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Validation of Ethical Decision-Making Measures: Internal and External Validity. Jason H. Hill University of Oklahoma Center for Applied Social Research. Researchers. Professors -Dr. Michael Mumford -Dr. Shane Connelly -Dr. Lynn Devenport -Dr. Ryan Brown Graduate Students

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validation of ethical decision making measures internal and external validity

Validation of Ethical Decision-Making Measures: Internal and External Validity

Jason H. Hill

University of Oklahoma

Center for Applied Social Research

researchers
Researchers
  • Professors

-Dr. Michael Mumford -Dr. Shane Connelly

-Dr. Lynn Devenport -Dr. Ryan Brown

  • Graduate Students

-Stephen Murphy -Alison Antes

-Ethan Waples

current measures
Current Measures
  • Integrity in scientific research is difficult to assess
  • Responses to ethical dilemmas
    • Complex
    • Field Specific
    • Personal Values vs. Professional Goals
  • Research suggests that ethical decision-making measures are effective for assessing integrity
study intent
Study Intent
  • Validate Ethical Decision-Making Measure
    • Substantive Frameworks
    • Potential Causes of Ethical Decision-Making
      • Exposure to Ethical Events
    • Potential Outcomes of Ethical Decisions
      • Reactions to Ethical Misconduct
methodology
Methodology
  • Sample
    • 102 first year Ph.D. students
  • Measures
    • Ethical Decision-Making
    • Individual Difference Measures
    • Ethical Events
      • 93 events across four EDM domains
      • Rated frequency of events exposure
    • Review Panel Task
      • 8 incidents of misconduct
ethical decision making
Ethical Decision-Making
  • Twelve scenarios
  • Scenarios map directly to taxonomy
    • Ethical issues people encounter
      • Data Management
      • Study Conduct
      • Business Practices
      • Professional Practices
  • Multiple responses under each stem (2)
    • Responses scored on ethicality
      • Low (1) Moderate (2) High (3)
slide7
McNair is part of a team working on an NIMH-funded project tracking the effectiveness of her State’s mental health care program for the poor. The longitudinal study requires extensive interviews on a yearly basis of a large sample, and the team is running behind schedule. The project director wants to accelerate the pace, but McNair has several other pressing responsibilities and is afraid she may not be able to meet them all.
slide8
McNair knows that she will have to find some way to get all the interviews done on time or future funding for the project may be in jeopardy. She thinks up several different approaches she could take to get the interviews done on time. Choose the two best approaches from the following:

-Sample Responses

  • Interview the individuals at their homes after work hours and on weekends
  • Ask all participants to come in on one day and do a large-scale interview with everyone
  • Ask the project director if she can train a second interviewer to help her
alternative scoring
Alternative Scoring
  • Seven Decision-Making Strategies
      • Recognize Circumstances
      • Consideration of Others
      • Deal with Emotions
      • Analysis of Personal Motivations
      • Anticipating Consequences
      • Seeking Help
      • Questioning One’s Judgment
  • Extent to which response reflects decision-making strategies
alternative scoring10
Alternative Scoring
  • Seven Social Behavioral Dimensions
      • Involvement of others
      • Deception
      • Avoidance of Personal Responsibility
      • Active Involvement
      • Retaliation
      • Selfishness
      • Closing Oneself to Opportunities for Future Action
  • Extent to which response reflects social behaviors giving rise to each decision
analyses
Analyses
  • Correlations of Cognitive Decision-Making Strategies and Social Behavioral Dimensions with EDM
  • Correlations of EDM measure with Individual Differences
  • Correlations and Regressions of EDM measure with exposure to Events
  • Correlations and Regressions of EDM with Review Panel Decisions
summary
Summary
  • Present study provides validity evidence for our measure
    • Cognitive Strategies and Social Psychological Dimensions
    • Causes of Ethical Decision-Making relate as expected
      • Individual Differences
      • Exposure to Unethical Events
    • Ethical Decision-Making relates to punitive attitudes of violators
implications
Implications
  • EDM measure provides unique and effective approach to measure integrity
  • Cognitive Decision-Making Strategies and Social Behaviors can account for ethical responding