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Scaling-Up the BIRN. “Building on the BIRN” Workshop National Institutes of Health Bethesda, MD March 22, 2004. Dr. Larry Smarr Director, California Institute for Telecommunications and Information Technologies Harry E. Gruber Professor, Dept. of Computer Science and Engineering

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scaling up the birn

Scaling-Up the BIRN

“Building on the BIRN” Workshop

National Institutes of Health

Bethesda, MD

March 22, 2004

Dr. Larry Smarr

Director, California Institute for Telecommunications and Information Technologies

Harry E. Gruber Professor,

Dept. of Computer Science and Engineering

Jacobs School of Engineering, UCSD

birn is a bisti leadership project for the national institutes of health
BIRN is a BISTI Leadership Project for the National Institutes of Health
  • Biomedical Information Science and Technology Initiative
    • BISTI Report to NIH Director: June 1999
  • Interdisciplinary Teams
    • Collaborating to Develop Mathematical Models, Write Software and Adapt Systems
  • Cooperation with Computer Science in:
    • Algorithm, Software, Database and System Development
  • Improved Access to Computing
    • Shared PC Clusters in Biomedical Laboratories to High-Performance Systems in National Centers
  • Workforce Development to Encompasses Every Level
    • Technician to Ph.D.
  • New Centers for Research and Teaching
    • People Competent in Biomedicine and Computation & Mathematics

Botstein-Smarr Report June 1999

www.nih.gov/about/director/060399.htm

cal it 2 an integrated approach the future of the internet
Cal-(IT)2--An Integrated Approach the Future of the Internet

BIRN Driven

220 UC San Diego & UC Irvine Faculty

Working in Multidisciplinary Teams

With Students, Industry, and the Community

www.calit2.net

birn cyberinfrastrucure must evolve riding multiple exponentials
BIRN Cyberinfrastrucure Must Evolve Riding Multiple Exponentials

Optical Fiber

(bits per second)

(Doubling time 9 Months)

Data Storage

(bits per square inch)

(Doubling time 12 Months)

Silicon Computer Chips

(Number of Transistors)

(Doubling time 18 Months)

Performance per Dollar Spent

0

1

2

3

4

5

Number of Years

Scientific American, January 2001

the optiputer project removing bandwidth as an obstacle in data intensive sciences
The OptIPuter Project – Removing Bandwidth as an Obstacle In Data Intensive Sciences
  • NSF Large Information Technology Research Proposal
    • Cal-(IT)2 and UIC Lead Campuses—Larry Smarr PI
      • Co-PIs Mark Ellisman, Phil Papadopoulos, Tom DeFanti, Jason Leigh
    • USC, SDSU, NW, Texas A&M, Univ. Amsterdam Partnering Campuses
  • Industrial Partners
    • IBM, Sun, Telcordia/SAIC, Chiaro Networks, Calient, Glimmerglass
  • $13.5 Million Over Five Years
  • Optical IP Streams From Lab Clusters to Large Data Objects

NIH Biomedical Informatics

NSF EarthScope and ORION

Research Network

http://ncmir.ucsd.edu/gallery.html

siovizcenter.ucsd.edu/library/gallery/shoot1/index.shtml

what is the optiputer next generation cyberinfrastructure
What is the OptIPuter?Next Generation Cyberinfrastructure
  • Applications Drivers  Interactive Large Data Objects
  • OptIPuter Nodes  Scalable PC Cluster LambdaGrid “Browser”
  • IP over Lambda Connectivity Predictable Network
  • Open Source LambdaGrid Middleware Can Reserve Network
  • Data Retrieval and Mining  Global Virtual Disk Drives
  • High Def Visualization, Collaboration  “UltraReality TV”
optiputer driver on line microscopes creating very large biological montage images
OptIPuter Driver: On-Line Microscopes CreatingVery Large Biological Montage Images
  • 2-Photon Laser Confocal Microscope
    • High Speed On-line Capability
  • Montage Image Sizes Exceed 16x Highest Resolution Monitors
    • ~150 Million Pixels!
  • Use Graphics Cluster with Multiple GigEs to Drive Tiled Displays

