France and its communities. Introduction : the inexistence of minorities in France.
=> Is this model successful? Is French nation unified, and do the communities live their peacefully without racism nor discrimination?
=> Obviously, French integration model of assimilation is not successful. Racism seems to be more and more present. So the question whether the republican model need to be changed is a very burning one.
According to an official poll from the High Committee of Audiovisual, in 2005:
Main communities in France:
=> The “Muslim community”, namely persons issued of countries where Islam is the main religion, isbetween 3.5 and 6 millions(varying according to the source!).
Here are some results of the official poll from the High Committee of Audiovisual, in 2005.
According to you, who are the main victims of racism in France?
=> Of course this poll is only representative of the feeling of French people (who they feel are victims of racism). As explained previously, no figures are available to confirm such statements.
=> The most significant example of community suffering from racism and discrimination in France is certainly North African / Muslim community
Northern African / Muslims
A young Muslim girl is manifesting to show that wearing the veil is not incompatible with being French, and being attached to France
The riots in French suburbs in October 2005 contributed to revive the amalgam: north African feature = delinquent = danger for “pure” French people
repression and establishment of
an emergency state, which
arose fears even more!
Nicolas Sarkozy, current home secretary, is one of the main partisan of an implementation of policies of positive action, which would take the ethnic belongings into consideration, in order to give better opportunities to the most disfavored minorities.
=> Positive action may enable brilliant persons from disfavoured communities to benefit from standard level of education and the same chances for employment as equally brilliant people for the majority.
=> However, it could also lead to more ethnicisation of the communities, and to the resentment of the majority, which will be discriminated against. This may lead to an increase of racism.
Source: poll from the French Superior Commitee of Audiovisual, 2005