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Special Session on Africa. Changing context: renewed optimism. Growth accelerates from early 80s North & West Africa do well Less net taxation the cause?. Changing context …. Conflict reduced Regional institutions ever stronger Renewed commitment to agriculture CAADP, AGRA Donor promises

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Presentation Transcript
changing context renewed optimism
Changing context: renewed optimism

Growth accelerates from early 80s

North & West Africa do well

Less net taxation the cause?

changing context
Changing context …
  • Conflict reduced
  • Regional institutions ever stronger
    • Renewed commitment to agriculture
      • CAADP, AGRA
      • Donor promises
  • Better business environment
  • Potential of land
  • Market opportunities:
    • Large domestic & regional
    • Exports, including biofuel
facing challenges
Facing challenges …
  • Challenges:
    • Widening technology gap
    • Slow development of markets for inputs, outputs
    • Slow regional integration
    • Shortcomings in governance & institutions,
    • Conflicts
    • HIV/AIDS and other diseases
    • Climate change
realising opportunities policy pointers
… & Realising OpportunitiesPolicy Pointers
  • Macro Policy & Investment climate
    • ↓Remaining net taxation in Africa
    • Level international playing field
    • ↑Regional integration
  • Rural Public Goods: roads to market; ag research & extension; rural schools & health
  • Remedy market failures
    • … including rural financial systems & reduced risks
  • Futures for small farmers
    • Not all will farm in 20/50 years time
    • Provide options & livelihoods in rural & urban economy
  • Rebuild public capacity
    • Effective decentralisation
discussion points
Discussion points
  • Why has agricultural performance in much of Africa been disappointing?
    • What went wrong?
    • Correcting past mistakes?
  • What is potential for Africa to ensure food security?
  • Potential of smallholder agriculture for agricultural growth & poverty reduction.
    • How will transitions in farming affect smallholders?
    • How should they be assisted?
  • Priorities for technological change.
    • Does Africa need a Green Revolution?
    • What would be the elements?
  • Institutional & policy changes to support farmers & others in agri-food value chain. Creating a +ve environment for investment.