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Mary Shelley

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Mary Shelley. Frankenstein, or The Modern Prometheus. by Mary Shelley. Prometheus. Greek mythology a Titan who championed mankind stole fire from Zeus and gave it to mortals

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Presentation Transcript
prometheus
Prometheus
  • Greek mythology
  • a Titan who championed mankind
  • stole fire from Zeus and gave it to mortals
  • Zeus punished him by having him bound to a rock while an eagle ate his liver every day only to have it grow back to be eaten again the next day
gothic lit characteristics
Gothic Lit: CHARACTERISTICS:
  • popular 1760’s – 1820’s
  • wild, remote, dreary settings; lots of castles, moors and rain
  • contains a hero/villain
  • strives to incite terror
  • contains evidence of the supernatural
  • mixes romance and horror
  • evokes a sense of mystery and dread
gothic lit characteristics1
Gothic Lit: CHARACTERISTICS:
  • a distressed heroine
  • moral conflicts abound
  • questions where does man’s power begins and ends
  • explores the macabre (muh-cahb) nature of mankind
  • macabre: suggesting the horror of death and decay; gruesome. Macabre tales of war and plague in the Middle Ages.
mary shelley s style
Mary Shelley’s STYLE:
  • rich vocabulary (a plethora of SAT words to enjoy!)
  • elaborate sentence structure
  • allusions aplenty
  • jumbled chronology
  • shifting narrators
the frame story
“The

FRAME

Story”

the sympathetic listener
“The

SYMPATHETIC

LISTENER”

a cautionary tale
a “CAUTIONARY TALE”

there’s a warning of a taboo…

someone disregards it…

an unpleasant fate awaits…

major themes
Major Themes:
  • the importance of intellectual curiosity and achievement AND the responsibilities that accompany them; knowledge can be dangerous
  • the importance of familial relationships AND the pain that comes when ties are severed
  • loneliness; alienation from society
  • the natural world as a catalyst for and reflection of human emotion
  • nature vs. nurture
m eaning of the work theme
meaning of the work (theme)
  • Nature (the physical world)
  • Alienation
  • Birth / Death
  • Judgment
  • Self-worth
  • Egocentricism
  • Ambition
  • Lollipops
  • Judgment
  • Acceptance
  • Rationality
  • Shame
  • Secrets
  • Enlightenment
  • The Unknown
  • Irresponsibility
  • Science
  • Revenge
  • Abandonment
  • Isolation
  • Change
  • Passion
  • Creation
  • Destruction
  • Consequence
  • Fear
  • Trust
  • Persecution
  • Duality
  • Fitting in
  • Family
  • God
  • Nature vs. Nurture
  • Knowledge
  • Curiosity
  • Relationships
  • Cowardice
  • Neglect
  • Mental health
  • Redemption
  • Compassion
  • Responsibility
  • Obligation
  • Prejudice
  • Power
  • Self-preservation
moral ambiguity

MORAL AMBIGUITY

AMBIGUOUS:

VAGUE, UNCERTAIN,

UNCLEAR, INDEFINITE

romanticism
Romanticism
  • an artistic, literary, and intellectual movement
  • originated in the late 18th century in western Europe
  • a movement against norms of the Age of Enlightenment
  • a philosophical revolt against rationalism
  • the exaltation of the senses and emotions over reason and intellect
  • the rediscovery of the artist as a supremely individual creator
  • emphasis on individual expression and imagination
a word or two about

A word (or two) about

SPARKNOTES :-o