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Music Production. Dan Oprea. Begin. Welcome to Music Production Basics. Let’s Get Started. What would you like to do?. Learn About Digital Audio Workstations (DAWs). Learn About Compression. Take Quiz.

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music production

Music Production

Dan Oprea

Begin

what would you like to do
What would you like to do?

Learn About Digital Audio Workstations (DAWs)

Learn About Compression

Take Quiz

slide4

Digital Audio Workstations (or DAW for short) are softwares that let you create and record music electronically.

The three DAWs we will learn about are:

Logic Pro

Ableton Live

FL Studio

Click on a DAW to learn about it then after you are done take the Pre-Quiz

Take Pre-Quiz

Main Menu

logic pro
Logic Pro

This is Logic Pro X, the latest version of Logic Pro. Logic Pro is only available for Mac.

Next

logic pro1
Logic Pro

Logic Pro is made up of four components.

Logic image

Next

logic pro2
Logic Pro

First we have the track arrangement. This is where you arrange the parts of your song.

Next

logic pro3
Logic Pro

Next, we have the explorer. This is a toolbar that lets you search through your samples.

Next

logic pro4
Logic Pro

Next, we have the mixer. This controls the volume of each track in the track arrangement.

Next

logic pro5
Logic Pro

Finally, we have the clip editor. This is where you can edit a waveform that’s in the track arrangement.

Finish

ableton live
Ableton Live

This is Ableton Live 9, the latest version of Ableton Live. Ableton is available for both Mac and windows DAW.

Next

ableton live1
Ableton Live

Ableton Live has 4 major components.

Next

ableton live2
Ableton Live

First, we have the explorer. In Ableton, not only can you search for your samples in the explorer, but you can also search for plugins.

Next

ableton live3
Ableton Live

Next, we have the track arrangement. This is where you arrange the parts of your songs.

Next

ableton live4
Ableton Live

Unique to Ableton Live is the session view. This view is a combo of Ableton’s mixer and a layout that allows you to create loops and play them independently.

Next

ableton live5
Ableton Live

Finally, and also unique to Ableton, is the plugin arrangement viewer. This viewer allows you to drag in and organize plugins that you are using on a track.

Finish

fl studio
FL Studio

This is FL Studio 11, the latest version of FL Studio. FL Studio is only available for Windows but there is a Mac version currently in Beta testing.

Next

fl studio1
FL Studio

FL Studio is made up of 4 components.

Next

fl studio2
FL Studio

First, we have the explorer. You can use it to browse through both samples and plugins.

Next

fl studio3
FL Studio

Next, we have the track arrangement. This is where you arrange your song.

Next

fl studio4
FL Studio

Next, we have the mixer. This is used to control the volume of the tracks in the song.

Next

fl studio5
FL Studio

Finally, we have the pattern maker, which is unique to FL Studio. You can use the pattern maker to create a basic beat or a midi pattern then drag it into your track arrangement.

Finish

pre quiz question 1
Pre-quiz – Question 1

What component of Ableton is circled here?

Explorer

A

Image of ableton with session view circled

B

Session View

C

Arrangement View

pre quiz question 11
Pre-quiz – Question 1

Sorry, A is the wrong answer.

If you want to go back and review Ableton

Click Here

or else

Try Again

pre quiz question 12
Pre-quiz – Question 1

Sorry, C is the wrong answer.

If you want to go back and review Ableton

Click Here

or else

Try Again

pre quiz question 13
Pre-quiz – Question 1

Good Job! B was the right answer!

Next Question

pre quiz question 2
Pre-quiz – Question 2

Which DAW is this?

Logic Pro

A

B

Ableton Live

C

FL Studio

pre quiz question 21
Pre-quiz – Question 2

Sorry, B is the wrong answer.

If you want to go back and review DAWs

Click Here

or else

Try Again

pre quiz question 22
Pre-quiz – Question 2

Sorry, C is the wrong answer.

If you want to go back and review DAWs

Click Here

or else

Try Again

pre quiz question 23
Pre-quiz – Question 2

Good Job! A was the right answer!

Next Question

pre quiz question 3
Pre-quiz – Question 3

Which component of FL Studio is circled?

Mixer

A

B

Plugin Viewer

C

Pattern Maker

pre quiz question 31
Pre-quiz – Question 3

Sorry, A is the wrong answer.

If you want to go back and review FL Studio

Click Here

or else

Try Again

pre quiz question 32
Pre-quiz – Question 3

Sorry, B is the wrong answer.

If you want to go back and review FL Studio

Click Here

or else

Try Again

pre quiz question 33
Pre-quiz – Question 3

Good Job! C was the right answer!

Finish

good job
Good Job!

Congratulations! You’ve completed the DAW portion of this activity!

To go back to the main menu

Click Here

compression
Compression

In this section you’ll learn about compression including what it is, what it does, and how to use it.

Begin

compression1
Compression

Compression is a plugin that you can use on an audio track to quiet down the loud parts of the audio signal to make it balance better with the rest of the track.

Next

compression2
Compression

Compressors have 7 major components. These components are:

Makeup Gain

Attack

Release

Knee

Dry/Wet

Ratio

Threshold

Next

compression3
Compression

Click on a compressor component to learn about it. When you are finished, take the Pre-quiz. NOTE: It is recommended to do ratio last, as it requires knowledge of other components first.

