Preschooler Physical Development. Chapter 13. Physical Growth. The rate of growth slows slightly The average increase in height is 2 ½ to 3 inches per year Average weight gain is 4-5 pounds per year Boys tend to be slightly taller and heavier than girls during this time. Posture improves
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It is common for preschoolers to lose their primary teeth
There are 20 primary teeth in all; 32 permanent teeth
Molars are the first permanent teeth to appear and act as anchors for the rest of the teeth
What are some gross motor skills you would expect at age 4?
Fine and gross motor skills improve dramatically
Many skills require guidance and practice
Children might master one skill but not another
Expect individual differences
Children need lots of opportunities to develop their motor skills
Dexterity, or ease and skill in physical activity improves greatly during this time
Hand-eye coordination improves as well
Hand preference develops after age two, and many children continue to switch off until the last half of their fifth year
About 85% of children are right handed
Ambidextrous means being able to use both hands with equal skill
The amount of food children need is determined by their activity level and current weight
4-6 year olds do better when eating five or six small, nutritious meals than three large ones
Snacks should be appealing and nutritious
It is important for caregivers to model good eating habits
Using food as a reward and forcing children to eat tend to lead to poor eating habits
To get preschoolers interested in good nutrition, let them help prepare foods in a safe way
It is important for parents to discuss nutritional choices with children so they can make good choices
What are some common diseases we receive immunizations to protect against?
What healthy snacks could you offer a picky preschooler who needed more variety?
By the age of four, many children no longer take naps
Bedtime schedules are important and routines will help the child settle in
Toileting accidents will decrease by four years
It is still important to remind children to use the bathroom before activities or trips
Be sure children know where the restroom is (when in a new place)
A change of clothes isn’t a bad idea, either…
Parents should help with tooth brushing until age 5
Fluoride is a substance that strengthens the enamel of teeth to prevent decay
Enamel is the hard, outer coating of teeth
Fluoride is often added to drinking water to help prevent cavities.
For preschoolers, there are more fun thing to do than bathe.
Caregivers will need to establish a routine and try to make bath time fun