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Congestion Mitigation: Options for Evaluation New York City Traffic Congestion Mitigation Commission January 10, 2008. Report Outline. Introduction Background: the Mayor’s Plan Public Comment and Evaluation Criteria Research Agenda Options for Evaluation Appendices.

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Congestion Mitigation:Options for Evaluation

New York City Traffic Congestion Mitigation Commission

January 10, 2008


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Report Outline

  • Introduction

  • Background: the Mayor’s Plan

  • Public Comment and Evaluation Criteria

  • Research Agenda

  • Options for Evaluation

  • Appendices


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Interagency Working Group

  • New York City Department of Transportation (NYCDOT)

  • New York State Department of Transportation (NYSDOT)

  • Metropolitan Transportation Authority (MTA)

  • Port Authority of New York and New Jersey (PANYNJ)


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Five options for evaluation

  • Mayor’s congestion pricing plan

  • Alternative congestion pricing plan

  • Tolling the East River and Harlem River bridges

  • License plate rationing

  • Combination of parking and taxi policies


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Mayor’s Plan

  • 86th Street northern boundary

  • Free periphery

  • Intra-zonal charge

  • Inbound and outbound charge

  • 6.7% VMT reduction

  • $224m capital cost

  • $649m gross revenue (annual)

  • $229m operating costs

  • $420m net revenue


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Strengths and Weaknesses: Mayor’s Plan

Weaknesses

  • High capital and annual operating costs

  • Complex to implement

  • Does not charge taxis or for-hire vehicles

  • 340 charging sites raise greater privacy concerns

Strengths

  • Reduces VMT by 6.7%

  • Intrazonal trips subject to $4 congestion fee

  • Free periphery allows through drivers to use the FDR and Route 9A without paying


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Alternative congestion pricing plan

  • 60th Street northern boundary

  • Charged periphery

  • No intra-zonal charge

  • Inbound charge only

  • 6.8% VMT reduction

  • $73m capital cost

  • $582m gross revenue (annual)

  • $62m operating costs

  • $520m net revenue

  • $1 surcharge on taxi and for-hire vehicle trips in the CBD

  • Increase meter rates in the CBD

  • Eliminate Manhattan resident parking tax exemption in the CBD


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Strengths and Weaknesses: Alternative congestion pricing plan

Weaknesses

  • Does not offer a free peripheral route for through trips (for example from Brooklyn to the Bronx)

  • Some intrazonal auto trips would not be subject to any new fee or tax

Strengths

  • Reduces VMT by 6.8%

  • Lower capital and operating costs than the Mayor’s Plan

  • Charges taxi and for-hire vehicle trips in the CBD

  • Easier to implement than the Mayor’s plan


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East River and Harlem River Bridge Tolls plan

  • Per trip toll

  • East River and Harlem River bridges

  • MTA toll structure

  • 24 hour

  • 7.0% VMT reduction

  • $67m capital cost

  • $947m gross revenue (annual)

  • $88m operating costs

  • $859m net revenue


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Strengths and Weaknesses: Tolling plan

Weaknesses

  • As a 24/7 toll, would charge drivers who do not contribute to congestion

  • Would not charge intra-Manhattan travel

  • Per trip charges would have a large impact on commercial vehicle operations

  • Harlem River tolls would impact local trips between South Bronx and Harlem/Washington Heights

Strengths

  • 7.0% VMT reduction

  • Highest net revenue

  • Lower capital and operating expenses than the Mayor’s plan

  • Eliminates the need to match transactions to calculate a daily charge

  • Would enable City, MTA, and PA to move toward a uniform tolling strategy for Manhattan


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License Plate Rationing plan

  • 86th Street northern boundary

  • 20% vehicle ban

  • Assumes that DMVs in Tri-state area each create a system to register license plates by household

  • 10.3% VMT reduction

  • No revenue generated

  • Capital and operating costs depend on method of implementation


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Strengths and Weaknesses: Rationing plan

Weaknesses

  • Requires tri-state area DMVs to institute a household- based licensing system

  • Does not generate revenue

  • Restricts ability of businesses to make deliveries

  • Reduces revenue to MTA and PA

Strengths

  • Reduces VMT by 10.3%

  • All drivers impacted equally


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Combination of parking and taxi policies plan

  • Eliminate parking tax exemption for Manhattan residents

  • Increase parking tax from 18.375% to 38.375% in Manhattan

  • Increase on-street parking rates in the CBD

  • Eliminate 10,000 placards used to commute to jobs in the CBD

  • Impose $2 overnight on-street parking fee in the CBD

  • $8 surcharge for taxi and for-hire vehicle trips below 86 Street

  • 3.2% VMT reduction

  • $660m gross revenue (annual)

  • Capital and operating costs unknown

  • ~$660 net revenue


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Strengths and Weaknesses: Combination of parking and taxi policies

  • Not further evaluated (did not meet 6.3% VMT reduction threshold)


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