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ICPD Beyond 2014 Global Report. Global Survey & Operational Review Kwabena Osei-Danquah Executive Coordinator ICPD Beyond 2014 Secretariat. Background.

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icpd beyond 2014 global report

ICPD Beyond 2014 Global Report

Global Survey & Operational Review

KwabenaOsei-Danquah

ExecutiveCoordinator

ICPD Beyond 2014 Secretariat

slide2

Background

General Assembly Resolution 65/234 on the follow-up to the ICPD beyond 2014 mandates UNFPA, in cooperation with all relevant organizations of the UN system and other relevant international organizations, as well as institutions and experts, to

“undertake an operational review of the implementation of the Programme of Action (PoA) on the basis of the highest-quality data and analysis of the state of population and development, taking into account the need for a systematic, comprehensive and integrated approach to population and development issues”.

“respond to new challenges relevant to population and development and to the changing development environment, and reinforcing the integration of the population and development agenda in global processes related to development”

global survey

Objectives

Global Survey
  • Assess the implementation status of the commitments made in Cairo in 1994.
  • Identify barriers and success factors in implementation, priorities and new issues.
  • Stimulate multi-stakeholder/ sectoral dialogues at country level in an effort to:
    • Foster a shared understanding of achievements, successes and challenges.
    • Identify opportunities to fast track what is lagging behind.
    • Strengthen and broaden partnerships around ICPD issues.
slide4

Survey Tools

Country

Implementation

Profile

slide5

Survey Tools

CIP indicator database

ICPD Global Survey

african human rights protection systems are expanding since icpd
African Human Rights protection Systems are Expanding since ICPD

Ratification Status

Protocol to the African Charter on Human and Peoples’ Rights on the Rights of Women in Africa (1995; e.i.f. 2005)

  • Promotes women’s rights to development,

education, employment, land rights & inheritance

  • Promotes reproductive rights, protection within

marriage/divorce & widowhood

African Youth Charter (2006; e.i.f. 2009)

  • Only regional youth-centered binding instrument
  • Promotes youth empowerment, participation
  • Encourages non-discrimination, freedom of expression, reproductive health, HIV/AIDS

Signed & ratified (28 states)

Signed not ratified (18 states)

Not signed or ratified (8 states)

Ratified (28 states)

Signed (39 states)

Not Signed (6 States)

dignity
Dignity

DIGNITY

  • Wealth
  • Education
  • Employment
  • Discrimination
  • Women
  • Youth
  • Older Persons
  • Disabled Persons
  • Migrants
  • Indigenous Persons
  • Minorities…..

Equality & Rights

institutions established renewed to address gender equality women s empowerment global survey 2012
Institutions established / renewed to address gender equality & women’s empowerment(Global Survey, 2012)
slide11
Support for girls university education is not matched by high support for other aspects of women’s equality in African countries

Source of data: World Values Surveys, 5th wave (2004-2009)

of governments addressing equality in work family life global survey 2012
% of Governments Addressing Equality in Work & Family Life ? (Global Survey 2012)

85% Commitments or laws against workplace discrimination of women

64% Policy commitments to work/family balance

90% Maternity leave

54% Paternity leave

41% Breastfeeding in the public workplace

~ All 5 policies & provisions? 18.7%(26/113)

trends in adolescent birth rate by income group girl literacy rate in 2000 15 19 yrs
Trends in Adolescent Birth Rate by income group, girl literacy rate in 2000 (15-19 yrs)

Source: UN Population Division World Fertility Database, UNESCO Education Statistics Database and additional analysis UNFPA

small but widespread declines in of women 15 49 yrs who have undergone fgm c
Small, but widespread declines in % of women (15-49 yrs) who have undergone FGM/C

* = MICS data; all other data from DHS.

Source: Feldman-Jacobs C and Clifton D. Female genital mutilation/cutting: data and trends – update 2010. Population Reference Bureau, 2010.

dignity1
Dignity

HEALTH

  • Aggregate Gains
  • Spatial & Social Inequalities
  • Sexual & Reproductive Health Outcomes
  • Services (AAAQ)

Equality & Rights

skilled birth attendance increased 15 worldwide 1990 2010 dhs mics
Skilled Birth Attendance increased ~ 15% worldwide, 1990-2010 (DHS, MICS)

Percentage of women who had a skilled attendant (doctor, nurse or mid-wife) at birth, 1990 and 2010

Source: UN Millennium Development Goals 2012 Report Statistical Annex

slide19

Select African Countries: Stagnancy / increasing inequalities in Skilled Attendance

contraceptive p revalence rate cpr increased 10 world wide 1990 2010
Contraceptive Prevalence Rate (CPR) increased ~ 10% world-wide, 1990-2010

Percentage of married (or in union) women 15 – 49 years who are using modern method of contraceptive, 1994 and 2014

Source: UN Department of Economic and Social Affairs, World Contraceptive Use 2012

africa government priorities for sexual reproductive health
Africa: Government Priorities for Sexual & Reproductive Health
  • Maternal & Child Health (71%)
  • HIV & STI related services (56%)
  • SRH Services for Adolescents & Youth (56%)
  • Family Planning (46%)
  • Reproductive Cancers (42%)
dignity2
Dignity

PLACE

  • Spatial & Social Inequalities
  • Internal Migration
  • Urbanization
  • International Migration
  • Displacement, Homelessness

Equality & Rights

trends projections in urban rural population by development group 1950 2050 un population division
Trends & projections in urban &rural population by development group, 1950–2050 (UN Population Division)
global government priorities for urbanization
Global: Government Priorities for Urbanization
  • Improving the Quality of Urban Life (51%)
  • Develop Urban Planning Policies (48%)
  • Develop Small & Medium Urban Centers (32%)
dignity3
Dignity

GOVERNANCE

  • Participation
  • Knowledge
  • Cooperation
  • Integrate Population Planning
  • Partner with Youth & Non-State Actors
  • Strengthen Data & Knowledge Systems
  • Expand Resource Flows

Equality & Rights

of governments addressing the participation of key population groups in decision making
% of Governments addressing the participation of key population groups in decision-making

76% Adolescents and youth

73% Women

61% Persons with disabilities

47% Older persons

~ All 4 key population groups? 21.7%(30/138)

dignity4
Dignity

SUSTAINABILITY

  • Social
  • Economic
  • Environmental
  • Population growth
  • Economic growth
  • Environmental and social costs
  • The problem of inequality
  • Climate change
  • Paths to sustainability

Equality & Rights

emissions consumption
Emissions / Consumption

1 person

1 unit of emission

africa government priorities for sustainable development
Africa: Government Priorities for Sustainable Development
  • Social sustainability, poverty reduction & rights (69%)
  • Environmental sustainability (55%)
  • Integrate population dynamics into development planning (49%)
  • Health & education (39%)
  • Physical infrastructure (33%)
slide30

ICPD Review Reports

Based on the results of the review, two reports will be prepared:

1- A long global report capturing data from national, regional and other sources for the 47th session of the Commission on Population and Development (CPD) in 2014;

2- A shorter report by the Secretary-General, derived from the global report, for the United Nations General Assembly Special Session (UNGASS) of the same year.