Lecture Exam #1. Bi 10, September 27, 2013. Agenda. Administrative Stuff Rules + Format Multiple Choice Section One-Word Answer Section Free Response Section Wrap-up. Rules and Format. Closed book, no collaboration
Bi 10, September 27, 2013
Which of the following is/are shared by all living organisms? Choose all that apply.
During glycolysis, which of the following does not occur?
A six-carbon sugar is broken into two three-carbon pieces.
ATP is converted into ADP.
Oxygen and hydrogen are converted into water.
ADP is converted into ATP.
NAD+ is converted into NADH.
Which of the following is NOT a step of the scientific method? (Choose one:)
How many valence electrons does oxygen have?
Most of the dry mass of this cactus plant comes from… (choose only one)
Energy from the sun
Gas from the air
Minerals from the soil
Organic nutrients from the soil
Artificial respiration can be used to help a patient’s cells get more oxygen. Would this cure victims of cyanide poisoning? Why or why not?
Cells in mushrooms are often dikaryotic. Based on the parts that make up this vocab word, a dikaryoticcell must have…
Which of the following elements are found in DNA? Choose ALL THAT APPLY.
Which of the following is NOT a function of proteins?
An alpha helix of protein is shown at right. Which of the following statements is false? (Choose only one.)
This helix is an example of tertiary protein structure.
This kind of helix is found in the proteins that make up hair.
Covalent peptide bonds hold together the monomers of the helix.
Hydrogen bonds give this helix its shape.
Which of the following statements about the ovarian cycle is false? Choose one:
Birth control pills can stop menstruation by preventing a drop in progesterone.
Estrogen and progesterone, hormones that control the ovarian cycles, are lipid steroid hormones.
Pre-menopausal women usually release one egg each month if not on birth control.
The breakdown of the lining of the uterus is triggered by an increase in estrogen.
An enzyme can help make a chemical reaction possible.
Energy can be destroyed by enzymes.
Lipids convert reactants into products.
What does this diagram show? (Choose one)
D) Carbohydrates are low in energy.
Cellulasesare enzymes found in wood-digesting organisms. Based on what you know, which of the following statements about cellulases is false? (Choose only one:)
Cellulases lower the activation energy needed to break down cellulose.
The productsof digestion using cellulases are sugars.
Cellulases are responsible for the dehydration of cellulose.
Cellulases help hydrolysisof a polymer occur.
One row of the following table contains a mistake. Which row is it – A, B, C, or D?
Consider this diagram of the phospholipidbilayer. Are the regions labeled X and Y hydrophilic or hydrophobic?
X is hydrophilic; Y is hydrophobic.
X and Y are both hydrophilic.
X is hydrophobic; Y is hydrophilic.
D) X and Y are both hydrophobic.
The pesticide called “1080” (shown below) stops the citric acid cycle. Which of the following might plausibly happen to cells poisoned with 1080? (Choose one.)
They produce more ATP, more NADH, and more CO2.
They produce less ATP, less NADH, and less CO2.
They produce less ATP, more NADH, and less CO2.
They produce less ATP, less NADH, and more CO2.
Which of the following is statements about eukaryotic cells is true? Choose only one.
All eukaryotic cells have chloroplasts to perform photosynthesis.
A eukaryotic cell is like a simple “bag” of fluid, with no other membranes inside of it.
Organizing the functions of a cell into organelles makes chemical reactions more efficient.
Eukaryotic cells do not have a nucleus.
Bacteria are eukaryotic cells.
Which of the statements below correctly describe this diagram from your text? Choose all that apply.
Sodium is being oxidized.
Sodium is being reduced.
Chlorine is being oxidized.
Chlorine is being reduced.
Which of the following is true of fast twitch muscle fibers? (Choose only one.)
They are mostly used in extended endurance sports, such as long-distance running or swimming.
They contain more blood vessels than slow twitch muscle.
They need more oxygen than slow twitch muscle.
They perform lactic acid fermentation.
They perform alcohol (ethanol) fermentation.
Which of the following statements about energy and/or entropy is false?
Entropy always increases over time; energy is converted from more useful forms to less useful (organized) forms.
Energy can be created by eating food.
Burning a gram of sugar releases more chemical energy than burning a gram of TNT.
Chemical energy can be considered a form of potential energy.
Kinetic energy is the energy of motion.
Name five different structures found in eukaryotic cells and tell me their functions. Be specific!
Draw an electron shell diagram for Chlorine (Cl).
Draw a clearly labeled diagram illustrating the electron transport chain. Be sure to show all of the following: