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Organizing a Speech. Organization is…. The order of things. Organization is in your lives:. When watching a movie Reading a book Directions to a party Telling a story Writing a paper The news. questions. How are movies organized? How is a book organized?

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organization is

Organizationis…

The order ofthings

organization is in your lives
Organization is in your lives:
  • When watching a movie
  • Reading a book
  • Directions to a party
  • Telling a story
  • Writing a paper
  • The news
questions
questions
  • How are movies organized?
  • How is a book organized?
  • How do you organize directions?
  • What order do you tell a story?
  • How do you organize a paper?
  • How is the news organized?
chronological
Chronological
  • Arranged by time: beginning to end
  • EX: a speech on the history of fashion might organize chronologically:
      • Fashion in the 60’s
      • Fashion in the 70’s
      • Fashion in the 80’s
  • EX: a speech that demonstrates how to write a paper:

1. Brainstorm 2. Outline 3. Write 4. Proofread

  • EX: Martin Luther King Jr., events of hurricane Katrina, grades in high school
spatial
Spatial
  • Describes an object, person, or phenomenon as it exists in space.
  • Speeches such as telling the components of a computer, design of a new car, floor plan on LHS would use spatial organization.
  • EX: A speech about outer space:
      • Planet earth
      • Our solar system
      • Our galaxy
topical
Topical
  • Splits the main topic into subtopics; clustering
  • Most commonly used in the informative speech
  • EX: A speech discussing why we are at war in Iraq might list a reason for each point, best classes to take in high school,
  • EX: A speech about cancer would list different types
        • Leukemia
        • Breast
        • Colon
topical categories
Importance

Complexity

Lessons

Values

Characteristics (Hero Sp)

Aspects

Reasons (why in Iraq)

Evaluations

Judgments

Merits

Classes

Types (cancer)

Concerns

Qualities (Hero Sp)

Features

Causes

Results

Examples

Topical categories
cause and effect
Cause-and-Effect
  • Categorize your material into things related to the causes of a problem and things related to its effects.
  • Often effect comes before cause.
  • EX: a speech about hurricanes
      • Describes how a hurricane is formed. (cause)
      • Destructiveness of a hurricane. (effect)
  • EX: a speech about student stress
      • Stress that students have (effect)
      • Discuss potential reasons for the stress (cause)
problem and solution
Problem-and-Solution
  • Present the problem and a solution to the problem.
  • Most often in persuasive speeches, like the one you will give.
      • Status quo
      • Why a problem
      • A solution to the problem
  • EX: a speech about global warming
      • Current conditions of global warming
      • Why global warming is a problem
      • A solution to help fix/stop global warming
  • EX: drunk driving, school safety