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Surah al Baqarah. Ayahs 63 – 73 . Recap. Learned about Mann and Salwa Not making food an obsession or central goal of life Every tribe had its own place of drinking water (learned organization and discipline in a community) Learned the remarkable traits of Musa A.S. as a leader . Outline.

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Surah al Baqarah

Ayahs 63 – 73

  • Learned about Mann and Salwa
  • Not making food an obsession or central goal of life
  • Every tribe had its own place of drinking water (learned organization and discipline in a community)
  • Learned the remarkable traits of Musa A.S. as a leader
  • Continuing on with the story of Bani Israel (still in the desert)
  • Musa A.S. given the Torah
  • Concept of the Sabbath
  • Story of the Cow (Baqarah)
  • Asking too many questions

Ayah 63

And [recall] when We took your covenant, [O Children of Israel, to abide by the Torah] and We raised over you the mount, [saying], "Take what We have given you with determination and remember what is in it that perhaps you may become righteous (develop taqwa)."


WaawThaaQaaf– a rope with which a prisoner is tied; in this context it means a contract in which both parties bind each other


  • a contract that is formal
  • lays responsibility upon the person making the contract
  • made firm by swearing an oath
  • Toor – 1. in Syriac language means a mountain with dense, lush green trees, therefore its not rocky 2. Proper name of Mount Sinai
  • Allah SWT physically lifted the mountain over their heads; suspended over their heads
  • Its as if…are you going to believe now or not? Because they continually denied even after receiving so many blessings
  • QaafWaawYaa– 1. strength that is physical; force 2. intangible strength: firm resolution; determination
  • DhaalKaafRaa– implementing the book; doing the actions means that you remember the commands
  • The entire book should be recited and followed; do this so you attain Taqwa (develop fear and hope in Allah)


Then you turned away after that. And if not for the favor of Allah upon you and His mercy, you would have been among the losers.

  • WaawLaamYaa – to turn away physically from something after making the promise; couldn’t see the commands
  • FaaDaawdLaam – used for something extra (what you don’t necessarily deserve); it’s a favour
  • Refers to the Bani Israel not being punished immediately


When we are in trouble, we make promises with Allah, Once we are out of it, we forget

The respite, the delay is a special mercy from Allah.

Its Allah’s Fadl that we are here in a gathering of knowledge

Our life should be spent with this book  لَعَلَّكُمْ تَتَّقُونَ

analyze yourself
Analyze Yourself!
  • With what level of Quwa (strength) am I holding on to the Qu’ran?
  • - No reading, only know it’s the truth
    • Reading only
    • Reading with Tajweed
    • Reading and Understanding
    • Reading, Understanding, Implementing
    • Reading, Understanding, Implementing and Teaching (forwarding the message to others)


And you had already known about those who transgressed among you concerning the Sabbath, and We said to them, "Be apes, despised."

  • Seen Baa Taa– to cut something; Sabth: used for Saturday; this was a holy day for the Bani Israel. They would cut themselves off from all types of work and do only ibaadah (worship). But they wanted to work everyday
  • Khaa Seen Hamza– those who are humiliated and kicked out; Allah SWT disfigured their faces

We shouldn’t prefer this World over Hereafter

We should not leave our Faraidh for some more work hours

They changed the commands of Allah, and Allah changed their appearance

We should trust Allah, that He will provide us

turned into apes
Turned into Apes…
  • Were literally turned into apes, and they knew they had been (mentally they were humans)
rasool allah s a w s warning
Rasool Allah(s.a.w)’s Warning

Do not do what the Jews did that they made the things that Allah made haram

halal upon themselves through trickery, deceit.


نAyah 66

And We made it a deterrent punishment for those who were present and those who succeeded [them] and a lesson for those who fear Allah.

  • Noon KaafLaam – neck collar; purpose is to restrain; it’s a warning punishment so we don’t return to the action again; a punishment that’s severe and also becomes an example for others as well
  • BainaYadaaiha –
  • 1. the people of the nearby cities
  • 2. the rest of the people who didn’t turn into apes


Trickery & Deceit is forbidden

If someone disobeys Allah through his actions but in his speech he says that he is obeying Allah, he is misguided

Intelligent is the one who takes the word of Allah as it is and does not misinterpret it.

