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Food Safety Systems for Export – A case of the horticultural sub-sector in Kenya. A presentation made during the New Zealand and South Africa Trilateral Workshop by. Lucy Namu on 2 nd September 2014. Presentation outline. General background to horticultural subsector.

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slide1

Food Safety Systems for Export – A case of the horticultural sub-sector in Kenya

A presentation made during the New Zealand and South Africa Trilateral Workshop

by

Lucy Namu

on 2nd September 2014

presentation outline
Presentation outline
  • General background to horticultural subsector.
  • Growth of the industry.
  • Structure of industry.
  • Lessons learnt.
  • Recommendations and way forward.
background
Background
  • Up to 80% of rural population is employed in agriculture and its related industries.
  • Most growers produce on less than half a hectare.
  • Horticulture contributes 36% of Agriculture’s GDP.
  • Trade in vegetables about 40 years old
  • Exports of beans in pods (BP) and peas in pods (PP) constituted over 30% of total vegetable exports to the European Union in 2011. In 2009-2011 the total tonnage was 68,370.67 Metric tonnes.
contribution of horticulture to the gdp
Contribution of horticulture to the GDP

MAPS = Medicinal and Aromatic

Plants

30% constitutes beans and peas in pods

strong advantages of the beans and peas in pods exports
Strong advantages of the beans and peas in pods exports
  • Kenyan beans in pods are of high quality due to their positive organoleptic attributes.
    • They soften on steaming
    • Don’t have stringy fibrous texture
    • Compatible with other vegetables
    • They are available all year round
  • Strong support on marketing support
  • High demand in EU market for produce, they have taken a fairly large proportion of this market; business has been running generally well (until 2013).
structure of industry 2
Structure of industry.../2
  • Producers: Growers mainly small holder farmers
  • Middlemen: formalized as suppliers / marketing agents
  • Exporter and processors: business entities
  • Importers: linkage to external market
  • CHANGES SINCE 2011:

Formalization of supply chain players.

components of export assurance system
Components of export assurance system
  • Involvement of government with:
  • Producers:
    • Training in emerging issues and compliance requirements:
    • Jointly undertaken by the Competent Authorities with expertise in specific areas
    • Training in market requirements and technical information on optimal production
  • Suppliers / marketing agents: registration of individual suppliers/agents
    • Currently in developing codes of practice
  • Exporter and processors:
    • Registration of business entities
    • Obligations to implement contractual farming.
components of export assurance system 2
Components of export assurance system../2
  • Involvement of independent verification / audit / sampling plans and laboratories
    • National monitoring program implemented by Competent Authority (CA) - sampling plan
    • Testing - CA
    • Independent verifications – CA; private food business operators
  • Degree and frequency of foreign audit / testing at borders:
    • Currently beans and peas in pods under increased checks at EU DPE
components of export assurance system 3
Components of export assurance system../3
  • Importance of supply chain integration:
    • Provision of information on emerging challenge
    • Knowledge (legislation, regulations, standards) and authority to implement appropriate control and verification measure
lessons learnt
Lessons learnt
  • Changes in market regulations (mainly EU) have made increasing challenges in compliance with requirements
    • Important to improve on knowledge gaps
  • Need to develop a robust food safety system involved from primary production to table – Kenyan value chain has been driven towards market / private standard requirements.
  • Business entities not always able to invest in improvement of primary production – government could set up incentive schemes for investment
  • Robust support system required at primary production level
recommendations for expanding market
Recommendations for expanding market
  • Understand the regulatory environment that is affecting trade
  • Develop a comprehensive system - provide for capacity building especially for small holders.
  • Emphasis that the ensuring food safety should be the primary role of food business and producer entities.
  • Product diversification
    • Specific product branding for specific target markets
  • Ensure robustness of the food safety control system to provide for continued compliance.
core principles of a credible export assurance system
Core principles of a credible export assurance system
  • Should be hinged on legislative requirements – evolve legislative requirements - "Due diligence" principle
  • Must be transparent, should be auditable and provide for appropriate level of documentation to re-construct a system.
  • Ensure operators submit their methods to risk analysis and implement control measures.
  • Provide industry with a self assessment system for continuously ensuring compliance. Should be based on sector analysis
slide19

THANK YOU FOR YOUR ATTENTION:

KENYA PLANT HEALTH INSPECTORATE SERVICE (KEPHIS)

P. O. Box 49592-00100 Nairobi, Kenya.

Tel: +254-20-3536171 or 3536172

Fax: +254-20-3536175

E-mails: lnamu@kephis.org

Website: www.kephis.org