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Jerzy M Langer Polish Academy of Sciences

Jerzy M Langer Polish Academy of Sciences

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Jerzy M Langer Polish Academy of Sciences

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  1. Partnership is a two-way street the FP vs. national instruments Jerzy M Langer Polish Academy of Sciences “Researchers in Europe without Barriers” Prague, April 28 –29, 2009

  2. SCIENTISTS WORK AND PUBLISH TOGETHER COURTESY - PROF. A. K. WRÓBLEWSKI, 2005 2

  3. Hungary - 8 times Hungary, Poland Poland - 6 times 5 times JOINT PUBLICATIONS with the USA 1980-1995 with the EU This is why science in the EU NMS survived 2nd EUROPEAN REPORT ON S&T INDICATORS, EC - 1997

  4. TWO POINTS OF VIEW SCIENTISTS WORK TOGETHER cooperation tools welcome, but coordination acceptable only at the project level (we know best what is good for us) ADMINISTRATORS, POLICY & DECISION MAKERS have another perspective, hence coordination likely, provided they do not lose power and importance

  5. EU-25 NETWORKS OF EXCELLENCE

  6. THE 2 SPEED EUROPE A huge and so far unusedpotentialliesdormantinthenew EU states The western part of ourcontinenthas so far beensendingassemblyplantsratherthen scientific knowledgeorresearchknow-how to the East. The EU shouldseek to redresstheimbalance by establishingreserachinfrastructuresinstrugglingcountries. Miroslav Topolanek – Czech Prime Minister 22 Jan 2009

  7. SCIENCE SPECIALISATION IN EU v v v v v v v v KEY FIGURES 2005, DG Res, EC

  8. FP7 AND MS GERD (2006) GERD 2006 EU -27 214 bln € USA 274 bln € Japan 118 bln € China 30 bln €

  9. AVERAGE CONTRACT IN FP6 Av 250 k€ Av 112 k€

  10. RETOUR AND GERDORDERING OF MS IS BY INCREASING GERD

  11. THE FP IS NOT THAT SMALL MONEY! GERD 2006 EU -27 214 bln €

  12. THE NEED FOR RADICAL REFORMS • Putting R&D and innovation as a pillar of Lisbon Strategy is correct, but... • ...accelerating the transition from a resource-based society to a knowledge-based society requires mobilisation of a broad range of actions beyond R&D and innovation"Creating an Innovative Europe" Innovative Europe" , Report of the E. Aho group, Feb. 2006

  13. BARRIERS FOR JOINT UNDERTAKINGS • Specific national rulings • Review schemes (national - must) • Resident vs. non-resident financing • What allowed (e.g. stem cells, GMOs, etc) • Diverse funding schemes • Ministries vs. Research Councils • Different fiscal rules and scales • Full vs. partial cost, backup funds • Different budgetary rules (e.g. yearly base) • Different priorities and legal consequences • Different scale of resources • GERD (0,35 – 4,5%)

  14. European Commission an initiator an observer –ERA watch a guardian a „facilitator” (financial, personnel) a legal advisor information provider externalise fund distribution Member States abandon „just retour” accept a „common pot” agree on benchmarking and its consequences - openness harmonise procedures (e.g. on peer review, English as acceptable legal language in proposal submittals, timing,…) EU- portability of grants A NEW DEAL URGENTLY NEEDED ! Evolution of fund distribution EC DGsExecutiveAgenciesEuropeanCouncils

  15. LEGAL FRAMEWORK EU TREATY – CHAPTER XVIII • Art. 166 Framework Program • Art. 165 Community and MS shallcoordinatetheirresearch … to ensurethat national and Community Policy aremutuallyconsistent • Art. 169 EC + MS jointlyfundedprograms • Art. 171 New structurespossible (EU Parliamentinvolved)

  16. EUROPE´S MOTIVE FOR FP8 AND BEYOND FP6 Ex-post evaluation: Report on Findingsofthe Expert Group EUROPEAN EXCELLENCE THROUGH GLOBAL COOPERATION AND COMPETITION Back to roots of science, rules of good practice, focus on talents, excellence and ideas, to a mission! SCIENCE IS NOT ABOUT MONEY! http://ec.europa.eu/research/reports/2009/pdf/fp6_evaluation_final_report_en.pdf

  17. A NEW ROLE OF FP ON EUROPEAN MAP • Grand Challenges • Large Problem-driven programmes • Quality and originality but also relevance • Great Ideas – Moving frontiers • Bottom-up approach • Quality and originality are the sole criteria • Help to realise what MS cannot do alone • Research Infrastructure and access to it • Stimulate and ease multilateral collaboration (ERA-NETs +) The European grant should become the highest distinction and a career milestone

  18. EUROPEAN SOCIETIES AND ASSOCIATIONS • Currently the dialogue is mostly between MS and EC • Some role (no adequate) of EUROHORC • Creation of the ERC showed what can research society at large accomplish, if united. • Learned societies have always been a „glue” for researchers. Example of AAAS shows that may also be powerful (involves society at large! Europe lacks such bodies and this is a missing pillar of a research triangle: ESF, EUROSCIENCE, ALLEA, EUA backed by large pan-European Foundations must get stronger and be heard and listened by decision makers

  19. If Europe in the XX century could agree on common coal & steel and then agricultural policies, why then not to have common Research, Education and Innovation policies for the XXI century? From ERA to REI How is it possible to expect that mankind will take advice, when they will not so much as take warning? Jonathan Swift The Battle of the Books and Other Short Pieces

  20. Ourgloriousintellectual past must make youngEuropeansinvolved. THERE!!! Alcalá de Henares – thetown of Cervantes, 2009