Allah can make anyone a deterrent Example for Others

They changed Allah’s Commands, Allah changed their faces


Ayah 67

And [recall] when Moses said to his people, "Indeed, Allah commands you to slaughter a cow." They said, "Do you take us in ridicule?" He said, "I seek refuge in Allah from being among the ignorant."

r roots
  • Baa QaafRaaw – lit. to cut something open; cows that are used for plowing
  • Context: The Bani Israel were told to slaughter any cow but they asked many questions. Why were they told to slaughter a cow?
  • 1. to rid them of the love of the cow they had in their hearts (golden calf)
  • 2. a person from among the Bani Israel was killed and didn’t know who the culprit was
  • Response of the Bani Israel: are you serious? Are you messing with us?
  • Response of Musa A.S. : I seek refuge from the Jahileen
    • Person who does not know
    • Person has incorrect knowledge, but he/she thinks its true
    • Person doesn’t act on the knowledge


True knowledge is Action

When any command comes, we should submit

We should honor the commands of Allah, we should take them seriously

Beautiful Response of Musa, He didn’t argue back rather he sought refuge in Allah


Ayah 68

They said, "Call upon your Lord to make clear to us what it is." [Moses] said, "[ Allah ] says, 'It is a cow which is neither old nor young, but median between that,' so do what you are commanded."

  • FaaRaawDaawd – cutting something that is firm; cutting/reducing the meat/flesh; used for a cow that has crossed its youth, therefore, not much meat
  • Baa KaafRaaw – for female cows; hasn’t given birth yet
  • AainWaw Noon – has given birth but not too old
questioning starts
Questioning starts…

How old should this cow be?

What should the colour be?

What type should it be (what kind)



Delaying Tactics are very obvious

An arrogant & carefree attitude towards Messenger, does not make him/his ways (sunnah) less important

They made things difficult upon themselves, so Allah made it difficult upon them.


Ayah 69

They said, "Call upon your Lord to show us what is her color." He said, "He says, 'It is a yellow cow, bright in color - pleasing to the observers.' "


Ayah 70

They said, "Call upon your Lord to make clear to us what it is. Indeed, [all] cows look alike to us. And indeed we, if Allah wills, will be guided."



Do not make excuses, do not argue – if Allah has said so, then do it. sami’naawaata’naa.

A person should not delay in doing good

Importance of Insha’Allah

No Blames – No Excuses – Show results [M AlShareef]


Ayah 71

He said, "He says, 'It is a cow neither trained to plough the earth nor to irrigate the field, one free from fault with no spot upon her.' " They said, "Now you have come with the truth." So they slaughtered her, but they could hardly do it.

  • DhaalLaamLaam – an animal that has been trained to do work; a wild cow
  • ThaaWawRaaw– to stir something; for land, it means to dig the eart
  • Seen LaamMeem– free from any defect; free from all faults
  • Waaw Sheen Yaa– something that is contrasted to the thing its on; for animals, its used for spots; cow should be one colour
  • They said “now you have made the truth clear”…so before it wasn’t?
  • Now we know that you’re not joking with us about slaughtering…but would a Prophet of Allah ever joke about something like this?
  • KaafWawDaal – at the verge of happening; they almost didn’t slaughter it


Do not ask questions that would make the simple Deen difficult.

Too many questions are not liked

Allah dislikes for you three things:

1) QeelwaQaal [He said, she said]

2) Wasting wealth

3) Asking too many questions.

  • Obey the commands of Allah right away
  • Don’t take the commands of Allah lightly
  • Bani Israel at the time of the Prophet SAW would ask him a lot of random questions to make sure he was a prophet, so they are being reminded
  • Making fun of people is a sign of ignorance

Ayah 72

And [recall] when you slew a man and disputed over it, but Allah was to bring out that which you were concealing.

  • DaalRaawHamza– to push something away; you were pushing something onto one another  hurling the blame on each other because the murderer was not being found

Ayah 73

So, We said, "Strike the slain man with part of it." Thus does Allah bring the dead to life, and He shows you His signs that you might reason.

  • They were told, hit the dead man with some part of the cow. As a result, the man came to life and told them who the killer was and then died again
  • Another miracle for them  Allah can bring back the dead to life
  • Truth will always be exposed
bringing it all back
Bringing it all back…
  • Keeping our covenant with Allah SWT by holding on to the Qu’ran
  • Your focus will become following the Qu’ran and sunnah and this will keep you away from excessive questioning
  • The beauty of a person’s Islam is that he/she leaves what does not concern him/her (Bukhari)