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  1. Paper Proposals

  2. Citing Sources  What to do and how to do it.

  3. What we’re learning today… • When to quote • When to paraphrase • How to incorporate sources • How to do in-text citations

  4. “Why should I care?” • Citing increases your: • Research quality • Reasoning • Reputation

  5. Quote or paraphrase? • A quote is something you take directly from the text • “An apt quotation is like a lamp which flings its light over the whole sentence.”(Letitia Elizabeth Landon) • Paraphrasing means putting it into your own words • How would you explain what you read to someone else?

  6. When to quote! • When: • You “can’t say it any better” • The wording is perfect for what you need

  7. When to paraphrase! • When: • You need it to be shorter • You can “say it better” • Quoting is not necessary

  8. Incorporating Sources • Three steps: • Begin with author’s full name, who they are, and title of work • Use the borrowed info • End with in-text citation (page #, etc.)

  9. Bad Example Which information is borrowed??

  10. Good Example #1

  11. Good Example #2

  12. Good Example #3

  13. In-Text Citations • Books and Articles: give the page number • (57) instead of (Stemmler 57) • Websites: give the first few words of the web page title • (Facts About Cooking) • Put the period after the citation • According to Stemmler, 30% of students fail each year (65).

  14. Let’s do an example… • Book title: Weiner Dogs 101 • Author: Ms. Bishop, dog expert • Borrowed info: “The dachshund is one of the top 10 breeds in the United States.” from p. 2

  15. Example #2 • Web page name: Facts About High Schoolers at Northwestern High School • Author: Ms. Moore, intern at Northwestern • Borrowed info: “High school students really like to text and sleep in class.”

  16. Review • When should we quote? • When should we paraphrase? • Three steps to incorporate sources • What goes in in-text citations? • Book or article • Website

  17. Questions? • Today: • Going to library • TURN IN PROPOSALS (if you haven’t) • FOUR source cards DUE TODAY • Due Soon: • 60 note cards due on MONDAY (11/18) • Outline due on TUESDAY (11/19) • Rough draft due on FRIDAY (11/22) Turn things in ON TIME so that we can help you!