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Water Security in Iraq Damascus 15 Sep 2010. Dr. Hassan Janabi Iraq’s Ambassador to the UN Agencies in Rome. Irrigated Agriculture. Central Marshes. What is Water Security?. Accessibility in time and space. Utilization of the resource to achieve economic development.

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water security in iraq damascus 15 sep 2010
Water Security in IraqDamascus 15 Sep 2010

Dr. Hassan Janabi

Iraq’s Ambassador to the

UN Agencies in Rome

Irrigated Agriculture

Central Marshes

what is water security

What is Water Security?

Accessibility in time and space.

Utilization of the resource to achieve economic development.

Managing the resources sustainably to ensure the right quantity and quality.

what is water security con td

What is Water Security? Con’td

4. Water Sharing Agreement with riparian countries.

5. Environmental protection.

6. Balancing the demand on the resource.

slide4

Countries contributing to

Tigris R.

Marshes

Countries contributing to

Euphrates R.

Turkey

Duhok

Tigris

Mosul

Erbil

Sulaimaniya

Kirkuk

48 BCM

Euphrates

Syria

Karkha R.

Tikrit

28BCM

Baquba

Max Demand

Iran

Ramadi

Baghdad

Storing period

Jordan

Kut

Hilla

Karbala

Amara

Diwaniya

Najaf

M.O.D

Samaw

Nassirriya

Basra

Saudi Arabia

Kuwait

slide5

Control Structures

Mosul Dam

Tharthar Outlet Regulator

Dokan Dam

Dohuk Dam

Adhaim Dam

Tigris

Haditha Dam

Current Total Storage: 157 BCM

Derbendikham Dam

Hemrin Dam

Tharthar Outlet Regulator

Euphrates

Tigris – Euphrates Regulator

Ramadi Barrage

Ramadi Barrage

Diyala Weir

Shatt Al-Arab

Gharaff Regulator

Fallujah Barrage

Kut Barrage

slide6

Ataturk 50 BCM

1990

Kerekaya 10 BCM

1987

Kiban 31 BCM

1975

Biricik 1.2 BCM

2000

Kerkamish

0.2 BCM1999

Tishreen 2 BCM

1999

Duz 3.5 BCM

1962

Tabqa 12 BCM

1975

Karun 14 BCM

2001-2006

(Series of dams)

Kerkha 8 BCM

2001

Dam Construction since mid 1970s

UNCLASSIFIED

storage volumes
Storage Volumes
  • Turkish Storages
    • 92BCM on Euphrates
    • 17BCM on Tigris (planned)
  • Syrian Storages
    • 14.5BCM on Euphrates
    • 1.5BCM from Tigris (Previous agreement)
how water security in iraq is being impacted

How Water Security in Iraq is being impacted?

Intensive construction of dams.

Wars, particularly Iraq-Iran war and the occupation of Kuwait.

Draining of the marshes.

Pollution and degradation of water quality.

Fast urbanization.

High rate of water use (twice the population growth rate).

how water security in iraq is being impacted cont d

How Water Security in Iraq is being impacted?...Cont’d

Lack of long term water sharing agreement between riparian countries, Iraq, Syria, Turkey & Iran.

Unsustainable approach in managing water resources in the upper reaches of Euphrates and Tigris rivers basins.

iraq water requirement
Iraq Water Requirement
  • Iraq has 22 million donum of cultivable land
    • 13 million donum are currently cultivated.
    • 4.3 million are equiped with irrigation and drainage network.
  • Water requirement in Iraq is estimated at 70 BCM per annum
the way forward
The way forward
  • Strict national water management strategy based on IWRM principles
  • Long term water sharing agreement.
  • Basin-wide & regional approaches to mitigate and adapt to climate change
slide16

Water Security in Iraq

  • Thank you
  • Dr. Hassan Janabi
  • Iraq’s Ambassador to the
  • UN Agencies in Rome