provision and development of career guidance in estonia the role of nrcg
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Provision and development of Career Guidance in Estonia, the role of NRCG. Margit Rammo [email protected] August 31st, 20 11. Content. Background National development areas NRCG Service provision, structures and concept Qualification and training Quality assurance

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Presentation Transcript
  • Background
  • National development areas
  • NRCG
  • Service provision, structures and concept
  • Qualification and training
  • Quality assurance
  • Supporting materials
  • Cooperation mechanisms and NRCG
  • Main networks
republic of estonia
Republic of Estonia

Living in this area since 2500 B.C;

Strategic location as a link between East and West;

Through the ages several kings and conquerors - Germans, Danes, Swedes, Poles and Russians;

By 1285, Tallinn was part of the Hanseatic League;

In the late 19th century - nationalist movement;

24 February 1918, Estonia declared its independence;

forcibly annexed by the Soviet Union in 1940;

1991 Estonians again reasserted their independence;

Population: ~1,3 million, ~ 1/3 in Tallinn

Language: Estonian

Land area: 45 215 sq km

15 regions / counties; 226 local governments

background of guidance in estonia
Background of Guidance in Estonia

Practised since 1920s (during the first period of independence)

Strongly influenced by the political situation

Closely related to psychology

Gap in the systematic development between 1993 and 1998

Revival in 1998/1999 (establishment of National Resource Centre for Guidance; regional network)

agreement between two ministries
Agreement between two ministries

In 2008,contractual agreement to develop career services was signed between the Ministry of Education and Research and the Ministry of Social Affairs stating the areas of responsibility in providing high quality career services to the whole population.


development areas until 2013
Development areas until 2013


Development of methodology;

Development of training system;

Wider range of service provision;

Development of quality assurance;

Co-operation between different parties.

nrcg promoter coordinator
NRCG: promoter, coordinator


NRCG has become the main partner of the Ministry of Education and Research and the Ministry of Social Affairs in developing career services.

12 staff members since 2008

Established 1998 as Euroguidance centre

nrcg projects and programmes 1
NRCG: projects and programmes (1)

Development of Career Services, ESF (85:15)

Aims and activities according to the agreement

2008-2013, 4 474 000 €

Additional state support for service provision in regional centres,

yearly 150 000 €

Euroguidance, LLP (50:50)

Promotion of mobility; exchange of experience in CG

1998-2013, 94 462 € in 2011

European Lifelong Guidance Policy Network, LLP (47:53)

Exchange of experience in policy development

Work-packages according to the EU resolution;

2007-2013, 36 786€ in 2011-2012

nrcg projects and programmes 2
Erasmus NICE, LLP

university network for innovation in guidance

focus: professionalization of career guidance specialists

2010-2012; 5 768€

Academia, LLP

Academia network

International 1-week study visits for practitioners

Since 2000

Out 90; in 104

NRCG: projects and programmes (2)
career services concept
Career Services Concept

In Estonia we have developed a concept of three guidance services within career guidance system:

Career counselling

to support people in making and implementing informed career decisions

Career information

to provide well-structured information about education, labour market and professions, and links between them

Career education

to help young people raise their self-awareness and the understanding of the opportunity structure (learning and work), and acquire skills and attitudes to enter and succeed in the modern world of work

career guidance structure
Ministry of Education and Research
  • Young people (7-26)
  • Youth Work Act,
  • Education Act
Career Guidance Structure
  • Ministry of Social Affairs
  • (Un)employed and official job seekers
  • Labour Market Services Act

Private sector: mainly personnel recruitment and mediation services to companies, also through human resource management

guidance in the education sector
Part of youth work

Youth Information and Counselling Centres YICC (17; 57)

Open Youth Centres as a network of extended access

Youth information fairs, Signpost, Intellektika etc.

Part of formal education

Cross-curricular theme Lifelong learning and career planning (NEWS)

Class teacher tutorials

Elective course

Career co-ordinators at general education and VET schools (26+5)

University career services (50)

Guidance in the Education Sector
guidance in the employment sector
Guidance in the Employment Sector
  • Unemployment Insurance Fund
  • Regional employment offices
  • 13 labour market measures, incl career counselling
  • career information points
award of professional qualifications
Award of professional qualifications

Since 2005 there are 3 professional standards:

Career counsellors;

Career co-ordinators at schools;

Career information specialists.