Pre-Quiz

Main Menu

threshold
Threshold

Threshold is how loud your audio signal can be before it begins to be compressed.

Back

attack
Attack

Attack is how fast the compressor will start working after the audio signal goes above the threshold.

Back

release
Release

Release is how fast the compressor stops after the audio signal goes below the threshold.

Back

slide43
Knee

Knee sets how hard the compressor will compress the audio. Choose hard knee for a very abrupt compression or soft knee for a gentle compression.

Back

makeup gain
Makeup Gain

Makeup Gain allows you to boost the compressed audio incase the compression reduces your volume a little more than you would like.

Back

dry wet
Dry/Wet

Dry/Wet sets how much of the signal will be compressed. It can range from no compression (0%) to completely compressed (100%).

Back

ratio
Ratio

Ratio sets how much compression is applied. Ratio can be a little hard to comprehend, so we’ll give you an example to help make it easier to grasp.

Next

ratio1
Ratio

First, study the waveform on top. Let’s say it peaks at -5db, while the quiet parts play around -13db, so we want to have a more balanced audio signal without drastic peaks.

-13db

-5db

Next

ratio2
Ratio

To do this, we first set the threshold to -15db. Any audio signal above this will be compressed.

Next

ratio3
Ratio

Now we have to choose a ratio. Since there is a 10db difference between the peaks and the threshold, we pick something that easily divides 10, in this case we pick a 5:1 Ratio.

-5db

-5db – (-15db) = 10db

Next

ratio4
Ratio

The way the ratio works is we divide the 10db difference by 5, then multiply the result by 1, giving us 2db. We then add this 2db to the -15db threshold giving us a final audio signal that peaks at -13db instead of -5db. That’s how ratio works.

10db/5 = 2db

-13db

Back

pre quiz question 14
Pre-quiz – Question 1

The Attack in a compressor controls how fast the compressor turns on after the audio signal passes the threshold.

True

A

B

False

pre quiz question 15
Pre-quiz – Question 1

Sorry, False is the wrong answer.

If you want to review Attack

Click Here

or else

Try Again

pre quiz question 16
Pre-quiz – Question 1

Good Job! True was the right answer.

Next Question

pre quiz question 24
Pre-quiz – Question 2

If you had an audio file with peaks at -5db and a threshold of -20db, what ratio would you choose to get a final audio signal of -15db?

C

3:1

5:1

B

A

10:1

pre quiz question 25
Pre-quiz – Question 2

Sorry, A is the wrong answer.

If you want to review Ratio

Click Here

or else

Try Again

pre quiz question 26
Pre-quiz – Question 2

Sorry, B is the wrong answer.

If you want to review Ratio

Click Here

or else

Try Again

pre quiz question 27
Pre-quiz – Question 2

Good Job! C was the right answer.

Finish

good job1
Good Job!

Congratulations! You’ve completed the Compression part of this activity.

To go back to the Main Menu

Click Here

slide59
Quiz

Time to take the final Quiz over all the material! If you’re ready to proceed click “Begin” to start. If you want to review more, click “Go Back”. You won’t be given the option to review when you get a question wrong.

Begin

Go Back

q uiz question 1
Quiz – Question 1

Which DAW is shown here?

FL Studio

A

Image of FL studio

B

Logic Pro

C

Ableton Live

quiz question 1
Quiz – Question 1

Sorry, B is the wrong answer.

Try Again

quiz question 11
Quiz – Question 1

Sorry, C is the wrong answer.

Try Again

quiz question 12
Quiz – Question 1

Good Job! A was the right answer.

Next Question

q uiz question 2
Quiz – Question 2

What does threshold do on a compressor?

Any audio below the threshold is compressed

A

Any audio above the audio compressed

B

C

Nothing

quiz question 2
Quiz – Question 2

Sorry, A is the wrong answer.

Try Again

quiz question 21
Quiz – Question 2

Sorry, C is the wrong answer.

Try Again

quiz question 22
Quiz – Question 2

Good Job! B was the right answer.

Next Question

q uiz question 3
Quiz – Question 3

What part of Logic is shown here?

Mixer

A

B

Explorer

C

Clip Editor

quiz question 3
Quiz – Question 3

Sorry, B is the wrong answer.

Try Again

quiz question 31
Quiz – Question 3

Sorry, C is the wrong answer.

Try Again

quiz question 32
Quiz – Question 3

Good Job! A was the right answer.

Next Question

quiz question 4
Quiz – Question 4

If you had an audio file with peaks at 0db and a threshold of -20db, what ratio would you choose to get a final audio signal of -16db?

C

10:1

4:1

B

A

5:1

quiz question 41
Quiz – Question 4

Sorry, A is the wrong answer.

Try Again

quiz question 42
Quiz – Question 4

Sorry, C is the wrong answer.

Try Again

quiz question 43
Quiz – Question 4

Good Job! B was the right answer.

Next Question

q uiz question 5
Quiz – Question 5

What component of Ableton is this?

Explorer

A

B

Session View

C

Plugin Viewer

quiz question 5
Quiz – Question 5

Sorry, A is the wrong answer.

Try Again

quiz question 51
Quiz – Question 5

Sorry, B is the wrong answer.

Try Again

quiz question 52
Quiz – Question 5

Good Job! C was the right answer.

Next Question

good job2
Good Job!

Congratulations! You’ve finished the music production activity! I hope you learned something, and now you’ll be well on your way to learning more about the world of music production.