Commercial Furniture. The Quickbourner Team. Germany, 1959. Two brothers developed the concept of open office layout and brought the idea to the US in 1967. They believed that many offices hindered work productivity. Their designs promoted good communication and flow.
The Quickbourner Team • Germany, 1959. Two brothers developed the concept of open office layout and brought the idea to the US in 1967. • They believed that many offices hindered work productivity. Their designs promoted good communication and flow. • Referred to a office landscaping. • Their plans were based upon a systems analysis of work flow and communication. • The layout was very free and non-rectilinear.
The Quickbourner Team • People in frequent contact with each other were placed close together. • Many acoustical problems were attempted to be corrected by the use of carpet, plants and acoustical ceiling tiles • This new approach of “landscape” planning had a tremendous impact on the way offices were to be designed. They were flexible, efficient, open and informal. • Americans, however, were slow to accept the idea because they didn’t want to give up their hardwall office, which were status symbols to the executives.
Robert Propst • Hired by Herman Miller, Inc. in 1960 • A researcher and inventor • Developed Action Office I for Herman Miller and introduced it in 1964. • A panel based system using a vertical approach • Despite what the modern office has become, his goal was to get away from boxes and corridors. • The use of the panels violated the Quickborner concept but was widely accepted as open office landscaping.
“Grade A” Systems Manufacturers • Haworth, Inc. : Unigroup, Premise, and Compose • Steelcase : Series 9000, Avenir, Answer, Kick • Herman Miller: Action Office, Ethospace, Resolve • Allsteel: Stride, Terrace, Concensys • Teknion: T/O/S, Leverage, Transit, District • Knoll: Dividends, Equity, Morrison, Reff, AutoStrada • Kimball: Cetra, Traxx, Footprint
Types of Modular Furniture • Systems Furniture- Panel Based (Universal connectors or handed connectors) • Desking Systems (no panels) • Spine Based (hybrid)
Panel Based System • Monolithic • Stacked or Segmented • Off-modular
Panel Terminology • Monolithic • Raceway • Topcap • Siderail • Honeycomb core • Monocoque Construction • Adjustable levelors/glides • Carpet grippers
Top Cap, Side Rail and Corner Post • Side rails showing “slots” to hang components into. • Corner post
Variable height connectors • Variable Ht. Connectors • Covers exposed panel end when using two different panel heights
Electrical Systems • Haworth has an 8 Wire System • 3 Hot, 3 Neutrals, 1 ground and 1 Isolated Ground • Max 16 amps per circuit • All manufacturers have a different system
Panel System • Top Channel Raceway
Electrical Systems Lay-inPower Base RacewayBeltline PowerPorted PanelFlex ConnectorProgrammable Receptacle
Non-Panel Based Systems • Desking • Benching • Storage based – Spine Planning Guide : http://www.knoll.com/media/9/797/TemplatePlanningIdeas,0.pdf
Conventional vs. Spine Conventional vs. Spine