Teacher Certification Update Office of Professional Preparation Services 2008 www.michigan.gov/teachercert
Office of Professional Preparation Services • Information Available on Website: • Teacher certification reference manual • Teacher certification verification site • Applications for certification • School Safety legislation information • Highly Qualified information • Other important certification information
Michigan Teacher Certification • Michigan certificates expire on June 30th of any given year • Renewals can be applied for anytime after January 1 of the year in which it expires without any loss of validity
Michigan Teacher Certification • Types of Certificates: • Provisional (Initial) teaching certificate: • Valid for up to 6 years • May be renewed twice (each renewal valid for approx. 3 years) • FIRST renewal requires 9 semester credit hours, since the issuance of the initial certificate, in a planned program or a master’s degree or higher earned at any time • SECOND renewal requires 18 semester credit hours
Michigan Teacher Certification • Advancement to the Professional Certificate • 18 semester credits in a planned program since the issuance of the initial certificate, or a master’s degree (or higher) earned at any time • 3 years of satisfactory experience within the validity of the teaching certificate • 3-6 credits of reading or reading methods (may be a part of original teacher prep program) • NEW 3 semester credit reading diagnostics requirement (effective July 1, 2009)
Michigan Teaching Certificates • Certificate types: • Professional Education (Advanced) Certificate: • Valid for up to 5 ½ years • Renewed for an additional 5 years based on meeting the continuing education requirement (no extensions are given) • Completion of 6 semester hours of credit at any 4-year or community college listed in the Directory of Michigan Institutions of Higher Education OR at an approved out-of-state university • Earned 18 State Board-Continuing Education Units • Or a combination of semester credits and SB-CEUs
Michigan Teacher Certification National Board for Professional Teaching Standards • Meets Michigan's definition of a Highly Qualified teacher under NCLB • Strengthens teaching practice • Improves student learning according to a vast majority of research • Increases financial opportunities in some Michigan school districts • Contributes to SB-CEU/certification renewal requirements • Michigan certificates match the validity of the NBPTS certificate (approx. 10 years)
Michigan Teaching Certificates • Two Levels of Certificates: • Elementary certificates are valid for any K-5 teaching assignment. May teach all subjects K-5 and in a self-contained classroom grades 6-8 all subjects. May teach a specific subject grades 6-8 ONLY when issued the appropriate endorsement • Certain elementary certificates (Permanent and Continuing), no longer issued but remain valid, may teach all subjects grades K-8 • An endorsement for grade 9 is also valid for grades K-8
Michigan Teaching Certificates • Levels Continued: • Secondary Teaching Certificate: • Valid for a 6-12 assignment in a subject for which the appropriate endorsement has been earned • May only be used to teach subjects for which an endorsement is earned NOTE: An out-of-field assignment (no endorsement earned) is considered out of compliance with Section 380.1531 of School Code and is subject to a State Aid penalty as prescribed in Section 388.1763 of the State Aid Act
Michigan Vocational Teaching Certificates • Interim Occupation Authorization: • The initial vocational certificate: • Valid for up to 6 years • Valid only for the vocational teaching assignment designated on the certificate- may not be used to teach in a general education assignment unless the teacher ALSO holds a valid provisional or professional education certificate • Must complete the academic requirements and the appropriate vocational teaching experience to advance in certification
Michigan Vocational Teaching Certificates • Occupational Education Certificate • The advanced level vocational certificate: • Valid for 5 years from the year of issue • Valid for the vocational area designated on the certificate. May not be used to teach a comparable general education class without a valid provisional/professional education certificate • Must meet the continuing education requirement for advanced certificate renewal
Michigan Vocational Teaching Certificates • Annual Occupational Authorization: • A one year employment permit for persons who will be teaching state-approved career & tech ed programs in grades 9-12 • Must be able to demonstrate recent and relevant work experience in the vocational area (requires 4000 hours of experience) • Valid to teach only in the area designated • May be renewed yearly by posting and advertising
Michigan Vocational Teaching Certificates • Annual Authorizations Credit Track The requirement for posting and advertising may be waived if a person is on a “credit track” working towards vocational certification. The candidate can be on the credit track for a maximum of eight consecutive years provided the teacher continuously completes at least once credit each year towards vocational certification at an approved teacher education institution.
