Equal Employment Opportunity. Introduction. Almost every organization, public and private, must abide by the Civil Rights Act its amendment Labor Laws Labor Regulations other federal laws regulating employment. Laws Affecting Discriminatory Practices. The Pregnancy Discrimination Act
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Companies may not
1. has a physical or mental impairment that substantially limits one or more life activities
2. has a history or record of such impairment
3. is perceived by others as having such impairment
Covers not only those with mobility and communication disabilities, but those with HIV/AIDS and intellectual disabilities.
Medical Leave Act
The public holidays, sick leave, annual leave, maternity leave, special leave, leave with or without remuneration etc. to be enjoyed by the workers and employees of each enterprise shall be as prescribed.6*4o
HRM practices can be challenged by anyone, and HRM must be able to defend its practices.
Laws affecting HRM vary greatly by country.
60/100-hour work-weeks not uncommon. China’s recent labor laws seek to protect employees from such practices
Canadian laws closely parallel those in the U.S.
In Mexico, employees more likely to be unionized
Australia’s discrimination laws not enacted until the 1980s
Representative participation (work councils and board representatives) put labor on par with management and stockholders
more important human resource issues
Court rulings have increasingly constrained
Nepal: Rare case where employer has won a case against employee
Employee Monitoring and
How to balance security with employees’ rights? That is the question!
Employee Monitoring and
Technology has blurred the line between public and private.
HRM concerns: favoritism charges, ethics breeches, low productivity, even workplace violence
Allows dismissal of employees at any time for any reason except race, religion, sex, national origin, age, or disability.
The most frequent violations requiring
(1) Any worker or employee, who does any act of misconduct as mentioned in clauses (i), (j) or (m) of Section 51 may be punished by reprimanding.
Even tardiness can lead to disciplinary action.
Real people’s “real” reasons for being late to work:
“My heat was shut off so I had to stay home to keep my snake warm.”
“My husband thinks it’s funny to hide my car keys before he goes to work.“
“My father didn’t wake me up.”
“My bike tire went flat after a groundhog bit it.“
“A gurney fell out of an ambulance and delayed traffic.”
“I feel as if I’m in everyone’s way if I show up on time.“
warning, suspension, dismissal)
Allow employees to have a representative present for disciplinary meetings.
Discipline and Employee Rights