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Building STI Capacity in African Middle-Income Countries. Lessons from RISE and other initiatives. Building STI Capacity in African Middle-Income Countries. Problems and challenges STI capacity-building needs of African Middle-Income Countries (MICs)

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building sti capacity in african middle income countries

Building STI Capacity in African Middle-Income Countries

Lessons from RISE and other initiatives

Mohamed H.A. Hassan, AAS President, TWAS Executive Director, SIG Board Member

building sti capacity in african middle income countries1
Building STI Capacity in African Middle-Income Countries
  • Problems and challenges
  • STI capacity-building needs of African Middle-Income Countries (MICs)
  • African Regional Initiative in Science and Education (RISE)
  • Other initiatives
  • Conclusions

Mohamed H.A. Hassan, AAS President, TWAS Executive Director, SIG Board Member

problems and challenges production of frontier knowledge
Problems and challengesProduction of frontier knowledge

African contributions to world output of scientific publications

Average 2005-2006

Source: TWAS, January 2007

Mohamed H.A. Hassan, AAS President, TWAS Executive Director, SIG Board Member

production of frontier knowledge south south disparities
Production of frontier knowledge South-South Disparities

Top 12 of the South: World publication shares

Average 2005-2006

Source: TWAS, January 2007

Mohamed H.A. Hassan, AAS President, TWAS Executive Director, SIG Board Member

production of frontier knowledge disparities within africa
Production of frontier knowledge Disparities within Africa

African countries contributing ≥ 0.02% of world share of ISI-listed S&E papers

Average 2005-2006

Source: TWAS, January 2007

MICs

Mohamed H.A. Hassan, AAS President, TWAS Executive Director, SIG Board Member

technological innovation potential
Technological innovation potential

Mohamed H.A. Hassan, AAS President, TWAS Executive Director, SIG Board Member

capacity building needs
Capacity Building Needs
  • Need to reform and strengthen research universities in African MICs
    • Only 3 African universities (all in South Africa) are listed among top 500 universities in the world
  • Each country must have at least one world-class university
    • to set national standards for quality education and research
    • to attract and train talent
    • to reduce brain drain

Mohamed H.A. Hassan, AAS President, TWAS Executive Director, SIG Board Member

capacity building needs1
Capacity Building Needs
  • Need to build research capacity and centres of excellence within universities
    • to train and retain new generation of professors and problem-solving research scientists
    • to link universities to production sectors

Mohamed H.A. Hassan, AAS President, TWAS Executive Director, SIG Board Member

capacity building needs2
Capacity Building Needs
  • Need to establish and support national science foundations
    • to provide merit-based competitive grants to best STI problem-solving projects
      • Example:NRF of South Africa

Mohamed H.A. Hassan, AAS President, TWAS Executive Director, SIG Board Member

capacity building needs3
Capacity Building Needs
  • Need to establish (within or adjacent to research universities) “Technology Innovation Centres”
    • to develop innovative, efficient, simple and affordable technologies for basic human needs
      • Safe drinking water, renewable energies

Mohamed H.A. Hassan, AAS President, TWAS Executive Director, SIG Board Member

capacity building needs4
Capacity Building Needs
  • Need to establish and strengthen merit-based organizations (e.g. science academies)
    • to provide independent, evidence-based and authoritative advice on policy matters and on critical science-based development issues

Mohamed H.A. Hassan, AAS President, TWAS Executive Director, SIG Board Member

slide12
RISE
  • Joint venture between Science Initiative Group (SIG) and Carnegie Corporation
  • Aim: Training a new generation of PhD-level scientists and engineers in Africa through university-based research and training networks in selected areas

Mohamed H.A. Hassan, AAS President, TWAS Executive Director, SIG Board Member

slide13
RISE
  • Three competitively selected reresearch and training networks, each comprising universities in at least three different African countries

Mohamed H.A. Hassan, AAS President, TWAS Executive Director, SIG Board Member

slide14
RISE
  • Priority areas:
    • Material science
    • Chemistry
    • ICTs, instrumentation and software engineering
    • Renewable energies
    • Water resources

Mohamed H.A. Hassan, AAS President, TWAS Executive Director, SIG Board Member

slide15
RISE
  • Each network will receive US$800,000 over 2 1/2 years; follow-up funding likely
  • Selection procedure of three networks will be completed in July 2008

Mohamed H.A. Hassan, AAS President, TWAS Executive Director, SIG Board Member

other initiatives
Other initiatives
  • Supporting ‘networks of excellence’ in thematic areas critical to sustainable well-being in Africa
    • NEPAD Biosciences Network (funded by Canada)
    • NEPAD Water Network (funded by France)

Mohamed H.A. Hassan, AAS President, TWAS Executive Director, SIG Board Member

other initiatives1
Other initiatives
  • Providing postgraduate fellowships to students in African MICs to study in other countries
    • in Africa (AAU, AU)
    • in Brazil, China, India and Mexico (TWAS)
    • in Northern countries (sandwich-type courses)

Mohamed H.A. Hassan, AAS President, TWAS Executive Director, SIG Board Member

other initiatives2
Other initiatives
  • Providing competitive and merit-based grants to young scientists and research groups
    • Applied sciences (IFS)
    • Basic sciences (TWAS)
      • Both supported by Sida/SAREC, Sweden

Mohamed H.A. Hassan, AAS President, TWAS Executive Director, SIG Board Member

other initiatives3
Other initiatives
  • Supporting visits of internationally renowned scientists to institutions in African MICs
    • UNESCO-ICSU-TWAS-UNU joint programme
    • Global Science Corps programme initiated by SIG

Mohamed H.A. Hassan, AAS President, TWAS Executive Director, SIG Board Member

countries with merit based science academies
Countries withmerit-based science academies

Mohamed H.A. Hassan, AAS President, TWAS Executive Director, SIG Board Member

african merit based science academies
African merit-based science academies

Mohamed H.A. Hassan, AAS President, TWAS Executive Director, SIG Board Member

nasac s statements
NASAC’s statements
  • Joint statement by academies of G8 countries and NASAC toG8 summit in Scotlandin June 2005
  • NASAC statement to AU summit in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, in January 2007
  • NASAC statement to G8 summit in Germanyin June 2007
  • Forthcoming: NASAC statement to G8 summit in Japan in June 2008

Mohamed H.A. Hassan, AAS President, TWAS Executive Director, SIG Board Member

nasac s presence at g8 summits
NASAC’s presence at G8 Summits

Mohamed H.A. Hassan, AAS President, TWAS Executive Director, SIG Board Member

conclusions
Conclusions
  • RISE is a promising model for building STI capacity within universities in Africa
  • RISE should be expanded to support more networks in African MICs

Mohamed H.A. Hassan, AAS President, TWAS Executive Director, SIG Board Member

conclusions1
Conclusions
  • More coordination between various STI strategies and programmes supporting capacity-building in African MICs is needed
    • to reduce duplications
    • to enhance collaboration and synergies

Mohamed H.A. Hassan, AAS President, TWAS Executive Director, SIG Board Member

conclusions2
Conclusions
  • Multilateral development banks (MDBs) should support and encourage African MICs
    • to invest in implementation of STI-capacity-building plans responding to the needs outlined before

Mohamed H.A. Hassan, AAS President, TWAS Executive Director, SIG Board Member

thank you

Thank you

Mohamed H.A. Hassan, AAS President, TWAS Executive Director, SIG Board Member