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Factors to consider in Project Development

Factors to consider in Project Development

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Factors to consider in Project Development

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  1. Factors to consider in Project Development • Selection of appropriate technology (or appropriate design) • Preparation of Feasibility Study • Undertaking simple economic analysis • Determining resource requirements and sources, and undertaking resource mobilization • Social and Environmental Safeguards

  2. Selection of appropriate technology (or appropriate design) • Is determined by the following factors: • type of user - the planners have to consider the type of users (e.g. women, children, persons with disability) to be more socially responsive. • local resources available - Available standard design may not apply on difficult areas where local resources (materials) are available. This may have big effect on sub-project cost (cost effective SPs)

  3. - In the selection process, it is important to consider whether these standard designs can be applied to local conditions. For some, standards could mean technical specifications of materials to be used for such intervention. These technical specifications may not be applicable in some communities but the standard functional design, or the purpose for which it is applied, can be the same.

  4. c. geographical location of the community - this involves identifying a wide range of applicable options based on the geographical location and the socio-cultural orientation of the community. d. Cost Effectiveness during SPI and O & M

  5. PROJECT DEVELOPMENT SEQUENCE OF ACTIVITIES Selection of appropriate Technology and Design Pre-Engineering Social and Environmental Feasibility (possible impact and mitigating measures) Technical Feasibility (tariff setting with data from engineering design and O & M program) Organizational and Management Feasibility Financial and Economic Analysis Resource Requirements and Mobilization Proposal Preparation

  6. SELECTION OF APPROPRIATE TECHNOLOGY/DESIGN

  7. FOR BUILDINGS: - STANDARD DESIGN - ALTERNATIVE DESIGN

  8. FOR WATER SYSTEMS: LEVEL1 LEVEL 2 Any level will generally depend on the capacity of the community to pay monthly bill, and on the community’s lifestyle

  9. FOR ROADS: ROAD WIDTH SELECTION Selection of Road Width will depend on the following: Traffic Volume Mode of Transportation Geographical Location and Condition

  10. Continuation of ROADS: APPLICATION OF DESIGN LIMITS 1 layer of gravelling for road improvement 2 layers of gravelling for earth road and road construction If possible, road profile should generally follow the existing slope of the area/old road PCCP should only be along critical slopes or should not exceed a volume of 180 m3 whichever is smaller

  11. FOR BRIDGE (RCDG and Hanging bridge): Traffic Volume/Data Mode of Transportation Sub-surface Data Hydrologic/Hydraulic Data Geographical Location and Condition

  12. Evidence of Under-predicted Flood Magnitude