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Hoovervilles and The Great Depression. Junior Composition The Grapes of Wrath. Hoovervilles. The Great Depression began in 1929 and lasted approximately a decade. During the Great Depression, shantytowns appeared across the U.S. as unemployed people were evicted from their homes.

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hoovervilles and the great depression

Hoovervilles and The Great Depression

Junior Composition

The Grapes of Wrath

hoovervilles
Hoovervilles
  • The Great Depression began in 1929 and lasted approximately a decade.
  • During the Great Depression, shantytowns appeared across the U.S. as unemployed people were evicted from their homes.
  • As the Depression worsened in the 1930s, many looked to the federal government for assistance.
hoovervilles1
Hoovervilles
  • Hoover believed that government assistance was not necessary to ameliorate the economic crisis at hand.
  • When the government failed to provide relief, President Herbert Hoover (1874-1964) was blamed for the intolerable economic and social conditions.
  • The shantytowns that cropped up across the nation became known as Hoovervilles.
    • Democratic National Committee publicity director and longtime newspaper reporter Charles Michelson (1868-1948) is credited with coining the term, which first appeared in print in 1930.
hoovervilles2
Hoovervilles
  • The highly unpopular Hoover, a Republican, was defeated in the 1932 presidential election by Democrat Franklin Roosevelt (1882-1945).
  • FDR’s New Deal recovery programs eventually helped lift the U.S. out of the Depression.
  • In the early 1940s, most remaining Hoovervilles were torn down.
hoovervilles today
Hoovervilles TODAY!
  • As America's housing and economic crisis worsened through 2009, homelessness was on the rise.
  • Encampments and shantytowns often referred to as tent cities--with similarities to Hoovervilles--began appearing in parts of California, Arizona, Tennessee, Florida, Washington and other states.
  • Many of Obama’s policies have similarities to FDR’s New Deal policies.
  • In addition, both softened the effects of the economic recession on Americans.