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East Jerusalem Humanitarian Overview June 2010 PowerPoint Presentation
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East Jerusalem Humanitarian Overview June 2010 - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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East Jerusalem Humanitarian Overview June 2010
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  1. East Jerusalem Humanitarian Overview June 2010

  2. The Planning Crisis in East Jerusalem

  3. Palestinian built-up area Settlement E1 project Jerusalem – Restricted space BARRIER Constructed 1987 2005 Under construction Planned

  4. Shrinking Space for Palestinians in E. Jerusalem Restrictive planning Restrictive permit regime Shortfall of about 1,100 HU/year

  5. Building Conditions in East Jerusalem Palestinian construction severely limited: Reduced space for development of communities No construction in “green” or unplanned areas Detailed plan necessary for permit Public infrastructure required Plot ratio limits in planned areas High fees to obtain a permit Reduced space for development of communities

  6. House Demolitions in East Jerusalem 100 demolitions a year (av.) > 1,500 pending orders > 60,000 vulnerable

  7. Threatened Houses # 8 8 0 0 5 0 7 1 4 7 0 7 0 0 0 10 7 45 0 10 Tel Al Foul 75 threatened houses, 1000+ inhabitants Sheikh Jarrah Eviction orders: 28 houses, 500+ inhabitants Al Bustan 90 threatened houses, 1000 inhabitants Demolition site and no. of people displaced between 1 January and 23 April WadiYasul 50 threatened houses, 400 inhabitants Al ‘Abbasiya 34 threatened apartments, 242 inhabitants

  8. East Jerusalem, Silwan-Al Bustan

  9. East Jerusalem, Sheikh Jarrah • Settler attempts to take over land for expansion/ new settlements. • Land/property expropriated by court order, in contravention of international law. • Plans to build over 540 residential units and public/commercial buildings for settlers. • Over 50 Palestinian residents forcibly evicted • Estimated 500 at risk of displacement Al-Kurd Ghawi Hannoun Kubbania Um Haroun OCHA Office

  10. East Jerusalem

  11. Displacement and Eviction in 2009 & 2010

  12. Humanitarian Impact of the Barrier in EJ • Blocked access of West Bank residents to vital services in East Jerusalem • Communities and land “dislocated” • Economic and Cultural decline • Residency rights at jeopardy • Unemployment and poverty • Poor living conditions • Displacement

  13. The Barrier in East Jerusalem Started in June 2002 after an escalation of suicide bombings- issue is the route

  14. The Barrier WEST BANK Total Length: 709 km Within the West Bank 85% Constructed58% (413 km) Under Construction10% (73 km) Planned32% (223 km) Green Line

  15. East Jerusalem: Checkpoints for West Bank ID holders Qalandiya Olives Gilo

  16. Restricted Access Al-Ram/East Jerusalem – Formal commercial area

  17. Access to Health • All Jerusalem ID holders / West Bank and Gaza residents • Permits & access for West Bank patients, staff & ambulances to East Jerusalem hospitals • Problems of access for Jerusalem residents who live outside Barrier • Access problems within East Jerusalem due to ambulance escorts (ICRC/PRCS/MADA agreement) • Access to West Bank/Jerusalem hospitals for dislocated communities

  18. Access to Education • Permits & access for West Bank teachers /students to Jerusalem • Classroom shortage in Municipal system / Demolition / sealing of Al Waqf schools • Estimated 5-10,000 pupils not enrolled / high dropout rate • Access to West Bank/Jerusalem schools for dislocated communities

  19. Residency rights • Revocation of social benefits & Jerusalem ID cards • Family reunification • Registration of children • Municipal boundary vs. Barrier boundary

  20. ‘Dislocated’ communities & isolated land • West Bank Palestinian communities on ‘Jerusalem’ side of Barrier • East Jerusalem communities on ‘West Bank’ side of the Barrier • West Bank communities severed from their previously close ties to Jerusalem • West Bank land isolated on ‘Jerusalem side’ of Barrier

  21. Bethlehem Barrier Crossing 2008 Conclusions Humanitarian and economic recovery impeded by: • Barrier built in the WB, dividing East Jerusalem • Restrictive planning • Restricted access and lack of control over space