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The Holocaust: a great or complete devastation or destruction, especially by fire; any mass slaughter or reckless destruction of life. http://www.ushmm.org. 1933- 1945. Historical Context of The Holocaust. Nationalistic fervor. Racism. Centuries-old bigotry. World War I. Antisemitism.

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    1. The Holocaust: a great or complete devastation or destruction, especially by fire; any mass slaughter or reckless destruction of life http://www.ushmm.org

    2. 1933-1945 Historical Context of The Holocaust

    3. Nationalistic fervor Racism Centuries-old bigotry World War I Antisemitism 1933-1945 Treaty of Versailles Weimar Republic International Indifference Propaganda The Depression Political charisma of Adolf Hitler http://www.ushmm.org

    4. 1933-1945 Anti-Semitism

    5. http://www.ushmm.org

    6. http://www.ushmm.org

    7. http://www.ushmm.org

    8. http://www.ushmm.org

    9. http://www.ushmm.org

    10. The Protocols of the Elders of Zion http://www.ushmm.org

    11. Henry Ford http://www.ushmm.org

    12. 1933-1945 Karl Lueger (1844-1907)Mayor of Vienna

    13. “If Dr. Karl Lueger had lived in Germany, he would have been ranked among the great minds of our people.” -Adolf Hitler in Mein Kampf http://www.ushmm.org

    14. 1933-1945 Beer Hall PutschNov. 9, 1923

    15. http://www.ushmm.org

    16. “In 1935, the sixteen dead were moved from separate graves to a pair of “Honor Temples” in Munich where they took up “eternal watch.” It was as if they had been born again. Flags that formerly had flown at half mast were now at full mast. The New York Times correspondent observed that Munich was celebrating “not a funeral but a triumph.” As the names of the sixteen were called in a last roll call before the Honor Temples, the assembled crowd of thousands answered “here” to each name.” Bending Spines p. 21 http://www.ushmm.org

    17. Hitler’s MEIN KAMPF Hitler’s MEIN KAMPF • “Mein Kampf” means “My Struggle”; Hitler wrote it while in prison in the 1920’s • Still banned in most European countries • Given to every newly married German couple from the late 1930’s onward

    18. Hitler’s MEIN KAMPF Hitler’s MEIN KAMPF • “The relation of the Jews to prostitution and, even more, to the white-slave traffic, could be studied in Vienna…When thus for the first time I recognized the Jew as the cold-hearted, shameless, and calculating director of this revolting vice traffic in the scum of the big city, a cold shudder ran down my back.” (p. 59) • “Hence today I believe that I am acting in accordance with the will of the Almighty Creator: by defending myself against the Jew, I am fighting for the work of the Lord.” (p. 65)

    19. Hitler’s MEIN KAMPF Hitler’s MEIN KAMPF “On this first and greatest lie, that the Jews are not a race, but a religion, more and more lies are based in necessary consequence.” (p. 307)

    20. 1933-1945 1933-1945 http://www.ushmm.org

    21. 1933-1945 1933Hitler becomes Chancellor

    22. http://www.ushmm.org

    23. http://www.ushmm.org

    24. 1933-1945 March 22, 1933Dachau Concentration Camp

    25. Schaefer’s Personal Collection—Dachau Gates

    26. 1933-1945 April 1, 1933Boycott of Jewish Businesses

    27. http://www.ushmm.org

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    29. 1933-1945 May 10, 1933Book Burnings

    30. http://www.ushmm.org

    31. http://www.ushmm.org

    32. Schaefer’s Personal Collection—Berlin City Center

    33. 1933-1945 Night of the Long KnivesJune 30, 1934

    34. "If anyone reproaches me and asks why I did not resort to the regular courts of justice, then all I can say is this: In this hour I was responsible for the fate of the German people, and thereby I became the supreme judge of the German people." "It was no secret that this time the revolution would have to be bloody; when we spoke of it we called it 'The Night of the Long Knives.' Everyone must know for all future time that if he raises his hand to strike the State, then certain death is his lot." http://www.ushmm.org

    35. 1933-1945 Sept. 10, 1935Nuremberg Laws

    36. http://www.ushmm.org

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    39. http://www.ushmm.org: Jewish children being hidden in plain sight

    40. 1933-1945 August 1-16, 1936Summer Olympics in Berlin

    41. http://www.ushmm.org

    42. 1933-1945 July 1938Evian Conference

    43. http://www.ushmm.org

    44. 1933-1945 October 1938Deportations Begin

    45. Schaefer’s Personal Collection—Berlin Deportation Station

    46. http://www.ushmm.org

    47. 1933-1945 November 7, 1938Assassination of Ernst Vom Rath

    48. 'Being a Jew is not a crime. I am not a dog. I have a right to live and the Jewish people have a right to exist on this earth. Wherever I have been I have been chased like an animal.'9 --Herchel Grynszpan http://www.ushmm.org

    49. 1933-1945 November 9, 1938Kristallnacht- “The Night of the Broken Glass”

    50. http://www.ushmm.org