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The Foundational Doctrines of The Catholic Church. Who Are We?. “ Christ intended that there should be only one true Christian Church, for He always spoke of His Church as one.”

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The Foundational Doctrines of The Catholic Church


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    1. The Foundational Doctrines of The Catholic Church

    2. Who Are We? • “Christ intended that there should be only one true Christian Church, for He always spoke of His Church as one.” • “Baptism is necessary for the salvation of all men because Christ has said: “Unless a man be born again of water and the Spirit he cannot enter into the kingdom of God.” • “The Church of Christ

    3. The Catholic Church • “Christ intended that there should be only one true Christian Church, for He always spoke of His Church as one.” • “Baptism is necessary for the salvation of all men because Christ has said: “Unless a man be born again of water and the Spirit he cannot enter into the kingdom of God.” • (New Baltimore Catechism, Rev Francis Connell, p.87) • “The Church of Christ “subsists” in the Catholic Church” • (Crossing The Threshold of Hope, John Paul II, p.141, 1994)

    4. Augustine Of Hippo • “Augustine was probably the greatest and most influential mind of the Christian church throughout its long history. • (Christian Theology, Alister McGrath, p.12)

    5. Augustine Of Hippo • “Augustine may also be argued to have made key contributions to three major area of Christian theology: the doctrine of the church and sacraments, the doctrine of grace, and the doctrine of the Trinity” • (Christian Theology, Alister McGath, p.13)

    6. Augustine vs Pelagius • Augustine • Every person is connected to Adam’s sin in that everyone was there. • Pelagius • Each soul came into existence at the time of a person’s birth.

    7. Augustine vs Pelagius • Augustine • Because we all participated in the original sin, we all bear a co responsibility for the sin of Adam. • Pelagius • Sin is not something passed down from Adam, sin is an act done by each individual.

    8. Augustine vs Pelagius • Augustine • We all inherit from Adam a will that has already fallen, a will that chooses evil continually. Because of Sin the will is unable to choose good. • Pelagius • Man is basically good and is always able to choose good.

    9. Augustine vs Pelagius • Augustine • Because man is unable to choose good, God’s grace is a work from outside, a work that operates upon the will and causes it to turn to God in faith. • Pelagius • Grace are the helps God has provided people to reach their human potential, reason, free will, the law of God, the teachings and examples of Christ.

    10. Augustine’s Theology Is Adopted By The Catholic Church • “The Council of Carthage (418) decided for Augustine’s view on grace and sin, and condemned Pelagianism in uncompromising terms.” • (Christian Theology, Alister E. McGrath, p.23, 1993)

    11. Sacraments-The Relationship Between The Church And Grace • “No one can be saved without sanctifying grace, and the Catholic Church alone is the divinely established means by which grace is brought to the world and the full fruits of Our Lord’s Redemption are applied to men.” • (New Baltimore Catechism, Rev. Francis Connell, p.93)

    12. Sacraments-The Relationship Between The Church And Grace • “The principal way of obtaining grace are prayer and the sacraments, especially the Holy Eucharist.” • (New Baltimore Catechism, Rev. Francis Connell, p. 64)

    13. Sacrament-The Relationship Between The Church And Grace • “There are seven sacraments: Baptism, Confirmation, Holy Eucharist, Penance, Extreme Unction, Holy Orders, and Matrimony.” • (New Baltimore Catechism, Rev. Francis Connell, p. 178)

    14. Sacraments-The Relationship Between The Church And Grace • “God uses the seven sacraments as instruments to produce grace in our souls. Christ willed that the sacraments be administered by men who act in His name.” • (New Baltimore Catechism, Rev. Francis Connell, p. 179)

    15. How Are We Saved By Grace? • Romans 5:1-2 • Therefore, having been justified by faith, we have peace with God through our Lord Jesus Christ, 2 through whom also we have access by faith into this grace in which we stand, and rejoice in hope of the glory of God.

    16. The Catholics And Original Sin • “The sin which we inherit from our first parents is called original sin. This sin is called original because it comes down to us from our first parents, and we are brought into the world with its guilt on our soul.” • (Advanced Catechism, Rev. Thomas J. O’Brien, p.25)

    17. Augustine vs Ezekiel • “Every person is connected to Adam’s sin in that everyone was there. Because we all participated in the original sin, we all bear a co responsibility for the sin of Adam. (Augustine of Hippo) • Ezekiel 18:20 • The soul who sins shall die. The son shall not bear the guilt of the father, nor the father bear the guilt of the son. The righteousness of the righteous shall be upon himself, and the wickedness of the wicked shall be upon himself.

    18. The Catholics and Baptism • Baptism takes away original sin; and also actual sins and all the punishment due to them; • (New Baltimore Catechism and Mass, p.186)

    19. The Catholics and Baptism • “When in the fourth and fifth centuries the doctrine of original sin and consequently of the necessity of baptism for all became better known, the practice of infant baptism progressed rapidly.” • (Legislation on the New Code of Canon Law, p. 72)

    20. The Catholics and Baptism • “There is no express mention of the baptizing of infants in the New Testament” • (Question Box, p.243)

    21. The Catholics and Baptism • Acts 8:36-37 • 36 Now as they went down the road, they came to some water. And the eunuch said, "See, here is water. What hinders me from being baptized?" 37 Then Philip said,"If you believe with all your heart, you may." And he answered and said,"I believe that Jesus Christ is the Son of God."

    22. The Catholics and Baptism • Romans 6:4 • Therefore we are buried with him by baptism into death: • “Baptism took place by immersion in ancient times.” • (New Interpretation of the Mass, p.120)