Michigan Teaching Certificates • Other valid types of certificates: • Life • Permanent • Continuing Education (both 18 HR & 30 HR) • Temporary Vocational Authorization • Full Vocational • Also issue a School Counselor License
Michigan School Counselor • School Counselor Endorsement: • The endorsement (NT) is displayed on a valid provisional or professional education certificate • Teaching certificate must be renewed by meeting the continuing education requirements • The counselor with an endorsement may attain tenure as a counselor by successfully completing a probationary period (4 years) beginning with the 2005-2006 school year OR if they were eligible for the tenure prior to P.A. 288 (July 10, 2000) • Tenure is not portable between districts, but the probationary period is reduced to two years
Michigan School Counselor • Preliminary Employment Authorization: • Issued to a candidate for an endorsement or licensure • Valid for 3 years from the date of issuance and is nonrenewable • Must be presently enrolled and making progress toward completion of program • Completed at least 30 semester hours in the program • Recommended by the sponsoring institution
Michigan School Counselor • School Counselor License: • Does not possess a teaching certificate • Completed the school counselor preparation program at an approved institution • Completed an approved program outside of the state of Michigan • May be renewed every 5 years by completing the continuing education requirement • May not attain tenure in the district
School Counselor Preparation Programs • There are 12 Michigan institutions of higher education that have been approved to offer a school counselor preparation program: • Andrews University Central Michigan • Eastern Michigan Grand Valley State • Michigan State Northern Michigan • Oakland University Siena Heights • Spring Arbor U of Detroit-Mercy • Wayne State Western Michigan
Michigan School Psychologists • Preliminary School Psychologist Certificate: • Valid for 3 years during which time the school psychologist must complete a specialist degree from an approved school psychologist program or an additional 15 semester hours beyond the master’s and a supervised internship under the direction of a Michigan School Psychologist. • The certificate may be renewed once for an additional 3 years upon the completion of 6 semester credits of appropriate coursework.
Michigan School Psychologist • School Psychologist Certificate: • Valid for 5 years and may be renewed upon completion of the continuing education requirement (6 semester credits or 18 SB-CEUs in an area appropriate for role as a school psychologist) • May not attain tenure as a school psychologist
Michigan School Psychologist • Out-of-state applicants may apply for a Michigan School Psychologist certificate if the candidate has successfully completed the national certification program, and has at least one year of experience as a school psychologist, otherwise the candidate is only eligible for the Preliminary School Psychologist certificate • Michigan Institutions with a School Psychologist preparation program: • Andrews University • Central Michigan • Michigan State • University of Detroit-Mercy • Wayne State University
Teaching Permits • Full Year Permit: • may ONLY be issued after the teaching position has been posted and advertised and no appropriately certified candidate is available for the position • candidate must have a bachelor’s or higher degree from an approved teacher preparation institution • If the assignment is a core academic subject area (as defined by NCLB), the candidate must have a major in the subject area to be taught OR must have passed the appropriate state approved subject area test. (NCLB requirements also apply for Full Year Permits in special education.) • renewable for up to 2 years without reposting the position if the teacher completes at least 6 additional semester hours of credit each school year toward appropriate certification and has been assigned a mentor teacher
Teaching Permits • Emergency Permits: • When a district cannot find an appropriately certified candidate or an individual who meets Full Year Permit requirements to fill a vacancy and the students education is in jeopardy, an emergency permit may be issued. • Emergency permits are valid only for the school year for which they are approved. • Emergency permits are NOT approved for core subject areas. • They may be renewed only if there is sufficient evidence that the emergency situation continues to exist.
