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Chapter 19. The End of the Great War. WWI Cousins. George V - GB. Czar Nicholas II - Russia. Kaiser Wilhelm II - Germany. Czar Nicholas II of Russia and fam. Vladimir Lenin – Communist Russia - USSR. Kaiser Wilhelm. 11/11/1918 @ 11AM. Fourteen Points. Developed by Wilson for world peace

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chapter 19

Chapter 19

The End of the Great War

wwi cousins
WWI Cousins

George V - GB

Czar Nicholas II - Russia

Kaiser Wilhelm II - Germany

fourteen points
Fourteen Points
  • Developed by Wilson for world peace
  • Dealt with:
    • Self-determination – right of people to govern themselves
    • Secret diplomacy
    • Arms race
    • Violations of freedom of the seas
    • Trade barriers
    • League of Nations – international body designed to prevent offensive wars
big four
Big Four
  • Wilson – US
  • David Lloyd George – British PM
  • Georges Clemenceau – French premier
  • Vittorio Orlando – Italian PM
  • Dominated the peace process
league of nations
League of Nations
  • Huge coalition of nations
  • Try to resolve disputes peacefully
  • Use of “economic pressure”
  • Article X – 1 country goes to war, all go
  • WW’s pet project
treaty in senate
Treaty in Senate
  • Republicans divided on the League
  • Irreconcilables: didn’t want the League
  • Reservationists: remove Article X

Wilson would not make any compromises

treaty in senate contd
Treaty in Senate Contd
  • Henry Cabot Lodge – Senate Committee on Foreign Relations
    • Rivalry w/ WW; not invited to Paris
    • Stalled Treaty
    • Wilson- 9.5K mile speaking tour
      • Suffered a stroke
      • Treaty of Versailles never passed