Background - psychology, youth work, teacher training or social work.

Specialists who have worked for 3-5 years have the right to acquire a professional qualification.

Society of Estonian Career Counsellors - authorized organization for accreditation of career counsellors.




  • Regularaccredited basic training unavailable yet
  • A variety of short and long-term courses
    • Basic training by three universities (9EAP)
    • N.Amundson Active engagement
    • information retrieval skills, trends in economy and employment, solution oriented counselling, crises psychology etc.
    • European study-visits Academia
    • Innovative guidance methods to support mobility
quality assurance
Quality Assurance

Several tools are implemented to assure the quality of career services:

National Curriculum;

Quality manuals and professional standards; guidelines;

Evidence collection: client’s satisfaction surveys;

Mentoring scheme;

Ethic guidelines (IAEVG)

Recognition process for practitioners and partners

Continues quality improvement as principle serves the needs


quality indicators
Quality indicators

…defined in the development plan of Innove 2011-2015

Awareness of services (20% raise 2011-2015)

Awareness, visits of national portal (10% raise per year)

Full-time practitioners in centres (1+1)

Methodology, satisfaction of practitioners (85%)

Co-ordination, satisfaction of partners (85%)

Concept of CG, involvement of stakeholders (85%)

Service provision: groupsessions for priority groups (100%), individual counselling for priority groups (25%), systematid career education in schools (50%)

Service provision, satisfaction of clients (85%)

supporting materials tools
Supporting materials, tools
  • Teacher books
  • Handbooks for counsellors
  • Information materials
  • Promotional materials
  • Career planning website Pathfinder
    • Youngster, adult, practitioner
  • Learning opportunities in Europe, PLOTEUS
  • Euroguidance network
national career guidance forum
National Career Guidance Forum

National co-ordination and co-operation mechanism for stakeholders interested in the systematic approach to the development and provision of career guidance

  • preparatory activities 2004 – 2006 (EU Joint Actions)
  • negotiations in 2008- rules of procedure, confirmation letters, action plan incl theme, time, role
  • establishment: February 27th, 2009
  • stakeholders (18), incl. ministries (3), employer, service provider representatives, end-user representatives, Unemployment Insurance Fund, Youth Work Centre, Innove / NRCG
national career guidance forum 2009
National Career Guidance Forum2009

Themes in action plan:

terminology, awareness raising, career education in schools, career information provision (labour market), services for adults


  • terminology agreed and disseminated
  • members proposals mapped:
    • awareness raising activities incl targets group, communication channels, timing etc – trailer, conference
    • priorities for career education (new curricula)
    • priorities for career information provision
  • labour market information in national portal renewed
  • service provision for adults mapped
national career guidance forum 2010
National Career Guidance Forum2010

Themes in action plan:

sustainability, awareness raising, career information provision (labour market)


  • the role of the forum renewed
  • members informed about the developments in the field incl
    • needs and opportunities for young unemployed
    • needs and opportunities to develop a brand
    • quality management
  • dissemination conference for decision makers organised
  • recognition of practitioners (statute, committee, ceremony)
  • seminar “Role of lifelong guidance in national legislations” (ELGPN); legislation described
  • terms of reference for the concept development proposed
national career guidance forum 2011
National Career Guidance Forum2011

Themes in action plan:

Implementation of the national ESF programme, participation in ELGPN, legislation of career guidance, concept of career guidance

Expected results:

  • members informed about the developments in the field
  • expectations and needs of clients, practitioners mapped
  • the up-date of the legislation defined
  • dissemination conference for decision makers organised
career g uidance n etworks at national level
Career guidance networks at national level
  • Regional youth information and counseling centers (17)
  • Basic and upper secondary schools (26)
  • Vocational education schools (5)
  • Career centers in higher education institutions (4)
  • Regional employment offices (15)
other guidance networks
Other guidance networks
  • Youth Information Centres
  • Other labour market services
  • Mobility network
  • Counselling centres for pupils with special needs (speech therapist, psychologists, social pedagogues, special education teacher)
  • School psychologists and activity leaders in schools
thank you
Thank you!

More information:

Margit Rammo

National Resource Centre for Guidance

Head of Unit

+372 699 80 58

[email protected]