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Changing Education Paradigms --Ken Robinson. Education as Institution. Education as Institution. Roles of our Education system: Two primary roles Socialization S ocial reproduction. Education as Institution. Socialization Cultural transmission Rules of appropriate behavior

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education as institution1
Education as Institution
  • Roles of our Education system:
    • Two primary roles
      • Socialization
      • Social reproduction
education as institution2
Education as Institution
  • Socialization
    • Cultural transmission
    • Rules of appropriate behavior
    • Prepare students for future employment
    • Civic participation
    • The “Hidden Curriculum”
education as institution3
Education as Institution
  • The “Hidden Curriculum”
    • Behaviors and attitudes taught in schools that are not included within the formal curriculum
    • Teaches students:
      • Punctuality
      • Passive consumption of ideas
      • To obey authority
      • To accept existing social order and their place in it
    • E.g., tardies, hall passes, completion points, doing what teachers assign, The Pledge of Allegiance
slide8

I pledge allegiance

to the flag

of The United States of America,

and to the republic for which it stands,

(under God),

one nation

indivisible,

with liberty and justice for all.

education as institution4
Education as Institution
  • Social Reproduction
    • The ways social institutions help perpetuate social and economic characteristics (in many cases, inequalities) across generations
    • Applied to education, it represents the means whereby schools influence the learning of values, attitudes, habits and expectations within the “hidden curriculum.”
more on social reproduction
More on Social Reproduction
  • What are the chances you’ll someday have a college degree?

This is an intersection between

the social institutions of

education and economy!

  • If your family income is over $90,000, chances are 1 in 2.
  • If your family income is between $35-61,000, chances are 1 in 10.
  • If your family income is less than $35,000, chances are 1 in 17.
educational attainment in the us age 25 and over 2012
Educational Attainment in the USAge 25 and Over (2012)
  • High school graduate = 87.65%
  • Some college = 57.28%
  • Associate's and/or Bachelor's degree = 40.58%
  • Bachelor's degree = 30.94%
  • Master's degree = 8.05%
  • Doctorate or professional degree = 3.07%
bowles and gintis schooling in capitalist america
Bowles and Gintis:Schooling in Capitalist America
  • Years of schooling and economic achievement are correlated; however, intelligence (I.Q.) is not.
    • You have equal likelihood of being “unintelligent” and rich as you do “unintelligent” and poor (same goes for being “smart”)
  • Increasing education does not appreciably raise cognitive skills or I.Q. (p.110-111)
bowles and gintis schooling in capitalist america1
Bowles and Gintis:Schooling in Capitalist America
  • If cognitive skills do not explain the variation in economic success, what do you suppose does?
bowles and gintis schooling in capitalist america2
Bowles and Gintis:Schooling in Capitalist America
  • Main findings of their study:
    • Dispute claims that education provides the cognitive skills that lead to economic success
    • Contend the education system serves to legitimate inequality in capitalist society
    • Argue that schools act as seemingly meritocratic mechanisms to assign individuals to unequal economic positions
      • In other words, schools sort us