The Welfare State. The Welfare State an introduction. A welfare state is a state in which organised power is deliberately used (through politics and administration) in an effort to modify the play of market forces. The Welfare State an introduction.
A welfare state is a state in which organised power is deliberately used (through politics and administration) in an effort to modify the play of market forces.
The first and second of these objectives may be accomplished, in part at least, by what used to be called ‘social service state’, a state in which communal resources are employed to abate poverty and to assist those in distress.
The third objective brings in the idea of ‘optimum’ rather than the older idea of ‘minimum’. It is concerned not merely with reduction of class differences or the needs of specific groups but with equality of treatment and the aspirations of citizens as voters with equal shares of electoral power.
1 Market Forces
2 Social contingencies
3 Organised power
4 Range of agreed social service
5 Minimum standards
German experience in the nineteenth century
Legislation was more advanced in Britain than in any other European country
Germany led in social security legislation
Five factors in twentieth-century welfare history:
1 Attitude towards poverty
3 Unemployment and welfare policy
4 Market capitalism
5 Working-class pressures
Social security legislation in the 20th century raises many interesting general issues:
USA business rather than the State
Third way politics
Work consumerism and the New Poor
“We need to adapt our welfare state to fit in with the way we live”.
Liberalism individualism markets and competition
Marxism class conflict central planning and
Fabianism co-operation/ an acceptance of the gradualness market and competition but state planning should be utilised to move towards a fairer society.
The Fabian Society
Founded in 1884 by Beatrice and Sidney Webb, George Bernard Shaw and HG Wells asa group promoting non-Marxist evolutionary socialism.
Reducing public spending
Concern is growing
The cause of the change
Emergence of a ‘deviant’ culture
Left and centre parties have abandoned socialist policies
Biblical texts must encounter our social context and produce a new way of living for the followers of Jesus.
How does the church and world meet here? How does biblical text encounter our world? What do we do?
What do you think?
Should welfare depend upon a means tested approach?
Should there be free service for all at the point of delivery and need?
What should the welfare system of this nation look like?
A free market welfare system would be more effective and equitable?