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International Organization for Standardization Technical Committee 211 GSDI 5 Cartagena de Indias, Colombia May 21-25, 2001. Global geomatics standards supporting sustainable geospatial data infrastructures.

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Global geomatics standards supporting sustainable geospatial data infrastructures

International Organization for StandardizationTechnical Committee 211

GSDI 5Cartagena de Indias, ColombiaMay 21-25, 2001

Global geomatics standards supporting sustainable geospatial data infrastructures

Olaf ØstensenChairman of ISO/TC 211Chairman of Joint Steering Group on Spatial Standardization and related Interoperabilitye-mail: olaf.ostensen@statkart.no


The market is changing

1,2

1,0

0,8

0,6

0,4

0,2

0

The Market is changing ...

GIS

billion USD

BSS

LBMS

1999

2000

2001

2002

2003

Business support market increasing  new customers, new demandsInteroperability requiredIntegration of GI and other information necessaryGIS technology becomes invisible to end user


Nokia prognosis for 3g mobile communication
Nokia prognosis for 3G mobile communication

Monthly income pr. user in euro (1 euro = 1 USD approx.)

100

Location based services

90

Div. telekom.

80

Commercials

Text messages

Entertainment

70

Information services

Photo messages

Payment transactions

60

Music and video

Internet surfing

50

Download from internet

Chat on internet

Multimedia messages

40

Vide conferencing

30

20

Normal speech

10

Fixed subscription fees

0

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

2010

2011


Global geomatics standards supporting sustainable geospatial data infrastructures
GSDI

“A Global Geospatial Data Infrastructure encompasses the politics, organisational remits, data, technologies, standards, delivery mechanisms and financial and human resources necessary to ensure that those working at the global or regional scale are not impeded in meeting their objectives”

David Rhind, GSDI conference, Chapel Hill, NC


Components of the infrastructure

Access, technology

Education

Standards

Content (data)

Organization

Components of the infrastructure

ISO

OGC

national profiles

NMA

public sector

private sector

Universitiesindustrygovernment

Vendors,based on std.

NMA

government,

nat. interest org.


Global geomatics standards supporting sustainable geospatial data infrastructures
The geomatics standards developersJoint Steering Group on Spatial Standardization and related Interoperability

Invited members:DGIWG, IETF, ISO/TC 184 /SC 4. ISO/TC 204, OMG, POSC, SAE International, SISO, W3C, WAP forum

Current members:ISO Central SecretariatISO/TC 211OGC SEDRISISO/IEC JTC 1

JSG Scope and purpose

The purpose of the steering group will be to share information in order to manage coordination activities better, and not to assign or manage specific spatial standards projects. The intent is to foster the rapid insertion of spatial technology into mainstreaminformation technology while also working to optimize standards development resources.


Iso tc 211 organization

Chairman

Olaf ØstensenNorway

ISO/TC 211 organization

Adv.G-Strat

AG Registry

AG Web Mapping

MHT

SWG-QC

AG LBS

Other

projects

WG 5Doug O’BrienCanada

WG 4Morten BorrebækNorway

WG 3Robert WalkerUK

WG 2Antony CooperSouth Africa

WG 1Chris DabrowskiUSA

Framework and reference model

Geospatial services

Profiles and functional standards

Geospatial models and operators

Geospatial data admini-stration


What is iso tc 211
What is ISO/TC 211?

  • Standardization in the field of digital geographic information.

  • This work aims to establish a structured set of standards for information concerning objects or phenomena that are directly or indirectly associated with a location relative to the Earth.

  • These standards may specify, for geographic information, methods, tools and services for data management (including definition and description), acquiring, processing, analyzing, accessing, presenting and transferring such data in digital/electronic form between different users, systems and locations.

  • This work shall link to appropriate standards for information technology and data where possible, and provide a framework for the development of sector-specific applications using geographic data.


Who are we member list active members p members 33 countries
Who are we ? ...member listActive members (P-members), 33 countries

Australia

Austria

Belgium

Canada

China

Czech Rep.

