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Values of Rangelands. Objectives. Define multiple use Identify and discuss the benefits and uses of rangeland. Multiple Use. Because rangelands have many important uses, most rangelands are managed under principles of multiple-use

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objectives
Objectives
  • Define multiple use
  • Identify and discuss the benefits

and uses of rangeland

multiple use
Multiple Use
  • Because rangelands have many important uses, most rangelands are managed under principles of multiple-use
  • Several uses or values of rangeland are managed simultaneously with care to avoid overuse or destruction of natural resources.
why are rangelands important
Why are rangelands important?

Many goods and services

List 5 goods or services rangeland provides?

why are rangelands important1
Why are rangelands important?

Forage

Wildlife Habitat

Livestock Production

Recreation

Native Plants

Water

Minerals

Energy

Open Space

livestock production
Livestock Production
  • Rangeland & pastureland in the 19 western states are home to 58% of all beef cattle in the US.
  • Western rangelands also harbor 79% of sheep and 88% of goats in the US.
  • Livestock production on rangeland is very important to supply meat for American and World populations and also for leather, wool, mohair, and other products that livestock yield.
livestock production1
Livestock Production
  • Livestock grazing occurs on 65% of Idaho’s total land area and in every county throughout the state
  • Range livestock production is Idaho’s major agricultural activity in terms of land used and cash receipts
wildlife habitat
Wildlife Habitat
  • Rangelands provide habitat for countless mammals, birds, amphibians, fishes, and insects.
  • Of the total number of animal species found in the United States
    • 84% of the mammals,
    • 74% of the birds,
    • 58% of the amphibians and
    • 38% of the fishes are represented in rangeland ecosystems.
range wildlife include
Range Wildlife Include:
  • Ruminants such as deer, elk, and moose that have specialized digestive systems to digest the cellulose in the cell walls of rangeland plants
  • Rodents and Rabbits also have digestive systems that allow them to get energy out of cellulose
  • Concentrate-selectors are animals such as birds & bears that find an adequate diet on rangeland by carefully selecting berries, seeds, or roots low in cellulose.
  • Insects - Can be generalist foragers or have very specific diet selection.
water
Water
  • The Western United States has a much drier climate than the Eastern U.S. ... water is doubly precious to the 30% of the U.S. population that lives in the West
  • Most of the water in the streams and river of Idaho fell initially on rangeland or forests. Therefore, proper management of rangeland requires careful attention to the amount & quality of water that flows off rangeland
recreation
Recreation

Rangelands are increasingly important for recreational uses such as:

  • Hiking
  • Hunting
  • Camping
  • Mountain biking
  • Cross-country skiing
  • Snowmobiling

Many national parks are located on rangelands

renewable energy
Renewable Energy
  • Sources are becoming increasingly important to society
    • Wind
    • Solar
    • Geothermal
    • Biomass and bioenergy

USDI-BLM Photo

USDI-BLM Photo

minerals and mining
Minerals and Mining
  • Some of our most basic natural resources are mined from rangelands
    • Sand, gravel, dirt, and rock are basic materials for construction and building
  • Coal and oil shale mining provides resources to heat and power our society

USDI-BLM Photo

minerals
Minerals
  • Wide array of mineral resources
    • Gold in north, central and southern Idaho
    • Silver, lead and zinc in the north
    • Molybdenum and cobalt in central Idaho
    • Phosphate in southeast Idaho

UI Special Collections

BLM/Idaho

native plant products
Native Plant Products
  • Eating Wild!
  • Natural medicines
    • Echinacea
    • St. Johnswort
  • A variety of wild foods
    • Camas
    • Huckleberries
    • Pinenuts

William & Wilma Follette @ USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database

open space
Open Space
  • People in the west value open space.
  • Livestock ranches are becoming “working wilderness” to maintain biodiversity and wildlife habitat quality.
  • Environmentally concerned citizens have paid ranchers to maintain open space through scenic easements.

K. Launchbaugh

western heritage
Western Heritage
  • Ranching is important to maintain the “Western Image”
  • Legacy and heritage for Native America Tribes
  • “Brand” of the west
    • Expansion
    • Settlement
    • Tough western spirit

S. McFarland

who owns rangeland1
Who owns rangeland?
  • “Public Land” is owned and managed by federal and state governments for the good of the public.
  • Most significant land management agencies are the Bureau of Land Management, the U.S. Forest Service, and the Idaho Department of Lands.
who owns rangeland2
Who owns rangeland?
  • Grazing on private lands is wholly integrated with public grazing lands.
    • Livestock grazing occurs on:
      • 95% of BLM land
      • 58% of U.S. Forest Service lands
    • 88% of all beef cows in Idaho graze at least part of each year on BLM or USFS lands.
why are rangelands important2
Why are rangelands important?

Forage

Wildlife Habitat

Livestock Production

Recreation

Native Plants

Water

Minerals

Energy

Open Space