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Cold storage business. Opportunities By Sean Currans Task Force Centurion. Why Cold Storage?. Preserves fresh fruit to later date when prices are higher. Export quality standards demand cold chain. International fruit broker is ready to buy Afghan as soon as quality is assured.

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cold storage business

Cold storage business

Opportunities

By

Sean Currans

Task Force Centurion

why cold storage
Why Cold Storage?
  • Preserves fresh fruit to later date when prices are higher.
  • Export quality standards demand cold chain.
  • International fruit broker is ready to buy Afghan as soon as quality is assured.

Forced air pre-chilling

afghan fruit comeback
Afghan Fruit Comeback
  • Afghanistan was “fruit basket” of Central Asia.
  • Times have changed since 1975.
    • Agricultural technologies continually advance
    • Fruit brokers trade all over world
      • International quality
        • Begins with field production practices
        • Carefully preserved during harvest
        • Post-harvest sorting and cold storage
        • 100% cold-chain integrity to retail consumer
april 24 presentation
April 24 Presentation
  • All information is preliminary only.
  • Broad presentation is only an introduction.
  • Quantities and costs are rough estimates.
  • More careful data collection and calculations are needed.
  • Please test all estimates and assumptions.
apple storage 101
“Apple Storage 101”
  • Peak apple quality is at the proper harvest time
  • Quality immediately starts to degrade after picking, but quality can be preserved:
    • Rough handling……… gentle post harvest actions.
    • Dehydration... Wax fruit after cleaning and sorting.
    • Respiration………chill fruit to 0 Celsius.
    • Oxidation…remove O2 and replace with CO2
apple boxes shipping in us
Apple Boxes/Shipping in US
  • Specifications:Net Weight: 40 LB (18 kg)Gross Weight: 42 LB (19 kg)Palletized: 40 boxes to a pallet stacked 8 high
  • Box dimension: L: 51cm W: 33cm H: 28cm
storing apples level 1 100m3
Storing Apples – Level 1- 100m3
  • Un-refrigerated
    • No electricity cost
    • Stores apples 8 weeks
    • Fruit quality declines
    • Domestic market acceptable?
    • In-expensive to build locally
  • 100 cubic meters
  • Stores 460 x 14kg apple boxes = 6,440 kg
  • Cost: $6,000 ?
storing apples level 1 250m3
Storing Apples – Level 1- 250m3
  • Un-refrigerated
    • No electricity cost
    • Stores apples 8 weeks
    • Fruit quality declines
    • Domestic market acceptable?
    • In-expensive to build locally
    • Cost: $22,000 ?
  • 250 cubic meters
  • Stores 14,000 kg hand-stacked boxes?
  • Need to manage good air flow
level 2 starter refrigeration
Level 2 – Starter Refrigeration
  • Refrigerated Container
    • Quick to get started
    • Stores apples 20 weeks
    • Preserves Export Quality
    • Size limited
  • 40 foot refer container = 58 cubic meters
  • Stores 14,545kg palletized apples
  • Cost?
    • $10,000 Used (US price)
    • $150/week electricity (US cost)
    • 3-phase power required
level 3 walk in coolers
Level 3- Walk-in Coolers
  • Poly-urethane panel coolers
    • Quick to get started
    • Cost?
    • Stores apples 20 weeks
    • Preserves Export Quality
    • Construct in any size under cover.
some assumptions
Some Assumptions
  • Premium apples are stored
  • Apples are handled by BMP prior to storage
    • Much to learn from world class apple regions
  • Storage rooms are expertly managed
  • Electricity supply is reliable, and costs stable
  • Cost of electricity at about 3.5 AF/kwh
preliminary entry level comparison
Preliminary Entry Level Comparison

All calculations are preliminary.Validate assumptions.

afghan driven
Afghan Driven
  • Afghan Businessmen
    • Owners
    • Investors
    • Decision makers
  • TF Centurion - Currans
    • Advisor
    • Organizer
    • Probably no US Donor funding.
    • Will open doors, if private sector wants.
next steps
Next Steps?
  • Investigate current cold storage in Kabul
    • Badam Bagh Farm
    • Boustan-e-Sabz
    • USAID RAMP installations
    • Other cold storage?
  • Develop business plans
    • Due diligence assemble facts and data
  • Visit United States Fall 2013
  • Next meeting?
afghan fruit comeback1
Afghan Fruit Comeback…

Business opportunity.