Denmark

Finland

France

Germany

Hungary

Isl. Rep. of Iran

Italy

Jamaica

Japan

Republic of Korea

Malaysia

Morocco

New Zealand

Norway

Portugal

Russian Federation

Saudi Arabia

South Africa

Spain

Sweden

Switzerland

Tanzania

Thailand

Turkey

United Kingdom

United States of America

Yugoslavia


Member list observing members 15 o members 4 corresponding members
Member listObserving members (15 O-members), 4 corresponding members

Bahrain (corr.)

Brunei Darussalam (corr.)

Colombia

Cuba

Estonia (corr.)

Greece

Hong Kong (corr.)

Iceland

India

Mauritius

Netherlands

Oman

Pakistan

Poland

Slovakia

Slovenia

Ukraine

Uruguay

Zimbabwe


External liaisons
External liaisons

  • IHB, International Hydrographic Bureau

  • Digital Geographic Information Working Group

  • ICA, International Cartographic Association

  • UN Economic Commission for Europe, Statistical Division

  • FIG, International Federation of Surveyors

  • EPSG, European Petroleum Survey Group

  • IAG, International Association of Geodesy

  • ISPRS, International Society for Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing

  • OGC, Open GIS Consortium, Incorporated

  • The Permanent Committee on GIS Infrastructure for Asia and the Pacific

  • Joint Research Centre, European Commission

  • ISCGM, International Steering Committee for Global Mapping

  • CEOS, Committee on Earth Observation Satellites

  • WMO, World Metereological Organization

  • IEEE Geoscience and Remote Sensing Society

  • ICAO, International Civil Aviation Organization

  • GSDI, Global Spatial Data Infrastructure


Some objectives
Some objectives ...

  • increase the understanding and usage of geographic information

  • increase the availability, access, integration, and sharing of geographic information

  • ease the establishment of geospatial infrastructures on local, regional and global level

  • contribute to a unified approach to addressing global ecological and humanitarian problems


Interoperability

Interoperable

Web Technology

Interoperability ...

  • the ability to find information and processing tools, when they are needed, no matter where they are physically located

  • the ability to understand and employ the discovered information and tools, no matter what platform supports them, whether local or remote

  • the ability to evolve one’s processing environment along the commercial mainstream without being constrained to a single vendor’s offerings

  • the ability to participate in a healthy marketplace, where goods and services are responsive to the needs of consumers


Overview
Overview

ISO 19115 - Metadata

ISO 19116 - Positioning services

ISO 19117 - Portrayal

ISO 19118 - Encoding

ISO 19119 - Services

ISO/TR 19120 - Functional standards+ new rev

ISO/TR 19121 Imagery and gridded data

ISO/TR 19122 - Qualifications and certification of personnel

ISO 19123 - Schema for coverage geometry and functions

ISO 19124 - Imagery and gridded datacomponents

ISO 19125-1 - Simple feature access – Common architecture

ISO 19125-2 - SFA - SQL option

ISO 19125-3 - SFA – COM/OLE

ISO 19126 - Profile - FACC Data Dictionary

ISO 19127 - Geodetic codes and parameters

ISO 19128 – Web map server interface

ISO 19129 - Sensor and data model for imagery and gridded data

ISO 19130 - Imagery, gridded and coverage data framework

ISO 19101 - Reference model

ISO 19102 - Overview

ISO 19103 - Conceptual schema language

ISO 19104 - Terminology

ISO 19105 - Conformance and testing

ISO 19106 - Profiles

ISO 19107 - Spatial schema

ISO 19108 - Temporal schema

ISO 19109 - Rules for application schema

ISO 19110 - Feature cataloguing methodology

ISO 19111 - Spatial referencing by coordinates

ISO 19112 - Spatial referencing by geographic identifiers

ISO 19113 - Quality principles

ISO 19114 - Quality evaluation procedures


Published standards and reports
Published standards and reports

International Standards and Technical Reports

  • ISO 19105:2000 Geographic information - Conformance and testing

  • ISO/TR 19120 Geographic information - Functional standards

  • ISO/TR 19121:2000 Geographic information - Imagery and gridded data

Draft International Standards (or, text to be submitted soon)

