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UNDP RBA Workshop on MDG-Based National Development Strategies Module 6: MDG-based Environmental Strategies UN Millenn PowerPoint Presentation
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UNDP RBA Workshop on MDG-Based National Development Strategies Module 6: MDG-based Environmental Strategies UN Millenn

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UNDP RBA Workshop on MDG-Based National Development Strategies Module 6: MDG-based Environmental Strategies UN Millennium Project February 27-March 3, 2006. The MDGs and the Environment. Goal 7: Ensure environmental sustainability Target 9:

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UNDP RBA Workshop on MDG-Based National Development StrategiesModule 6:MDG-based Environmental StrategiesUN Millennium Project February 27-March 3, 2006

the mdgs and the environment
The MDGs and the Environment

Goal 7:

Ensure environmental sustainability

Target 9:

Integrate the principles of sustainable development into country policies and programmes and reverse the loss of environmental resources

  • MDG 7 provides no clear operational objectives
the challenge of sustainable development
The Challenge of Sustainable Development

Ensuring environmental sustainability poses operational challenges

  • Need for context-specific responses
  • Management of trade-offs across all sectors
  • Integration across different disciplines and actors
  • Country-specific institutional arrangements
  • International cooperation is sometimes needed

Operational responses have been hampered by:

  • Poor integration into national development strategies
  • Absence of operational outcome objectives
  • Neglect of direct investments in environmental management
  • Weak links between strategies and national budgets
  • Human resource and financial constraints compounded by weak environmental institutions
a needs based approach to environmental sustainability
A Needs-based Approach to Environmental Sustainability

1. Define priority areas

2. Specify outcome targets

3. Identify direct and indirect drivers

4. Identify needed interventions and policy reforms

5. Estimate resource needs

the process of preparing a needs based environmental strategy
The Process of Preparing a Needs-based Environmental Strategy

The importance of politics

  • Environmental objectives can only by achieved through coordinated and integrated strategies across key sectors
  • Trade-offs exist and need to be carefully managed
  • Choice of environment objectives and strategies requires high-level political decisions

A possible process

  • Technical environment working group proposes long-term environment objectives and outlines strategies for achieving them
  • Objectives and strategies are reviewed and become binding through high-level political approval
  • Environment working group reviews sectoral strategies to see if they are consistent with environment objectives
step 1 identify priority areas
Step 1: Identify Priority Areas
  • Extent of environmental degradation and impact on human well-being documented by 2005 Millennium Ecosystem Assessment
  • Examples for priority areas include:

Salination, waterlogging, desertification, erosion, deforestation

Land degradation

Coral bleaching, eutrophication, fisheries depletion, destruction of mangroves

Marine/coastal degradation

Pollution, eutrophication, overabstraction, falling groundwater tables, saltwater intrusion

Freshwater degradation

Solid waste, particulates, NOx, SOx, POPs

Solid waste / air pollution

Alien invasive species, habitat loss, overexploitation


step 2 specify outcome targets
Step 2: Specify Outcome Targets
  • Outcome targets are time-bound, measurable, and include interim milestones – they differ from process targets
  • Science can inform choice of targets but does not obviate need for political decision
  • Targets must be set as national objectives to be achieved by all sector strategies

Step 3: Identify Drivers

  • MDG strategies act on direct and indirect drivers of environmental degradation
  • Drivers need to be carefully analyzed and understood

Step 3: Identify drivers

Step 3: Identify Drivers

step 4 identify interventions and policy reforms
Step 4: Identify Interventions and Policy Reforms
  • For each driver identify the investments and policies required to achieve the outcome targets set in Step 2
  • Every investment needs coverage targets
  • Example: Land degradation
    • Investments in prevention & adaptation to climate change, e.g. Agricultural extension services Development and dissemination of improved crops Infrastructure to prevent erosion (check bunds, wind breaks, terracing)Infrastructure for improved water management (drip irrigation)
    • Investments in rehabilitation, e.g.Reforestation, drainage, desalination
    • Accompanying policy changes, e.g.
    • Review of land tenure systemReview of irrigation tariffs and subsidies
step 5 estimate needed resources
Step 5: Estimate Needed Resources
  • Develop an investment model quantifying human resources, infrastructure, and financial resources required to meet outcome objectives
  • Compare interventions with other investment clusters to avoid double counting
  • Specify items not covered in the Needs Assessment
  • Identify drivers not fully addressed by environment needs assessment
  • Ensure inclusion in other sectors’ needs assessments
one important aspect of sustainability disaster risk management
One Important Aspect of Sustainability: Disaster Risk Management
  • Reduce vulnerability of target populations.
  • Natural disasters can derail poverty reduction strategies.
  • Managing risks to minimize socioeconomic impacts ought to be explicitly incorporated into the NEGDS, PRSPs.
  • Investments on prevention, early warning and preparedness are key considerations to avoid catastrophes.