IBM 9M Pixels

Source: David Lee, NCMIR, UCSD

ultra resolution displays driven by graphics clusters scaling to 100 million pixels
Ultra-Resolution Displays Driven by Graphics Clusters Scaling to 100 Million Pixels
  • JuxtaView (UIC EVL) on Tiled LCD GeoWall2
    • Digital Montage Viewer
    • 8000x3600 Pixel Resolution~30M Pixels Now
    • Building a 75M Pixel Wall
  • Display Is Powered By:
    • 16 PCs with Graphics Cards
    • 2 Gigabit Networking per PC
  • Linked by Dedicated Multi-Gigabit Light Pipes
    • Research on Adding Stereo HD Collaboration

Brain Microscopy

Source: Jason Leigh, EVL, UIC; USGS EROS

exploring high performance lambdagrid collaboration
Exploring High Performance LambdaGrid Collaboration

Falko Kuester, Cal-(IT)2@UCI,

Collaboration Laboratory

with Smart Boards and

Optically Connected Large Screens

With UCI Potkin and UCSD Ellisman

BIRN Laboratories

slide12
OptIPuter Driver: Gigabit Fibers on the Ocean FloorNSF’s ORION-Ocean Research Interactive Ocean Network

www.neptune.washington.edu

Based on BIRN

Cyberinfrastructure

Cyberinfrastructure in Design Phase--

Fiber Optic Cables

Satellite

Wireless

the ucsd optiputer deployment

UCSD is Prototyping a Campus-Scale OptIPuter

The UCSD OptIPuter Deployment

0.320 Tbps

Backplane

Bandwidth

Juniper

T320

20X

6.4 Tbps

Backplane

Bandwidth

Chiaro

Estara

½ Mile

NCMIR and

BIRN CC

To CENIC

Dedicated Fibers

Between Sites Link

Linux Clusters

SDSC

SDSC

SDSC Annex

SDSCAnnex

Preuss

High School

JSOE

Engineering

CRCA

SOM

Medicine

6thCollege

Phys. Sci -Keck

Collocation

Node M

Earth Sciences

SIO

Source: Phil Papadopoulos, SDSC;

Greg Hidley, Cal-(IT)2

the 30 year old tcp ip model of sharing the internet has its penalties
The 30-Year Old TCP/IP Model of Sharing the Internet Has Its Penalties

Shared Internet2

Speed Limit

~50 Mbps

On a 10,000 Mbps

Backbone!

(½ of 1% Efficiency)

Similar Results

for BIRN

14

the optiputer will become a national scale collaboratory in 2004
The OptIPuter Will Become aNational-Scale Collaboratory in 2004

NEPTUNE

Chicago

OptIPuter

StarLight

NU, UIC

NASA

Goddard

NASA

Ames

In

Discussion

USC, UCI

UCSD, SDSU

SoCal

OptIPuter

“National Lambda Rail” Partnership

Serves Very High-End Experimental and Research Applications

4 x 10Gb Wavelengths Initially

Capable of 40 x 10Gb wavelengths at Buildout

Paves the Way

for “BIRN II”

Source: Tom West, CEO, NLR

optiputer infrastructure is international global lambda integrated facility glif
OptIPuter Infrastructure Is International: Global Lambda Integrated Facility: GLIF

NewYork

MANLAN

Stockholm

NorthernLight

10 Gbit/s

IEEAF

10 Gbit/s

10 Gbit/s

2.5 Gbit/s

2.5 Gbit/s

10 Gbit/s

SURFnet

10 Gbit/s

CA*net4

Amsterdam

NetherLight

Dwingeloo

ASTRON/JIVE

Chicago

StarLight

Tokyo

WIDE

10 Gbit/s

IEEAF

10 Gbit/s

DWDM

SURFnet

NSF

10 Gbit/s

10 Gbit/s

10 Gbit/s

2.5 Gbit/s

Tokyo

APAN

SURFnet

10 Gbit/s

2.5 Gbit/s

10 Gbit/s

London

UKLight

Geneva

CERN

Prague

CzechLight

Source: Kees Neggers,

SURFnet