Teaching Permits • 1233b Permit: • Issued to a district to employ an individual in grades 9-12 in one of the following disciplines: mathematics, biology, chemistry, physics, engineering, robotics, computer science or a foreign language • Requirements: • Bachelor’s degree • Major or degree in the subject • Two or more years of occupational experience within the last 5 years (exception – foreign language) • Posting and advertising *above requirements may be waived under certain conditions. • May be renewed if the individual is continually enrolled and completing credit towards appropriate certification AND has passed both the Basic Skills MTTC and subject area MTTC
Teaching Permits • Day-to-Day Substitute Permit: • Issued to the district to employ an individual in a short-term assignment (defined as 90 calendar days or less in the same classroom for the entire school year) to replace the teacher of record • Individual must have earned at least 90 semester credits consolidated at a four-year regionally accredited institution of higher education • The individual DOES NOT need to meet the definition of a Highly Qualified teacher when assigned to a core academic subject NOTE: After four consecutive weeks in the placement the 4-Week Notification letter must be sent to parents if the teacher is not Highly Qualified.
Administrator Certification • Legislation signed by the governor provides for a voluntary school administrator certificate to be issued by the MDE. • The certificate may display endorsements for: • Elementary • Secondary • Central Office • The certificate may also display specialty endorsements or enhancements.
Administrator Certification • Individuals previously certified as a school administrator in Michigan will be eligible to apply for a voluntary reactivation of the certificate. The previous certificate will be matched as closely as possible with current endorsements. Applications will be accepted and evaluated until December 31, 2008. • Individuals who were previously certified as an administrator in another state or completed an approved out-of-state administrator preparation program will be eligible for a Michigan school administrator certificate when presenting evidence an out-of-state certification based on the completion of an approved preparation program.
Administrator Certification • Individuals who have completed an administrator preparation program at a Michigan institution during the time period 1996 through August 2006 must work through the university to be recommended for certification. Those recommendations will be accepted until December 31, 2008. • Individuals who are currently completing an approved administrator preparation program may be recommended for certification by the university.
Administrator Certification • Individuals who have not completed an administrator preparation program or not previously certified as an administrator in Michigan or another state may not obtain a Michigan school administrator certificate. • The school administrator certificate is voluntary and not required by the Michigan Department of Education for employment as a school administrator in Michigan. • The school administrator certificate is voluntary and not required by the Michigan Department of Education. It can be a condition of employment by a hiring school district.
Administrator Eligibility for Employment • Administrators are required to meet the following continuing education requirement to be eligible to maintain employment by a school district: • During the 5 years following the initial date of hire, or 5 years from the expiration of a Michigan School Administrator certificate, have completed 6 semester credits relevant to the assignment at a post-secondary institution of higher education • Completed 18 State Board Continuing Education Units (SB-CEUs) or a combination of semester credits and SB-CEUs • Administrators holding a valid school administrator certificate are considered to have met this requirement. • The statute does not authorize exceptions to the requirement.
Nullification • Certificate or Endorsement Nullifications: • The law regarding the nullification of a certificate/endorsement was amended on January 3, 2007. • Upon receipt by the MDE of a request from a teacher, a teaching certificate/endorsement may be nullified only if the teacher is able to demonstrate that the teacher has not been assigned to teach the subject during the past 12 years. • Once nullified, the teacher is no longer able to have the certificate/endorsement reinstated.
