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SUBJECT: Health Concerns in Small Remote Villages Due to Lack of Safe Drinking Water and Sanitation Facilities. Need:. 1.2 billion people in the developing world have no access to safe drinking water. OBJECTIVE:

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slide1
SUBJECT:

Health Concerns in Small Remote Villages Due to Lack of Safe Drinking Water and Sanitation Facilities.

Need:

1.2 billion people in the developing world have no access to safe drinking water.

OBJECTIVE:

Provide one or more water taps in small remote villages where potable water is available for drinking, cooking, washing, and bathing, and provide essential sanitation facilities for the village.

3 billion people do not have access to sanitation facilities.

Result – 3 million children under age of 5 die each year from water related diseases.

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CURRENT SOURCES OF DRINKING WATER:

Water Sources – Wells, Springs, Streams, Rain Water.

Water Supply - Available, Adequate, Treatable.

Quality of the Water – Potable, Nonpotable, High turbidity.

Analyze the Water For Contaminants.

slide3
FOCUS ON CAUSES OF DISEASE:

Phase 1: Acute Health Problems (Short Term Effects).

Phase 2: Chronic Diseases (Long Term Effects).

Microorganisms – Diarrhea, dysentery, typhoid, cholera.

Evaluate health effects of other contaminants that exceed MCLs.

Chemical – Methemoglobinemia, Blue-baby syndrome, Nitrates >10 mg/l

Turbidity – Carrier of Bacteria, Viruses, and Cysts

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REMOVAL OR REDUCTION OF CONTAMINANTS
  • Prevention and Treatment
  • Prevention of contamination, less expensive than treatment.
  • Desirable Characteristics of Water Treatment System
  • Simple
  • Low cost
  • Utilize local resources
  • Low maintenance
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Treatment Technologies Available
  • Turbidity Reduction
  • Filtration - Using sand or other available materials
  • Destroying Microorganisms
  • Disinfection – Chlorination, Ultraviolet Radiation (UV)
  • Reduction of Chemical Contaminants
  • Reduce nitrates by ion exchange
  • Construct Latrines for Sanitation
  • Training for Maintenance and Water Testing
slide6
IMPLEMENTATION - COLLABORATION OF AVAILABLE RESOURCES

Water For People

Water For People – Canada Projects

Rotary International U N Agencies Task Force

Safe Water Plus Project

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Rotary International UN Agencies Task Force, Safe Water Plus Projectwww.rotary5950.org/safewater.html

Water Quality Association www.wqa.org

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"Water Conditioning & Purification" magazine www.wcponline.com

"Water Quality Products"magazine www.wqpmag.com

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"Water Technology" magazinewww.watertechonline.com

National Testing Laboratories, Ltd.www.ntllabs.com

The Mozambibique Initiative;Project of the United Methodist Churchwww.mozambique.org

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