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Traffic Signs

Traffic Signs

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Traffic Signs

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  1. Traffic Signs NV Driver Education Curriculum Unit 2: Signs, Signals, and Roadway Markings Presentation 1 of 3

  2. Road Signs Video See Rules of the Road video #4-Road Signs (California DMV) http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rdjI-mwwMaE (1:39) • Click on web address to access video clips • *Suggest full screen viewing • NOTE: Some on - Check access

  3. Purposes of Signs • Signs are designed to be easily understood • Designed to ensure safety and communicate • Regulate traffic, movement, or parking • Warn of potential dangers or road conditions • Provide information and guidance • Traffic signs have uniform colors and shapes

  4. Colors Have Meaning Colors convey traffic control information Yellowwarning/caution Black & White regulatory Orange construction zone Blue services • Red • stop or prohibition • Green • direction or guidance • Brown • recreational • Fluorescent Yellow-Green • warning

  5. Shapes Have Meaning Shapes make recognition easier Octagon stop Triangle yield Diamond-warning or construction Pentagon school Shield- route Rectangle(tall & long)traffic regulations Pennant no passing Circle railroad ahead Cross Buck railroad crossing

  6. Types of Signs Three basic types of signs: • Regulatory • Warning • Guide Each convey a different type of information

  7. Regulatory Signs Control traffic and must be obeyed • Most important regulatory signs • Stop(unique shape) • Yield(unique shape) • Do Not Enter • All other regulatory signs are either white squares or rectangles with red or black lettering

  8. Failure to Stop Video See Top 10 Reasons for Failing the Driving Test video #3-Failure to Stop (California DMV) http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=w709hQoMID4 (2:00) • Click on web address to access video clips • *Suggest full screen viewing • NOTE: Some on - Check access

  9. Stop Signs • Tells you where to stop (sign or line indicates where to make legal stop) • Used at intersection of two (or more) streets • Intersection may be a two-way or four-way stop

  10. Stop Signs Videos See 60 Second Driver video Four-Way Stops http://www.mpi.mb.ca/English/dr_tips/FourWayStops.html (0:60) each See 60 Second Driver video Stop Signs http://www.mpi.mb.ca/English/dr_tips/stopsigns.html (0:60) • Click on web address to access video clips • *Suggest full screen viewing

  11. Yield Sign Found where roadways merge • Always slow and check traffic • Be prepared to stop • Proceed only when it is safe

  12. Stop Signs Videos See 60 Second Driver video Mandatory Stops http://www.mpi.mb.ca/English/dr_tips/MandatoryStops.html (0:60) See 60 Second Driver video Yielding http://www.mpi.mb.ca/English/dr_tips/Yielding.html (0:60) • Click on web address to access video clips • *Suggest full screen viewing

  13. Speed Limits • Show maximum speed allowed • sometimes also minimum • Speed limits are set for ideal driving conditions • Poor weather condition, obey the basic speed law • Basic Speed Law: Do not drive faster than is safe for current weather conditions, regardless of posted speed limit • Advisory Speed Limits recommend safe speed

  14. Speed Limits Video See Rules of the Road video #5-Speed Limits (California DMV) http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QrycG2Qzpy4 (1:22) • Click on web address to access video clips • *Suggest full screen viewing • NOTE: Some on - Check access

  15. Other Regulatory Signs • Prohibited – some red circle with red slash • Movement • Other Restrictions/Prohibitions

  16. Warning Signs Most warning signs are yellow and diamond shape • Intersections • Lane changes • Traffic • Railroad • Crossings • Conditions • Curves • Chevrons

  17. Pedestrian & School Zones Slow down and watch for children! • Subject to speed limits – either 15 or 25 mph • Half an hour before and after school • Some flashing lights indicate time of speed restrictions • Violating crossing guard is misdemeanor in NV

  18. Railroad Crossing • Crossbuck sign indicates location of tracks • If lights flashing, you must stop • If gate lowered, may not go around Passenger buses and truck with flammable or dangerous materials must stop at tracks A train can weigh over 10 million pounds and cannot swerve to avoid cars.

  19. Railroad Crossing Video See 60 Second Driver video Rail Crossing Safety http://www.mpi.mb.ca/English/dr_tips/RailSafety.html (0:60) See video featuring National Driver Safety expert Dr. Kline Railroad Crossing Safety http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FNdREouyBK8 (3:08) See PSA s Highways or Dieways? Going Around the Gate http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bTf5Q9SUp8U Beat the Train http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1aaw267yQeY (0:31) each • Click on web address to access video clips • *Suggest full screen viewing • NOTE: Some on - Check access

  20. Road Construction • Orangesigns - may include cones, drums, barricades, and flashing lights • May include warning or directional lights • SLOW DOWN and follow all directions Violation in work zone result in INCREASED traffic fines

  21. Work Zones Orange signs of work zones Enter with extra concentration, caution, and common sense. Driving Tips • Slow down • Follow the signs • Be alert • Remain calm • Give trucks space They need more room to stop and change lanes. REMEMBER: Speed limit applies regardless of the presence of workers andfines are doubled.

  22. Work Zone Video See 60 Second Driver video Work Zones & Speeding Through Work Zones http://www.mpi.mb.ca/English/dr_tips/Headlights.html (0:60) each See VDOT video Work Zone Safety http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lr4X0dlfqLs (1:41) See NYSDOT video A Family’s Grief – Your Car is Like a Weapon http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kHfX5ia74qY (6:06) • Click on web address to access video clips • *Suggest full screen viewing • NOTE: Some on - Check access

  23. Guide Signs Several shapes and colors • Destination and Mileage • Route Markers • Roadside Services • Recreational Areas

  24. Route Signs • Interstate signs blue and red • East-West routes = even numbers • North-South routes = odd numbers • Three-figure route numbers • Start with odd number leads into city • Start with even number goes around city • Loops usually bypass cities • Meets primary route at both ends • Spurs is a short route • Meets primary route at one end State Route County Route

  25. International Signs International signs convey information by symbols rather than words. According to international agreements: • Danger warning signs either triangle or diamond • Restrictiveor prohibitory circle with red border, may have slash • Mandatory directional signs usually blue circles

  26. International Signs See Worksheet 1 2 3 Think: • Red = restrictionor warnings • Blue = guidance • Yellow = caution • Green = information Malaysia Obstruction Ahead S. Africa No Stopping Poland Tunnel Ahead 4 6 5 Germany Bus Stop Mexico Inspection Area 7 8 China Keep Your Distance 9 Australia Pedestrians may Cross Diagonally Switzerland Passing Place 10 New Zealand Stop for People Crossing Canada Sharp Turn

  27. Did You Know The first STOP sign appeared in 1915 in Detroit, Michigan. There were a variety of colors until the late 1920’s, when the background was standardized as yellow - for nearly 30 years. By 1954, a durable fade-resistant red coatings changed the STOP sign to thered color we see today.