No Child Left Behind Act • Highly Qualified Teachers: • NCLB requires school districts to only assign a Highly Qualified teacher to teach a core academic subject beginning with fall classes in 2006-2007. • The core academic subjects are: • Any teacher who provides direct instruction in a core academic class must be Highly Qualified for the assignment. • English/Reading/Language Arts • Mathematics • Science • Foreign Languages • Government/Civics • History • Geography • Economics • The Arts (Music, Visual Art, Dance • & Theatre)
No Child Left Behind Act • Highly Qualified Teacher: • Demonstrating Competence: • At least an earned bachelor’s degree • Full state certification, including appropriate endorsements or authorizations • ONE of the following: • An academic major or its equivalent (30 cr.) • Successful testing in the subject • An advanced degree in the subject or related to the teaching of the subject • National Board Certification • Any of the HOUSSE options
No Child Left Behind Act • Highly Qualified Teachers: • ELEMENTARY special education teachers who provide direct instruction (the sole provider of instruction) in a core academic subject must be Highly Qualified to teach the subject. The options to demonstrate competence are: • Take and pass the MTTC general elementary test • Identify they have completed the 18 semester credit hours towards the advancement of their certificate (HOUSSE option #1) • Complete a specific portfolio available to special education teachers to cover all content the teacher may be asked to teach to special education students (HOUSSE option #3) • National Board Certification
No Child Left Behind • Highly Qualified Teachers • SECONDARY special education teachers assigned to a class where they provide direct instruction in a core academic subject must be Highly Qualified for the subject. Options to demonstrate competence are: • An academic major or the equivalent of an academic major (30 semester credits) • Pass the specific subject area MTTC • Appropriate National Board Certification • Completion of 18 semester credit hours in a planned program, or a master’s degree, that enhanced and strengthened their ability to teach the core subject area(s). (HOUSSE option #1) • Completion of 6 semester credit hours (or 90 pd hours) in the SPECIFIC core subject area within the past 5 years (HOUSSE option #2) • Completion of a single or multiple subject portfolio (HOUSSE option #3)
Alternative Education Teachers • Teachers in an Alternative Education Teaching Assignment: • Must demonstrate competence as a Highly Qualified teacher for any core academic subject • A teacher must hold a valid secondary teaching certificate (an elementary teacher employed in the position prior to October 25, 2005 may continue in the position) • In a self-contained setting the teacher must be certified and HQ in at least one core academic subject and may then use testing or any HOUSSE option to demonstrate competence in the remaining subjects • In a departmentalized setting the teacher must hold the appropriate subject area endorsement and be HQ
NCLB and Other Teaching Assignments • NCLB does not address teachers who are assigned to teach non-core academic classes • Examples: • Health • Physical Education • Computers (programming) • Computer Applications • Library Media • Family & Consumer Science • Sociology • Psychology • Vocational/Occupational Teachers NOT providing direct instruction, but providing support to a student in a general education setting OR facilitating instruction (i.e. NovaNet) do not need to meet the HQ requirements.
NCLB and School Code and Teaching Assignments • The NCLB Act requires districts to only assign a Highly Qualified teacher to teach a core academic subject. • A district may not assign a teacher who does not have the proper state authorization to teach a subject and be considered Highly Qualified. Such an assignment would be out-of-compliance with School Code (Section 380.1531) in addition to NCLB.
Certificate Endorsements • To obtain an endorsement to a Michigan teaching certificate, the teacher must complete BOTH the approved academic program and take and pass the appropriate MTTC tests. The teacher may not obtain the endorsement unless both conditions are met. • Taking the MTTC test for the purpose of demonstrating competence as a Highly Qualified teacher will not lead to the awarding of an endorsement. Note: MTTC test score reports will no longer identify the actual point score, but will only indicate if the test was passed or failed.
The Full Range of Law and Standards Governing Teacher Preparation • Michigan Compiled Law • Administrative Rules Governing the Certification of Michigan Teachers (2006) • Professional Standards for Michigan Teachers and Profile of Teacher Knowledge and Skills (2008) • Elementary Certificate Program Standards (2008) • Reading Standards for All Elementary Teachers • Specialty Area Endorsement Standards (for authorization to teach specific content/specialty area in a departmentalized setting or as a specialist) • Early Childhood Education (ZA) Standards (2008)
Focus in All Standards • National Standards • SBE Policies and Documents • Alignment with Michigan’s K-12 content expectations • Teaching all students in an inclusive classroom • Technology for teaching, learning and management • Collaboration and Professional Development
PROFESSIONAL STANDARDS FOR MICHIGAN TEACHERS (PSMT) Expectations of Teachers upon Entry into the Profession
Standard 2.INSTRUCTIONAL DESIGN AND ASSESSMENT Facilitation of learning and achievement of all students (in accordance with the SBE Universal Education Vision and Principles), including the ability to:
76-86 credits minimum Elementary Certificate Standards OPTION 1 Core Subject:The teacher preparation institution must provide student advising that assures candidates successfully accomplish all elements within the option before recommendation for certification. Authorization to Teach ● Major (30 credits minimum) or 2 minors (40 credits minimum) of the following: ● Integrated Science, ● Elementary Mathematics, ● Social Studies, ● English Language Arts, or ● Reading May take the Michigan Test for Teacher Certification (MTTC) Specialty Area Endorsement Departmentalized instruction in grades K-8 PLUS AND Authorization to Teach A planned program (20 credits minimum) that incorporates the other core content areas not in the major or 2 minors AND Health, Physical Education, Music, World Language and the Arts. Must take the Michigan Test for Teacher Certification (MTTC) Elementary Education Self-Contained Grades K-8 Classroom PLUS Professional sequence (20 credits minimum): these courses are guided by the Professional Standards for Michigan Teachers (PSMT) which address pedagogy and field experiences. Plus the 6 credits of Reading Courses.
