Literary Elements T. And C. Twiggs
Conflict: struggle or problem within a main character or outside of the character What kind of conflict is this? • Person vs. Person • Person vs. person (spouse vs. spouse) • Person vs. nature (a person fighting a sickness) • Person vs. society (person arrested for treason) • Person vs. self (should I stay married or get divorced?
What Kind of Conflict Is It? • You visit the doctor and learn that you have cancer. • You disagree with the way that your government is handling national healthcare, so you decide to lead a protest. • Your boss tells you that you have been late too much, so now you are fired. • You are trying to decide whether or not to leave your spouse.
Theme-a lesson to be learned from the story What is the theme in each of these movies? • Romeo and Juliet • Titanic • The Wizard of Oz • Rocky • The Godfather • Slumdog Millionaire
Mood – the emotional feeling of the story Sometimes called Tone or Atmosphere What kind of mood do you think of when you hear the music? Happy? Sarcastic? Concerned? Fearful? Funny?
Excerpt from The Telltale Heart by Edgar Allan PoeRead the following excerpt. What is the mood? • Why would they not be gone? I paced the floor to and fro with heavy strides, as if excited to fury by the observations of the men -- but the noise steadily increased. Oh God! what could I do? I foamed --I raved --I swore! I swung the chair upon which I had been sitting, and grated it upon the boards, but the noise arose over all and continually increased. It grew louder --louder --louder! And still the men chatted pleasantly, and smiled. Was it possible they heard not? Almighty God! --no, no! They heard! --they suspected! --they knew! --they were making a mockery of my horror! --this I thought, and this I think. But anything was better than this agony! Anything was more tolerable than this derision! I could bear those hypocritical smiles no longer! I felt that I must scream or die! --and now --again! --hark! louder! louder! louder! louder! -- "Villains!" I shrieked, "dissemble no more! I admit the deed! --tear up the planks! --here, here! --it is the beating of his hideous heart!"
What is the setting? There stood, facing the open window, a comfortable, roomy armchair. Into this she sank, pressed down by a physical exhaustion that haunted her body and seemed to reach into her soul. She could see in the open square before her house the tops of trees that were all aquiver with the new spring life. The delicious breath of rain was in the air. In the street below a peddler was crying his wares. The notes of a distant song which some one was singing reached her faintly, and countless sparrows were twittering in the eaves. There were patches of blue sky showing here and there through the clouds that had met and piled one above the other in the west facing her window. Excerpted from The Story of an Hour by Kate Chopin
Plot: the series of events that make up a story Climax or Turning Point Falling Action Rising Action Introduction Resolution
Plot Sequence • Introduction – Introduces the main characters and the conflict • Rising action – shows the steps the main character(s) take to resolve the conflict • Climax/Turning point – the most exciting part of the story when the conflict is resolved • Falling action – the events that occur as a result of the conflict being solved • Resolution– the end of the story where the final pieces are tied together