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1ER CONGRESO INTERNACIONAL DE BIOCOMBUSTIBLES The Brazilian Experience on Biofuels. Luthero Winter Moreira Downstream Area. Guadalajara, Mayo 07-08, 2008. Disclosure.

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slide1

1ER CONGRESO INTERNACIONAL DE BIOCOMBUSTIBLES

The Brazilian Experience on Biofuels

Luthero Winter Moreira

Downstream Area

Guadalajara, Mayo 07-08, 2008.

slide2

Disclosure

The presentation may contain forecasts about future events. Such forecasts merely reflect the expectations of the Company's management. Such terms as "anticipate", "believe", "expect", "forecast", "intend", "plan", "project", "seek", "should", along with similar or analogous expressions, are used to identify such forecasts. These predictions evidently involve risks and uncertainties, whether foreseen or not by the Company. Therefore, the future results of operations may differ from current expectations, and readers must not base their expectations exclusively on the information presented herein. The Company is not obliged to update the presentation/such forecasts in light of new information or future developments.

slide3

Ethanol: 30 Years of Experience

Fuel Ethanol Program Evolution

Cellulosic Ethanol and

Renewable

Hydrogen

Program of Emission Control

(PROCONVE)

Ethanol

Program

Implanted

(BLENDS)

Gasohol and Flex Fuel Cars

Gasohol and

Ethanol Cars

(2nd oil shock)

Environmental Benefits

Program for Oil Imports Reduction

70’s

80´S

90´S

00´S

Future

slide4

Brazil is the 1st country to get benefits from Ethanol

Original drivers were energy security and economic attractiveness.Today environmental benefits are also a consideration.

CNG

ETHANOL

GASOLINE

160000

Fuel demand for Otto Cycle Vehicles

140000

120000

10000

80000

60000

Accumulated effective economy:1 billion boe ~US$ 52 bi

40000

20000

Source: MME, BEN 2006

1000 BEP

0

1972

1976

1980

1984

1988

1992

1996

2000

2004

In this period, the use of ethanol avoided 644 million tons of CO2 emissions.

a brief history of ethanol and petrobras by the end of oil monopoly
A Brief History of Ethanol and Petrobras by the End of Oil Monopoly
  • 1976/1977
  • PB creates the first task force to study blending operations
  • PB starts to convert storage tanks and tankers for ethanol transportation
  • 1986/1997
  • PB issues over 130 papers and studies on all aspects of ethanol handling and distribution
  • PB consolidates over 40 internal procedures related to ethanol handling

1978/1979

- PB starts to export fuel ethanol

- The first 35 PB service station pumps for ethanol are installed (SP and RJ)

1980/1981

- PB develops LUBRAX, the first lubricant for ethanol cars

- PB is appointed responsible for handling the safety stock of ethanol

- PB starts to produce ethene from ethanol

  • 1982/1983
  • PB broadens its scope and encompasses internal market as well as international market for ethanol
  • PB concludes coastal shipping plans for ethanol

1973

OIL SHOCK

Source of ethanol production data: UNICA

Source of Petrobras developments: PETROBRAS

a brief history of ethanol and petrobras after the end of oil monopoly
A Brief History of Ethanol and Petrobras after the End of Oil Monopoly

1997/2007

- PB issues over 80 new papers and studies on all aspects of ethanol handling and distribution

- PB updates its internal procedures related to ethanol handling, including new technologies for Pipeline Integrity Management and dye handling

1997

- Creation of Petrobras Transporte and end of PB monopoly in the Brazilian oil market

2005

- Petrobras Transporte converts in 15 days 80,000 m3 from diesel to ethanol. It’s the first increase in storage capacity since 2003

- Petrobras Transporte has to adapt it’s logistics to handle the dyed ethanol. From that point on, there would be 3 different specifications of ethanol in the PB system

  • 1998/2001
  • The Brazilian market starts to adjust itself to the new rules

2003

- The first contracts to follow the new rules established in 1997 for ethanol transportation in multi-product pipelines are signed

2001

- After a steep drop, the price of oil reaches its lowest point

Source of ethanol production data: UNICA

Source of Petrobras developments: PETROBRAS

slide7

Estimated Ethanol Production in 2008 – 70.5 Billion Liters

North and Central America45.8%

Europe

9.2%

Brazil

32%

Asia & Africa

12.4%

South America

32.6%

More than 75% of all ethanol is produced by Brazil and USA. Brazilian exports in 2007: 3.5 billion liters.

World ethanol consumption is 3.7% of gasoline market.

Increasing ethanol blending in the world to 10% would represent 187 billion liters.

Source: F.O.Licht

slide8

Petrobras Partnerships to Introduce Ethanol as a Fuel

  • Nigeria / South Africa
  • :: Petrobras is providing technical cooperation in logistics
  • and blending know-how.
  • Japan
  • :: Recently, Petrobras has incorporated Brazil-Japan Ethanol Inc.
  • (Joint Venture of Petrobras and Japan Alcohol Trading);
  • :: The Company will import and distribute Brazilian ethanol in Japan;
  • :: Development of technical and commercial solutions for a reliable, long term supply of ethanol to the Japanese market;
  • :: Petrobras intends to introduce fuel ethanol into one of the most complex and important energy markets in the world:
  • • ethanol for power generation,
    • fuels distribution in Japanese market,
    • logistics for distribution of ethanol in Japan and other Asian markets.
slide9

R&D - Petrobras Projects on Biofuels

Research on lignocellulosic ethanol (2nd generation biofuels) using sugar cane bagasse as raw material:

- Pilot plant start-up: 4thQ 2007;

- Demonstration plant start-up: 3rdQ 2010;

- Property of process (patent already issued).

HBIO: process of crude oil refining that uses vegetable oils as raw material to obtain a cleaner diesel oil by hydrogenation of a blend of diesel and vegetable oil.

Biodiesel: research on new raw materials, improvement of industrial process, quality of product, and tests with engines.

slide11

Business Strategies

Renewable Energy

2008-2012 Investments

2012 Target

US$ 1.5 billion Investments

Biodiesel Plants

Availability of 938,000 m3/year

H-Bio (Bio-Refining)

Vegetable oil Processing

1.6 million m³/year

Ethanol pipelines

Export of 4.7 million m³/year of Ethanol

Ethanol Project Vessel

Aeolic Energy

Installed Capacity of Generation of Electric Power from 365 MW Renewable Sources

Solar Energy

Other Sources of Renewable Energy

Total avoided GHG emissions: 3.93 MM tons CO2 equivalent

slide12

Final Comments

Petrobras will continue to invest on: development of international markets for ethanol, improvement of Brazilian export infrastructure, and R&D of new production technologies (lignocellulosic process and BTL).

Petrobras’ investment on the development of feasible production technologies of 2nd generation biofuels will assure, in the long-term, the regular supply of renewable fuels, in a fully sustainable manner – regarding economical, environmental and social aspects – along the production chain.

In summary, Petrobras’ investments on biofuels contribute to reduce emissions of fossil fuels, generating environmental benefits and increasing social inclusion by creation of jobs in rural areas.

slide13

Vision 2015

Petrobras will be an integrated energy company with a strong international presence and a leading force in Latin America, working with a focus on profitability and social and environmental responsibility.