Cowboys and cattle. L.O: To know what the cattle industry was and why it developed. To know what the cattle drive was and what equipment a cowboy needed. Why did the cattle industry start in the first place?. Civil war. Texas. Why did the cattle industry start?. Spanish imports.
L.O: To know what the cattle industry was and why it developed.
To know what the cattle drive was and what equipment a cowboy needed.
Why did the cattle industry start?
By 1865 it was thought there were 5 million cattle in Texas.
Cattle are worthless
Unless they are sold.
In winter they hung around the ranch, but there were strict rules (which were usually broken)
Or they took it in turn to work in “line camps” stopping the cattle drifting onto the open range.
In spring they went “bog riding” to haul out mired cows and went on the “round up”
In summer they went on the long drive.
In lots of ways their lives were simliar to NAI’s always on the move and self sufficient.
They were entirely dependant upon the great plains.
They developed their own way of communicating in long range signals.
Freezing winter cold in the line camps
Danger of being trampled
Danger of drowning
Extreme weathers, rain, burning sun, hail.
Having to stay awake all night on duty.
Having to ride “drag” on the ride (all of the dust)
Attacks from Native American Indians.
Attacks from rustlers.
Wordwatch: cow town:
The first one of these was developed by Joseph McCoy in Abiliene in 1867. Cowboys would bring their cattle here for sale to the East.
Joseph McCoy brought land.
Built stocks to house cattle waiting to be railed to Chicago.
He shipped cattle East to be sold and slaughtered.
A head of cattle worth $5 in Texas could be sold for 10 x that in Abilene.
As the railroad spread west mrecowtowns grew, Dodge City, Newton for example.
When he came back from the CIVIL war he
Knew that his cattle would not be worth much by
The time he had driven then East. So he sold
Them to the ARMY! That were in a nearby
Who else could he sell cattle to, because they
Could not get out and HUNT? Who else needed
He ended up making lots of
Money with his business partner
Key words to get into your answer:
Remember the secret formula to get 9 out of 9 on this type of question!
He was a failed miner and he had decided that selling cattle was a better way to make a living.
It was him who found out that cattle could survive on the Plains over winter.
He started buying up sick and footsore cattle and soon had a herd of 35,000 cattle.
This was the start of the RANCH! At this point this was STILL THE OPEN RANGE
Write your ideas on a post it note and come and stick it on the board.
The Plains Indians were now confined to reservations.
The buffalo that had previously grazed the grass had been slaughtered.
It was discovered the cold winter killed the Texas Fever tick.
The new railroads were able to take the cattle to the markets in the more populated East quickly. There were huge slaughter houses in cities like Chicago.
I asked (sort of) 100 Cattlemen and 100 Cowboys what the main reason for the clashes between them were?
Damage to crops
Cattle Rustling (stealing)
Divide your page into 2, as shown below. Insert the reasons that the Cattlemen and the Homesteaders hated each other. Use page 68 and 69 and remember to include examples.
Well suh, I really hate these Homesteaders because………….
Gee, I hate these dog-gone Cattlemen. Here’s why…………
The Johnson County War
Can you put the correct events in the correct stars to chart the relationship between Cattlemen and Homesteaders?
Can anyone add any more events?