Making cities resilient: Challenges and Issues facing European Cities Thursday 5 th November 2009 - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Making cities resilient: Challenges and Issues facing European Cities Thursday 5 th November 2009 PowerPoint Presentation
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Making cities resilient: Challenges and Issues facing European Cities Thursday 5 th November 2009
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Making cities resilient: Challenges and Issues facing European Cities Thursday 5 th November 2009

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  1. Making cities resilient: Challenges and Issues facing European Cities Thursday 5th November 2009 Neil McInroy, Chief Executive, Centre for Local Economic Strategies

  2. What is CLES? Independent charity. No commercial sponsor or government grants 20 staff: planners, geographers, local government, environmental scientists, economists and french horn players! Established 1986 Growing-but will stay small Economic development but with social fairness and within limits of environment Hybrid; research, consultancy, members UK, but also work in Europe and beyond!

  3. What could our cities look like in 20 years time

  4. The bad: What our cities COULD be like • Economically • Globalisation creates instability- good bits and bad bits • Fragile city economies • Waves of underemployed and lowly skilled • Socially • Inequality and poverty: Divided cities • Infrastructure (roads, rail, sewers) can’t keep up • Environmentally • Sprawling cities with little green space • Heavily polluted, wasteful and energy poor • Culturally • Lack cohesion between and within communities • Poor investment

  5. The good: What our cities to SHOULD be like

  6. The good: What our cities SHOULD be like • Economically • Advanced but mixed industry sectors • An economy that fits the ‘pulse of place’ • Mixed skilled workforce • Socially • Socially and economically equal with poverty eradicated • Good infrastructure • High levels of public expenditure • Environmentally • Sustainable • Clean and renewably resourced • Culturally • Home to diverse and cohesive populations

  7. What does the future city game say about our big global challenges ? • MOST recorded global challenges • Poverty and inequality • Ageing • Energy, Workforce • Climate change, Waste and pollution • Economic Crisis, Overcrowding • Consumption, Urbanisation, Food and famine, Crime • Nationalism and identity, Globalisation • Migration, Natural Disasters, Ecology, Transport • LEAST Recorded global challenges

  8. The immediate challenges • Economical • Sluggish growth or no growth. • 22million people unemployed in the EU (10%) • Social • Some 73m people in the EU are ‘poor’ and 2/3rds live in six countries • increases in voter apathy and societal mistrust • 36% of the EU’s population are over the age of 50 it will be 50% by 2028 • Public sectors cuts in services and funding • Environment • Reached peak oil- Energy prices are increasing • Global temperatures to increase by 1.8 to 4.0 degrees by 2100. • Europe could be generating 45% more waste in 2020 than in 1995 • Cultural • Increased climate change induced migration • More debate over whose culture

  9. How do we overcome these challenges?

  10. The immediate challenges • Economical • Sluggish growth or no growth. • 22million people unemployed in the EU (10%) • Social • Some 73m people in the EU are ‘poor’ and 2/3rds live in six countries • increases in voter apathy and societal mistrust • 36% of the EU’s population are over the age of 50 it will be 50% by 2028 • Public sectors cuts in services and funding • Environment • Reached peak oil- Energy prices are increasing • Global temperatures to increase by 1.8 to 4.0 degrees by 2100. • Europe could be generating 45% more waste in 2020 than in 1995 • Cultural • Increased climate change induced migration • More debate over whose culture

  11. How do we overcome these challenges?

  12. The immediate challenges • Economical • Sluggish growth or no growth. • 22million people unemployed in the EU (10%) • Social • Some 73m people in the EU are ‘poor’ and 2/3rds live in six countries • increases in voter apathy and societal mistrust • 36% of the EU’s population are over the age of 50 it will be 50% by 2028 • Public sectors cuts in services and funding • Environment • Reached peak oil- Energy prices are increasing • Global temperatures to increase by 1.8 to 4.0 degrees by 2100. • Europe could be generating 45% more waste in 2020 than in 1995 • Cultural • Increased climate change induced migration • More debate over whose culture

  13. How do we overcome these challenges?

  14. The immediate challenges • Economical • Sluggish growth or no growth. • 22million people unemployed in the EU (10%) • Social • Some 73m people in the EU are ‘poor’ and 2/3rds live in six countries • increases in voter apathy and societal mistrust • 36% of the EU’s population are over the age of 50 it will be 50% by 2028 • Public sectors cuts in services and funding • Environment • Reached peak oil- Energy prices are increasing • Global temperatures to increase by 1.8 to 4.0 degrees by 2100. • Europe could be generating 45% more waste in 2020 than in 1995 • Cultural • Increased climate change induced migration • More debate over whose culture

  15. How do we overcome these challenges?

  16. A new era of developing good cities • ‘Cities’ - are dynamic • As a ‘geography’ – an area or locality which has meaning and identity • As a sociological concept –an intersection of points in a network of social relations • As an economic concept – a market place • The nature of cities is argued and debated it is not politically neutral • ‘Debate’ is what makes cities- good cities

  17. Shaping and Shielding • Economic and environmental instabilities • We need to shape an economic destiny of cities – which is resilient - which can shape and shield: • works within environmental limits • delivers positive and equitable social and economic outcomes • withstands economic shocks, can adapt and mitigates • We need ‘springy’ and ‘spongey’ cities

  18. Research Theme

  19. Research Theme

  20. How do we overcome the challenges and create boingy cities Openness to people and cultures Diverse industry Good connectivity Quality of life and amenities Economic justice and fairness Empowered citizens Broad range of skills in the labour force Cities which use the ‘pulse’ of place Good leadership Nurture innovation and creativity

  21. How do we overcome the challenges: For CLES- Economics is key

  22. A new way of doing economics

  23. What does a ‘boingy’ city economy look like. • Enabling economic resilience

  24. A resilient economic place

  25. How does a boingy economic city relate to everything else?

  26. What does a ‘boingy’ city look like. • “Historically, urban place succeeded by being close to the sea, a natural resource or social power. Urban places succeed today by offering proximity to people and their ideas” • Glaeser- four challenges for Scottish cities (2005).

  27. Centre for Local Economic Strategies • EMAIL. neilmcinroy@cles.org.uk • WEB. www.cles.org.uk • PHONE. (0044) 161 236 7036