  • ISO/DIS 19101 - Reference model

  • ISO/DIS 19107– Spatial schema

  • ISO/DIS 19108 - Temporal schema

  • ISO/DIS 19111 - Spatial referencing by coordinates

  • ISO/DIS 19112 - Spatial referencing by geographic identifiers

  • ISO/DIS 19113 – Quality principles

  • ISO/DIS 19114 - Quality evaluation procedures

  • ISO/DIS 19115 - Metadata

  • ISO/DIS 19118 - Encoding

  • ISO/DIS 19125 - Simple feature accessPart 1: Common architecturePart 2: SQL option


Agreement iso tc 211 ogc

common objectives

similar work programmes

complementary approach

joining resources gives strength

avoiding inconsistent standards - de jure / de facto / industrial

… and more

Agreement

Agreement ISO/TC 211 - OGC

Why cooperation ?

… has led to establishment of a cooperative agreement between Open GIS Consortium and ISO/TC 211, others may follow …


Iso tc 211 on internet the www server

  • Document list

  • Organization

  • Scope and work programme

  • Calendar

  • Mail to secretariat

  • About...

  • News and information

  • Resolutions

  • Presentations (slides)

ISO/TC 211 on Internet - the WWW server

You will find updated information on ISO/TC 211 on the following World Wide Web-server :

http://www.statkart.no/isotc211/

soon: www.isotc211.org

WWW

containing :


Impact of standards

Standards

Standards

Impact of standards

ISO 19116 - Positioning servicesISO 19117 – PortrayalISO 19118 – EncodingISO 19119 – ServicesISO 19125-1 - Simple feature access – Common architectureISO 19125-2 – SFA – SQL option

ISO 19125-3 – SFA – COM/OLEISO 19128 - Web Map Server Interface

Access and services

Access, technology

Education

Content (data)

Organization

ISO/TR 19122- Qualifications andcertification of personnel

ISO 19107 - Spatial schemaISO 19108 - Temporal schemaISO 19109 - Rules for application schemaISO 19110 - Feature cataloguing methodologyISO 19111 - Spatial referencing by coordinatesISO 19112 - Spatial referencing by geographic identifiersISO 19113 - Quality principlesISO 19114 - Quality evaluation proceduresISO 19115 – MetadataISO 19123 - Schema for coverage geometry and functions

Documentation


Standards alone cannot guarantee sustainable development but

Combined view

Standards alone cannot guarantee sustainable development, but …

when standards are used, as in this Norwegian example, to enable an integrated view of a large set of social and environmental factors, then standards are supporting sustainable development

Internet

OGC web map server interface = ISO 19128

Directorate for natural resourcesNorwegian Geological SurveyNorwegian Institute for Surveying of Forestry and AgricultureNorwegian Mapping AuthorityPublic Road Administration


Example specifications for a norwegian geospatial data infrastructure
Example - specifications for a Norwegian geospatial data infrastructure

  • framework

    • service architecture

    • basic “abstract” specifications

    • ISO 19101, ISO 19119 etc.

  • catalogue services

    • OGC catalog services

    • metadata catalogue, ISO 19115

  • basic access

    • advanced access, ISO 19107-9

    • simple feature access, ISO 19125

  • “web map server” interface, OGC/ISO 19128

  • data content descriptions

    • ISO 19103, 19109, 19110


Future directions
Future directions infrastructure

  • Advisory group on location based services

  • Possible new work:

    • Geographic information - Location based services possible standards

    • Geographic information - Location based services tracking andnavigation

    • Geographic information - Multimodal Location Based Services for Routing and Navigation


Future organization
Future organization infrastructure

to address needs of informations communities:

  • establish Advisory groups on specific information communities

    • for cadastral and land management?

    • for environment and health?

    • for public sector?

    • for military?

  • when necessary work programmeis developed: form subcommittees?


Conclusion
Conclusion infrastructure

The goal of ISO/TC 211 is to develop a family of international standards that will

  • support the understanding and usage of geographic information

  • increase the availability, access, integration, and sharing of geographic information, enable inter-operability of geospatially enabled computer systems

  • and ease the establishment of geospatial infrastructures on local, regional and global level

  • address emerging technologies

  • address information communities


Global geomatics standards supporting sustainable geospatial data infrastructures

Thank you ! infrastructure

ISO/TC 211 ...… building the foundation of the geospatial infrastructure, brick by brick ...