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Evaluating Human Drives and needs for a safe motivational system. Morgan Waser Virginia Commonwealth University Dept. Computer Science. Decision making strategies. Automated Responses: actions performed with no thought or decision, necessary when speed is of the essence Desires:

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evaluating human drives and needs for a safe motivational system

Evaluating Human Drives and needs for a safe motivational system

Morgan Waser

Virginia Commonwealth University

Dept. Computer Science

decision making strategies
Decision making strategies
  • Automated Responses:

actions performed with no thought or decision, necessary when speed is of the essence

  • Desires:

feelings and emotions that push us towards something. Little thought and no long-term plans

  • Goals:

thought-out, long-term plan that pull us towards an optimal situation

what factors weigh in on our decisions
What factors weigh in on our decisions?
  • There are five main drives that have been evolved to fulfill and maintain sub-goals that further the pursuit of virtually any goal. These drives inspire our decision making strategies and they are:
      • Self-Preservation
      • Resource Hoarding (Collecting)
      • Community
      • Self-Improvement
      • Rationality
automated response reflex
Automated Response (Reflex)
  • First strategy of decision making that was developed and it can be found in plants, animals and humans
  • Can be driven by:
    • Self- Preservation
  • Example:
    • Plants moving toward sunlight
    • Jumping at a loud noise
desires
Desires

Hunger, thirst, pain and fear

Desires, emotions and feelings in animals are all derived from the drives for self-preservation, resource collection, and community.

Desires are found in both animals and humans.

The feeling of surprise in humans is driven by self-improvement in addition to being driven by self-preservation.

Pride, disgust

Empathy, love, loneliness, gratitude, trust and pity

Greed

goals
Goals
  • Rationality is a huge part of how we choose our goals, how we plan to achieve them and how we make well-thought-out decisions. Goals are based off of our desires.
  • Long-term goals are unique to humans and sets us apart because of the higher-level of thinking and planning that it requires. Of course there are numerous tool users (short-term goals) among birds and other animals.
  • Goals are driven by all five drives: Self-Preservation, Resource Hoarding, Community, Self-Improvement, Rationality
if they represent the same drives why do we have all of the strategies
If they represent the same drives, why do we have all of the strategies?
  • Time available: Responses that require faster response times generally require reflexes to take an action
  • Desires motivate our actions without the urgency of reflexes
  • Cognitive complexity enables the creation of goals (a particular manifestation) to fulfill our desires
motivational drives and needs
Motivational Drives and Needs

Rationality

Development of the drive for self-improvement

Development of the drive for community

Development of the drive for resource hoarding

Development of the drive for resource collecting

Development of the drive for self-preservation

rationality
Rationality
  • The drive for rationality (effectiveness) is necessary for motivational system optimality as well as providing the reasoning that makes it safer.
  • Rationality:
    • Gives us the ability to make goals
    • Helps to better fulfill needs
    • Expands upon the drives we have already developed
rationality1
Rationality
  • Are rational goals better than emotions, feelings and desires?

We cannot say that one is necessarily better than the other because:

    • Feelings and emotions tell us how we are meeting our needs
    • Evolution has honed our emotions to be better long-term decision makers than rational thought
    • Emotions and feelings can be affected by past things which can be disabling
community
Community
  • Our society is community driven. Communities allow us to share resource, divide labor and play to differing strengths.
  • The loss of community can result in a devastating loss to resources, safety, stability, belonging and purpose.
  • Rule and law breaking generally results in losing community status and sometimes community all together.
  • Because of the long-term view that rationality provides, it is obviously more advantageous to work together in a community than to be independent (but it frequently requires emotion to force us to follow this good advice).