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Poland and Lithuania. Human language families. http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/f/f7/Human_Language_Families_Map.PNG :D : D. Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zX00OjIwcIM&feature=watch_response. Poland. Capital : Warsaw Population : 38,2 million

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Poland and Lithuania

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human language families

http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/f/f7/Human_Language_Families_Map.PNG :D :D

polish lithuanian commonwealth

Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth



Capital: Warsaw

Population: 38,2 million

Currency: PLN; Złoty

(1 Euro = 4,36PLN)

Economic growth:3,8%

Inflation (01.2011): 3,8%

Unemployment (12.2010): 12,3%

Major religion: Christianity

polish society
  • Ethnically, modern Poland is almost homogenous. According to the 2002 Census, the minorities account for about 3-4 percent of the population, which is equivalent to some 1.5 million people.

This dramatic change in ethnic structure was due to the atrocities of the Second World War and the post-war policy of Poland's communist authorities.

  • 6 million lives were lost as a result of military operations and mass extermination;
  • another 6.5 million found themselves outside the changed Poland's borders,
  • 1.7 million people were deported or forced to emigrate.
the second republic of poland
TheSecond Republic of Poland
  • In the inter-war period (1918-1939) the Second Republic of Poland had 11.3 million citizens of non-Polish nationality, who constituted 35 percent of the entire population (as surveyed in 1931).  
national minority
National minority

Polandis inhabited bymembers of 9 national minorities:

  • Belorussians,
  • Czechs,
  • Lithuanians,
  • Germans,
  • Armenians,
  • Russians,
  • Slovaks,
  • Ukrainians,
  • Jews
national m inority
National minority
  • The biggest minority in today's Poland is the Germans. Their number is estimated as about 150,000 (800,000 in 1931) and they live mainly in Silesia.
  • The second biggest group is the Belorussians, who number about 49,000 (1.9 million in 1931) and live mainly in the east.
  • The third largest minority is the Ukrainians, who after the war were forced to resettle in the new territories in the west and north part of the country. Their number is about 31,000 (5 million in 1931).
ethnic minority
  • Karaites,
  • Lemkos,
  • Roma
  • Tartars

In addition, in the PomorskieVoivodship thereare Kashubians a community speaking their own regional language.

polish emigrations
  • Polish immigrants come from several waves of migration:First wave: refugees after the national uprisings in the nineteenth century (mainly to France, Great Britain, Switzerland, Germany and North America)Secondwave:emigration in the second half of Nineteenth century up to 1939 (mostly workers in France, Belgium and Germany; peasants to the United States, Canada, Brazil and Argentina),Third wave:emigration as a result of World War II and for political reasons after the war,Fourthwave:emigration of Polish Jews by ethnic tensions and anti-Semitic persecution (at different wavelengths and periods, before the war and after the war, including the so-called. pomarcowa emigration years 1968-1971)Fifthwave:emigration of economic and political causes in the 80s Twentieth century,emigration after 1989 (mainly to Britain, Ireland, Germany, Austria, Italy, Canada and the United States).
famous person from first wave
Famous person from first wave:
  • Fryderyk Chopin,
  • Marie Skłodowska – Curie,
  • Kazimierz Puławski,
  • Tadeusz Kościuszko,
  • Józef Lis aka „Jack theRipper” ;)
Adam Mickiewicz


the largest diaspora s in the world
The largest Diasporas in the world

Source: http://archiwum.wspolnotapolska.org.pl/?id=pwko00

  • Platforma Obywatelska won a parlamentaryelections. One of the most importanttheme slogan was „We can be thesecond Ireland”

Many Polescame back to Poland, par examplein 2009, 123 000 came back from Germany.

why they come back
Whytheycome back?
  • http://wyborcza.biz/biznes/0,118175.html
nowadays about identity

34 millionof Poles (89 percent of Poland population) are baptized in the Catholic rite;

Half of themeparticipateinSunday’s mass.

