams
Analyse situations and their implications
Hold consistently to a policy
Create rational systems
T’s can benefit from the natural inclination of F’s to…
Forecast how others will react and feel
Make needed individual exceptions
Organise people and tasks harmoniously
Be justApplying the MBTI to the real world. Usefulness of opposite types for teams
Paulette Liptrot delivered this training with Tara Vandana