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World War I, 1914-1918 Introduction. Europe on the Eve of War (1914). Europe’s great powers: Germany Austria-Hungary Great Britain Russia Italy France. Europe on the Eve of War (1914). By 1914 the major European countries had colonized the world. Countries had to compete for

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World War I, 1914-1918 Introduction


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    1. World War I, 1914-1918 Introduction

    2. Europe on the Eve of War (1914) Europe’s great powers: Germany Austria-Hungary Great Britain Russia Italy France

    3. Europe on the Eve of War (1914) • By 1914 the major European countries had colonized the world. • Countries had to compete for resources= resulted in rivalry and mistrust • Countries began building their armies just in case war broke out.

    4. The Triple Alliance • Germany believed France was the biggest threat to peace in Europe. • To isolate France, Germany formed an alliance with Austria-Hungary and Italy.

    5. The Triple Entente • France and Great Britain became alarmed by the German alliance and joined with Russia

    6. The “MAIN” Causes of World War 1 2 4 3

    7. “M” Militarism • The glorification of armed strength and the ideals of war caused countries to build huge armies and navies • “arms race” Britain vs. Germany

    8. “A” Alliances • No European power wanted to fight alone • The system of alliances was formed : • Triple Entente- Britain, Russia, and France • Triple Alliance- Germany, Austria-Hungary, and Italy

    9. “I” Imperialism • The race to get overseas colonies and economic resources led to conflict between the European nations

    10. “N” Nationalism • Great pride in one’s own country, or aspiring to become independent countries • Nationalism often reflected in songs, art, and media

    11. Next Up • Assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand • Gavrilo Princip and The Black Hand • An ultimatum to Serbia • The Start of WWI