lit hua nia
  • Capital: Vilnius ((548 835 inhabitants)
  • Official language:Lithuanian
  • Area:65.300 km2
  • Population:3.394.000
  • National currency:Litas (LTL) 3.4528 Lt = 1 euro
  • Neighboring countries:Latvia, Belarus, Poland, and Russia
  • International membership:
  • NATO member  since 29 March, 2004
  • Member of European Union since  1 May, 2004
  • Political system: Republic
  • Head of State: President , Government, Seimas (Parliament)
ethnic composition
Ethnic composition (%):
  • Lithuanians: 83.5
  • Poles: 6.7
  • Russians: 6.3
  • Belorussians: 1.2
  • Other: 2.3
ethnical composition in vilnius region
61,3 % Poles

22,4 % Lithuanians

8,4 % Russians

4,4 % Belorussians

3,5 % Others

Ethnical composition in Vilnius’ region
3 problematical areas for poles
3 problematical areas for Poles
  • Education
  • Public signs
  • Writing names in Polish national minority language.
  • Polish media
  • Education system
ethnic composition in visaginas
Ethnic composition in Visaginas
  • Russians  15491 (55,68 %)
  • Lithuanians  4419 (15,88 %)
  • Belarusians   2863 (10,29 %)
  • Polish  2541 (9,13 %)
  • Ukrainians  1583 (5,69 %)
  • Tatars   263 (0,95 %)
  • Others (0,5 %)

Full name: Republic of Latvia

Population: 2.2 million (UN, 2010)

Capital: Riga (713 000 habitants)

Area: 64,589 sq km (24,938 sq miles)

Major languages: Latvian, Russian

Major religion: Christianity

Ethnic composition

Latvians 59.4%

Russians 27.6%

Belarussians 3.6%

Ukrainians 2.5%

Native language

Latvian 58.2%

Russian 37.5%

national hymn around the world

"National Hymn" around the world


the granting of citizenship by naturalization
the past 10 years (legally)

have the right of permanent residence in the Republic of Lithuania

passed the language exam

passed the Constitution exam

legal source of income

Double citizenship is forbidden (? Initiatives to legitimize)

reached the age of 15

No less than 5 years

legal source of income

Latvian language , the history of Latvia , the basic principles of the Republic of Latvia Satversme (the Constitution)

Double citizenship is forbidden (? Initiatives to legitimize)

The granting of citizenship by naturalization

A foreigner may be granted Polish citizenship at his/her request, if he/she has been residing in Poland for at least five years on the basis of:

  • A permit of state
  • A long-term resident’s EC residence permit, or
  • A permanent residence permit.

A foreigner who has been married for at least 3 years to a person holding Polish citizenship and who has been residing in Poland on the basis of:

  • A permit of state
  • A long-term resident’s EC residence permit, or
  • A permanent residence permit.

May acciure Polish citizenship if he/she makes an appropriate declaration before the competent authority and this authority issues a decision on the acceptance of the declaration of will is:

  • 3 years and 6 months from the day of contracting marriage with a person holding Polish citizenship
  • or 6 months from the day of the acquisition by a foreigner of a permit of state, a long-term resident’s EC residence permit, or a permanent residence permit.
particularly justified cases
Particularly justified cases
  • In particularly justified cases, a foreigner may be granted Polish citizenship at his/her reauest, even though he/she does not meet the mentioned requirements. In practice, this procedure is available in the case of famous sportsmen/women.
  • http://lietuva.lt/en/about_lithuania/quick_facts
  • http://www.economist.com/node/17966908
  • http://alkas.lt/2011/03/02/a-skaistys-lenkai-lietuvoje-%E2%80%93-privilegijuotoji-tautine-mazuma/
  • http://www.geopolitika.lt/?artc=424
  • http://www.li.lv/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=77&Itemid=1112
  • http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/europe/country_profiles/1106666.stm#facts
  • http://www.russkiymir.ru/russkiymir/en/news/common/news4195.html
  • http://www.pmlp.gov.lv/en/Citizenship/Naturalizacija.html
  • http://www.dw-world.de/dw/article/0,,6354021,00.html
  • http://www.mswia.gov.pl/portal/en/10/Ethnic_and_national_minorities_in_Poland.html
  • http://wspolnotapolska.org.pl
  • http://archiwum.wspolnotapolska.org.pl/?id=pwko00
  • http://www.poloniatoday.com/immigration2.htm
  • http://polish-citizenship.eu/foreigners.html
  • http://www.msz.gov.pl/