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ALLIANCE COHESION & STRATEGY; US-EUROPEAN RELATIONS; PAST AND PRESENT. Donald Abenheim Hoover Institution Naval Postgraduate School X.2005. Note: Opinions here are those of author and not of the US Government and should be construed as such. BUZZ WORDS THAT CRY OUT FOR ELUCIDATION.

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alliance cohesion strategy us european relations past and present

ALLIANCE COHESION & STRATEGY; US-EUROPEAN RELATIONS; PAST AND PRESENT

Donald Abenheim

Hoover Institution

Naval Postgraduate School

X.2005

Note: Opinions here are those of author and not of the US Government and should be construed as such.

buzz words that cry out for elucidation
BUZZ WORDS THAT CRY OUT FOR ELUCIDATION
  • Chas Krauthammer, Unipolar Moment, ca. 1991
  • Early 2002, SECDEF Rumsfeld; DEPSECDEf Wolfowitz
  • coalition of the willing…
  • The mission defines the coalition…
  • Robert Kagan, “Of Paradise and Power”
us statecraft alliances ideas
US STATECRAFT, ALLIANCES, IDEAS
  • 1796- Washington’s Farewell Address
  • 1823- Monroe Doctrine
  • 1941- Atlantic Charter
  • 1948/9- Washington Treaty
  • 1999- Mission defines the Coalition
  • 2001/2002- Coalitions of the Willing
ideengeschichte history of ideas
IDEENGESCHICHTE: HISTORY OF IDEAS
  • Dominant ideas among strategic elites
  • Making of strategy; role of allies
  • Democratic civil-military relations
  • US-European relations as case study
  • Baleful effect of polemics
  • Desideratum of informed, historical-political reflection
question of the hour does the mission really define the coaltion
QUESTION OF THE HOUR: DOES THE MISSION REALLY DEFINE THE COALTION?
  • More here than merely isolationism vs. unilateralism, as visible in cock-eyed debate of 2002-2004
  • Interests versus Ideals
  • New ideas or recycled ideas from a problematic past
  • Freedom of national action vs. strategic efficacy of collective defense
collective security vs national defense
COLLECTIVE SECURITY VS. NATIONAL DEFENSE
  • 60 th Anniversary of D-Day, June 2004
  • History Channel, “Greatest Generation” syndrome, fetish of tactics, good feeling
  • Lack of context, lack of understanding of alliance cohesion in European campaign in its totality.
  • No mention of 20 July 1944
  • No understanding of Dwight Eisenhower as a figure of alliance cohesion
  • Biography of Dwight Eisenhower as point of departure
24 january 1923 vs 6 june 1944
24 JANUARY 1923 VS. 6 JUNE 1944
  • US withdrawal from Rhineland in wake of failed peace settlement in 1919
  • US unilateralism vs. co-victor of 1918
  • Refutation of April 1917
  • No to US balanced presence in Europe
  • 1934-1942: Struggle over US grand strategy
  • Role of US, UK & USSR
role of us military in alliance politics 1903 1947
ROLE OF US MILITARY IN ALLIANCE POLITICS, 1903-1947
  • Origins of mission defines the coalition
  • Reaction to experience of 1917-1931
  • Inter service struggle over grand strategy
  • Navy vs. Army
  • Europe vs. Asia
  • Stanley Embick, world historical figure, Anglophobe
generational changes cold war events
GENERATIONAL CHANGES, COLD WAR EVENTS
  • Eisenhower vs MacArthur
  • Skepticism towards allies; alliances
  • Examples in the early-1950’s
  • MacArthur’s firing, 1951
  • France, Indo China, 1954
  • Suez, 1956
power vs values
POWER VS. VALUES
  • How Atlantic alliance works?
  • Contrast to buzz words: Ideas, value as point of departure
  • Values define the alliance
  • Values, Rhetoric, burden-sharing/shifting
  • Consultation and Consensus
  • Influence of Europeans on US strategy
  • Dean Acheson, Dwight Eisenhower, Colin Powell
so what the present and future of alliances in gwot
SO WHAT? THE PRESENT AND FUTURE OF ALLIANCES IN GWOT
  • Issues: 11 March 2004: 7 July 2005
  • Coalition of the Willing in 2005/6
  • Burden-shifting, impact on US forces
  • Alliance cohesion in security building in Iraq
  • Utility of ex-Yugoslav model as path not taken in Iraq
  • Impact on international system of 2002/3
  • Iran as the US/European problem of now.
so what continued
SO WHAT? CONTINUED….
  • Strategy vs. Polemics
  • Disutility of Red-Blue follies as concerns collective defense in the 21st century
  • Role of informed reflection about the past vs. breast-beating, tub-thumping, eye-gouging
  • Values as basis of alliance are the US national interest.
  • Questions of alliance cohesion too important to be left to polemics, historical half-truths.