World War I, 1914-1918 Introduction. Europe on the Eve of War (1914). Europe’s great powers: Germany Austria-Hungary Great Britain Russia Italy France. Europe on the Eve of War (1914). By 1914 the major European countries had colonized the world. Countries had to compete for
World War I, 1914-1918 Introduction
Europe on the Eve of War (1914) Europe’s great powers: Germany Austria-Hungary Great Britain Russia Italy France
Europe on the Eve of War (1914) • By 1914 the major European countries had colonized the world. • Countries had to compete for resources= resulted in rivalry and mistrust • Countries began building their armies just in case war broke out.
The Triple Alliance • Germany believed France was the biggest threat to peace in Europe. • To isolate France, Germany formed an alliance with Austria-Hungary and Italy.
The Triple Entente • France and Great Britain became alarmed by the German alliance and joined with Russia
The “MAIN” Causes of World War 1 2 4 3
“M” Militarism • The glorification of armed strength and the ideals of war caused countries to build huge armies and navies • “arms race” Britain vs. Germany
“A” Alliances • No European power wanted to fight alone • The system of alliances was formed : • Triple Entente- Britain, Russia, and France • Triple Alliance- Germany, Austria-Hungary, and Italy
“I” Imperialism • The race to get overseas colonies and economic resources led to conflict between the European nations
“N” Nationalism • Great pride in one’s own country, or aspiring to become independent countries • Nationalism often reflected in songs, art, and media
Next Up • Assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand • Gavrilo Princip and The Black Hand • An ultimatum to Serbia • The Start of WWI