Chapter Photo. Chapter Transparency. The United States prevented Communist Takeovers in Guatemala in 1954, Bolivia in 1956, and Chile in 1973. Section 1 DYK. I. Economic and Political Developments (pages 650–653).
Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.
D. The OAS did not lead to the end of U.S. intervention in Latin America. This was mainly due to the fear of communism during the Cold War era. The U.S. kept a close watch on radical movements in Latin America and provided massive amounts of military aid to anti-communist regimes friendly to U.S. business interests, even if it meant backing dictators.Section 1 DLN-3
G. In the 1970s, Latin American countries began borrowing money from other nations. As the debt grew, economies crumbled, and soon many nations could not even pay the interest on their loans. This drove them to international organizations like the World Bank, who would loan the money only if certain reforms were made.Section 1 DLN-6
B. By 2000, 50 cities in Latin America and the Caribbean had more than a million people, many of whom are recent arrivals who live in slums or shantytowns.Section 1 DLN-10
D. Latin American societies are marked by an enormous gap between rich and poor.Section 1 DLN-12
Nobel Prize-winning author Gabriel García MárquezSection 1 DLN-15
D. The Cuban economy relied on Soviet aid and the purchase of Cuban sugar by Soviet bloc countries. When the Soviet Union collapsed, Cuba lost its support. Cuba’s economy has continued to decline.Section 2 DLN-6
B. The gap between the rich and the poor in Central America causes instability.
C. The fear of the spread of communism in the region caused the United States to support repressive regimes.Section 2 DLN-8
C. In the 1990s, a series of democratically elected presidents led to some stability in Brazil’s economy.Section 3 DLN-2
C. Perón died in 1974. A new military regime took power in 1976. To divert people’s attention from economic problems, the regime invaded the Falkland Islands but was defeated by Great Britain.Section 3 DLN-5
E. In 1970, Marxist Salvador Allende was elected president of Chile. He increased the wages of industrial workers and nationalized the largest domestic-owned corporations.Section 3 DLN-6
G. In 1973, fearful of Allende’s growing support, the Chilean army led by General Augusto Pinochet, overthrew Allende’s government. The military set up a dictatorship with Pinochet as its leader. Pinochet’s government was one of the most brutal in Chile’s history.
H. In 1989, free elections led to the defeat of Pinochet and to a more democratic system.Section 3 DLN-7
B. In 1968, General Juan Velasco Alvarado took over Peru’s government. He seized about 75 percent of the nation’s large landed estates and put ownership of the land into the hands of peasant cooperatives—farm organizations owned by and operated for the peasants’ benefits.Section 3 DLN-9
E. A conservative elite led by the owners of coffee plantations has dominated Colombia’s democratic political system.
F. After World War II, Marxist guerrilla groups began to organize Colombian peasants. The government killed more than two hundred thousand peasants by the mid-1960s. Violence continued through the 1980s and 1990s.Section 3 DLN-11
H. High unemployment continues to stifle economic growth. In 2002, Alvaro Uribe won a landslide presidential victory and has taken a hard line against guerrilla rebels.Section 3 DLN-12
Answers will vary. It may be suggested that they are planning to build a shanty or hut with them.
There are extremes of wealth and poverty.Section Focus 1