91 -101 credits minimum Elementary Certificate Standards OPTION 2 Comprehensive Major: The teacher preparation institution must provide student advising that assures candidates successfully accomplish all elements within the option before recommendation for certification. Comprehensive Major ( 45 credits minimum) Must include courses in the all of the following: • Integrated Science, • Mathematics, • Social Studies, • Language Arts, • Health, • Physical Education, • World Languages, and • The Arts Authorization to Teach Must take the Michigan Test for Teacher Certification (MTTC) Elementary Education Self-Contained Classroom Grades K-8 AND PLUS Authorization to Teach Departmentalized instruction in grades K-8, or with specialty knowledge K-12, or birth to age 8, or Grades 6-8. May take the Michigan Test for Teacher Certification (MTTC) Specialty Area Endorsement • A minimum of a minor (20 credits minimum) in one of the following: • A World Language, or • A student-centered specialty area: • English as a Second Language, Bilingual Education, Special Education (K-12), • Early Childhood (Birth- age 8), or • Middle Level (Grades 6-8). Professional sequence (20 credits minimum): these courses are guided by the Professional Standards for Michigan Teachers (PSMT) which address pedagogy and field experiences. Plus the 6 credits of Reading Courses. PLUS
Early Childhood Education (ZA) • The Early Childhood Education major or minor may be utilized to complete an elementary certification program through option 2 of the elementary certificate standards. • Completion of an Early Childhood Education major must include a minimum of 30 semester credit hours. • Completion of an Early Childhood Education minor must be at least 20 semester credit hours. • In order to keep a focus on highly qualified elementary teachers, the following core content specialty areas must be evident in the program (Reading, Language Arts, Mathematics, Integrated Science, World Languages, Social Studies, and Fine Arts). • The Early Childhood Education endorsement may be added to a secondary certificate only in combination with a special education endorsement to allow for employment in an early childhood developmentally delayed placement. • To add an Early Childhood Education endorsement to an existing elementary certificate, the program must be at least 26 semester credit hours with 14 of those semester credit hours addressing learning related to birth through age 8 children.
Qualified Paraprofessionals • The NCLB Act requires paraprofessionals employed for instructional support in a Title I funded position or in a building with a Title I school-wide designation to have demonstrated knowledge of and the ability to assist in the instruction of: • reading, • writing, and • mathematics by June 30, 2006 or prior to placement.
Paraprofessionals • A paraprofessional new hire, defined as someone not previously employed in any capacity by the district, must be qualified at the time of employment. • All current district employees were expected to be qualified by the end of the 2005-2006 school year.
Paraprofessionals • Paraprofessionals may qualify by one of the following methods: • Possess an associates degree or higher • Have completed the equivalent of 2 years of college (60 semester credits) • Take and pass one of these approved tests: • MTTC Basic Skills • WorkKeys Tests • The ETS ParaPro Assessment
Paraprofessionals • Paraprofessionals have also been provided an opportunity to demonstrate knowledge of and ability to assist in instruction through the use of a portfolio process. • Portfolios were to be completed and accepted by the district by the end of the 2005-2006 school year. • The portfolio is no longer an option available to paraprofessionals.